The French secretly sent weapons to the fighting Patriots to get back at the British
The British retreat from Boston
The British retreat from Boston moving the war to the middle states so that they could isolate New England
Howe brothers sail to New York harbor
General Howe and Admiral Howe join forces, sailing into New York Harbor with 32,000 soldiers
Washington retreats in New York
Washington had 23,000 men to defend New York but was vastly out numbered, he eventually reatreated
The British push the Continental Congress out of Pennsylvania
The British pushed the Americans into Pensylvania, this resulted in the Americans losing most of there army, fewer than 8,000 men remained, the rest either quit, were killed or were captured
Battle Of Trenton
Washington led 2,400 men across the ice choked Delaware river in pursuit of fighting at Trenton
Washingtons Due Date
Washington needed a victory because the mens enlistment were due to end on this date and he needed to prevent them from going home
Americans victory against the British
Wahington took 918 British redcoats as captives, encouraged by the victory Washington marched his army into winter camp near Morristown, New Jersey
General Howe begins campaign to seize American capitol at Philadelphia
Washington's troops unsuccessfully blocked the British and the British captured Pensylvania
Victory at Saratoga
Mass American troops surrounded Burgoyne at Saratoga.
The surrender dramatically changed Britain's war strategy, from then on British kept along the coast, close to the supply bases.
Albigense Waldo worked at Valley Forge
Albigense Waldo was a surgeon that worked Valley Forge, the site of the Continental Army's camp
The French sign treaty with Americans
France signed an alliance with the Americans. France agreed not to make peace with Britain unless Britain recognized American Independence.
American Troops begin a temendous transformation
Friedrich Von Steuben, Prussian captain and talented drillmaster volunteered his services to General Washington. Steuben disciplined the Continental Army, therefore making it an effective fighting force.
British shift military operations to the south
British shift operations to the south hoping to gain loyalist support and reclaim their formal colonies. The British slowly fought their way back to the north.
Robert Morris appointed to Superintendent of Finance
Congress appointed rich Philadelphia merchant, Robert Morris as Superintendent of Finance. Morris's associate was Haym Salomon, together they raised money to provide salaries for the Continental Army.
British take Savannah, Georgia
A British expedition easily took Savannah, Georgia from the Americans.
Royal Governor commands Georgia
Royal Governor once again commanded Georgia.
Marquis de Lafayette joins Washington staff
Military leader Lafayette joined Washington in fighting off the British. He lobbied for French reinforcements and led command in Virginia in the last years of the war.
Britain's great victory during the war
The British captured Charles Town, South Carolina. 5,500 American soldiers became prisoners of war.
Cornwallis' army defeated American forces at Camden, South Carolina. British established forts across the State.
French army lands in Newport, Rhode Island
French army of 6,000 land in Newport, Rhode Island after the British left to focus on the south.This is where the American and French army join forces to attack the British in Yorktown.
Clinton sails south
General Henry Clinton and general Charles Cornwallis sail south with 8,500 men to fight.
British surrender in South Carolina
The British expected the Americans to flee but instead they fought back and forced the British to surrender.
Cornwallis attacks Greene
Angered by the defeat at Cowpens, Cornwallis attacked Greene at Guilford Court House, North Carolina. Cornwallis wins the battle, 93 troops were killed and over 400 were wounded and 26 men went missing.
Greene requests Lafayette for help
Greene worried about the fight for the south asks Lafayette for assistance to save the south.Greene felt that there would be many difficulties and disadvantages if they encountered the south alone.
Troops get paid
Due to the efforts of Morris and Salomon the Continental Army troops were finally able to get paid in specie or gold coin.
Siege of Yorktown
Cornwallis' troops were outnumbered and exhausted, Cornwallis finally surrendered, and the Americans won the war.
Americans win the American Revolution
Colonel William Fontaine witnessed the British surrender in Yorktown, Virginia. Fontaine stood with the American and French armies. The American Revolution finally ended and the Americans have finally won.
Peace talks began in Paris. Representatives from four nations: United States, Great Britain, France and Spain. Britain didn't want American independence but France did although they did fear it becoming a major power.
Treaty of Paris
This treaty confirmed American independence and set boundaries of the new nation.