The Slow Subjugation of the Blackfoot Tribes

Timeline created by bearosity
In History
  • The Lame Bull Treaty

    The first peace treaty between the Blackfoots and the U.S. government. Defines the territory of the "Black Feet Nation".
  • Annuity Evasion

    Government grants do not arrive, Blackfoots send letters of protest.
  • Death of Malcolm Clark

    Piegan warriors kill Malcolm Clark.
  • Massacre at Marias River

    U.S. troops attack a Blackfoot tribe, thinking them to be the Piegan warriors responsible for Clark's death. Over 200 die, 140 women and children are captured.
  • Boundary Alterations

    Without consulting the Blackfoots, the U.S. government moves the reservation border to the Birch-Creek Marias line.
  • Beginning of the Starvation Winter

    The European over-hunting of buffalo has taken its toll. The Blackfoots become completely dependant on government rations. Six-hundred Blackfoots die in the process.
  • The Transcontinental Railroad

    The track running through Blackfoot territory is completed.
  • Selling of Glacier National Park's Land

    To raise money, the Blackfoot leaders sell the land that would eventually be used for the Glacier National Park. They recieved an annual payment of $150,000 for ten years from the government, a total of $1,500,000.
  • Death at Washington

    The Piegan Blackfoot representative, Whitefoot, dies while in Washington.
  • The Transfer to Allotment

    U.S. passes legislation that no longer views the reservation lands as the territory of the entire clan, but rather lots to be divided between individuals within the tribe. Men recieved 320 acres apiece.
  • Disturbing Census

    According to the 1910 U.S. government census, the Blackfoot population grew very little between then and 1885.
  • Citizenship

    All American Indians given the rights as U.S. citizens.
  • The Indian Reorganization Act

    Allows for the consturction of the Blackfoot Tribal Council.
  • "The Forgotten American"

    Speech by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson expresses sympathy with all Indian tribes.
  • Indian Child Welfare Act

    Child custody cases now controlled by tribal authorities.