Thomas Henry Huxley & Ernst Haeckel

Timeline created by 13wongja
  • Thomas Henry Huxley Born

    Thomas Henry Huxley Born
    Huxley was born in Ealing, Middlesex, England on May 4, 1825.
  • Huxley attends Ealing School

    The only formal education Huxley received was at Ealing School, which he attended for two years.
  • Ernst Haeckel Born

    Ernst Haeckel Born
    Ernst Haeckel was born on February 16, 1834 in Potsdam, Prussia.
  • Queen Victoria becomes Queen of the UK

    Queen Victoria becomes Queen of the UK
    Queen Victoria takes over the throne after her uncle, King William IV, passes away that day.
  • Huxley's Apprenticeship

    Despite his lack of formal scientific education, Huxley became a medical apprentice in London in 1841.
  • Huxley sails on the H.M.S. Rattlesnake

    Huxley sails on the H.M.S. Rattlesnake
    Huxley sailed on the HMS Rattlesnake to Australia and New Guinea as an assistant surgeon. He collected and studied marine invertebrates during his visit.
  • Huxley & the Royal Society

    Huxley & the Royal Society
    Huxley was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, because of the papers he had wrote when he studied marine life in Australia.
  • Huxley receives Royal Society Medal

    The Royal Society presented Huxley with a medal.
  • Haeckel's Transition from High School to University

    Haeckel finished his studies at Cathedral High School in Merseburg in 1852. He then enrolled in medicine at the University of Berlin and later Vienna and Wurzburg.
  • School of Mines

    In 1854, Huxley left the Navy was appointed Lecturer in Natural History at School of Mines, in 1854.
  • Huxley Marries

    Huxley married Henrietta Heathorn whom he had met in Sydney, Australia during his voyage with the HMS Rattlesnake.
  • Haeckel Receives Degree In Medicine

    After returning to Berlin, Haeckel received his Doctor of Medicine degree. He obtained a license to practice medicine the year after. However, he was more interested in anatomy than disease.
  • Publication of Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species

    Publication of Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species
    Huxley was a strong supporter of Darwin's Theory of Evolution, so much that he was known as "Darwin's Bulldog." Haeckel was also a strong supporter of Darwin; he popularized Darwin's work in Germany.
  • Haeckel's Zoology Doctorate

    Haeckel obtained a doctorate in zoology after studying at the University of Jena.
  • Oxford Evolution Debate (Huxley)

    Oxford Evolution Debate (Huxley)
    A public debate between Huxley and Samuel Wilberforce in which Huxley defended Darwin's evolution theory.
  • Haeckel Becomes Professor at University of Jena

    Hacekel became professor of comparative anatomy and director of the zoological institute at Jena University.
  • Publication of Haeckel's the Radiolarian

    Publication of Haeckel's the Radiolarian
    In this book, Haeckel proposed the Recapitulation Theory which proposed that the stages of embryonic development were a record of evolutionary history. This meant that new stages were added in order to produce new types of organisms. His belief in this theory led to him draw inaccurate diagrams of the embryonic stages of different organisms.
  • Haeckel's First Marriage

    Haeckel married his cousin Anna Sethe on August 18, 1862. However, she passed away two years later.
  • Huxley's Publication of Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature

    Huxley's Publication of Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature
    Huxley published this book in which evidence of humans and apes evolving from a common ancestor is given.
  • Huxley and the First Meeting of the X-Club

    Huxley and the First Meeting of the X-Club
    A dining club called the "X-Club" was founded by Huxley. It was formed with the purpose of being able to discuss science without allowing the discussion to be influenced by religious views. The club consisted of 9 members: George Busk, Edward Frankland, Thomas Archer Hirst, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, John Lubbock, Herbert Spencer, William Spottiswoode, and John Tyndall.
  • Haeckel Becomes Professor of Zoology

    In 1865, Hackel was appointed as the professor of Zoology at the University of Jena.
  • Haeckel's Third Kingdom of Living Things

    Haeckel's Third Kingdom of Living Things
    In 1866, Haeckel proposed a third kingdom of living organisms. He called it Protista and it included all unicellular organisms.
  • Haeckel's Second Marriage

    Haeckel married Agnes Huschke whom he had three children with.
  • Huxley's Presidency of the Royal Society

    Huxley was elected President of the Royal Society in 1881. His presidency lasted until 1885.
  • Huxley and the Privy Council

    Huxley and the Privy Council
    Huxley was appointed to the Privy Council in 1892
  • Huxley's death

    Huxley died on June 29, 1895 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.
  • Haeckel and German Society for Racial Hygiene

    Haeckel was an honorary member of this society. Many believe his idea of Monism provided a scientific base for German National Socialism.
  • Haeckel Retires

    Haeckel retired from being a professor at the University of Jena in 1909.
  • World War I (Haeckel's Timeline)

    World War I (Haeckel's Timeline)
    The war began on July 28, 1914 and ended November 11, 1918 after Haeckel had passed away.
  • Ersnt Haeckel's Death

    Haeckel died on August 9, 1919 in Jena, Germany.