The Evolution of Earth's People

  • 375

    Roman Empire

    The Roman Empire was divied into the West and East. The west was very weak and the east was great for it trading.
  • Period: 400 to 500

    Trans-Saharan Trade

    The Trans-Saharan trade let to growth in power. It was also a center of the trade of gold.
  • 500

    Writing in Japan

    Japan adopted the Chinese alphabet which allowed them to communicate and form literature. With this knowledge of Japan spread to the rest of the known world and they were able to increase their economy.
  • 570


    Birth of Muhammad, the messenger of God. It was believed he held some sort of power to obtain this honor.
  • Period: 570 to Apr 15, 632

    Islamic World

    The Islamic Empire was ruled by a caliph who was a military commander, a chief judge, and a religious leader. It also created a trade center/zone.
  • Apr 15, 600

    Islamic Split

    The Shi'it and Sunni split, creating two branches of Muslims. THis happened after the Persian empire collapse.
  • Jun 17, 622


    Muhammad fled to Medina. Which later this journey became known, as the hegira. And has become a pilgrimage for the Islamic people.
  • Apr 15, 630


    Muhammad goes to Mecca. While in Mecca he captured the city.
  • Jan 1, 640


    Changan was a important trading center. By 640 the population was over 2 million, which made it the largest city at the time.
  • Apr 15, 661

    Umayyad Dynasty

    The Umayyad dynasty rises as the firs Islamic dynasty. This dynasty was established by the Sunnis.
  • Apr 15, 674


    Islamic attacks against Constantinople .The Romans stopped the attacks in the west.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1045 to Jan 1, 1241


    The Crusades where out fighting for the holy land.
  • Jan 1, 1054


    The church split into two. The Roman Catholic Church and The Eastern Orthodox Church. Which later they both spread.
  • Jan 1, 1073

    The New Pope

    In order to reorganize church finances cardinals in Rome selected Gregory VII. He made claims that gabe him an exteme positions and this is antagonizing th lords and monarchs.
  • Jan 1, 1078

    Popes Declaration

    Gregory VII (Pope) declared emperor Henry VII deposed. As a result he was forced to flee from Rome to Salerno where he died two years later.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jan 1, 1204


    Christans and Muslims fighting over Jerusalem. Cultural impact of Crusade on western Europe reulted in noble courts and burgeoning cities consuming more goods from the east.
  • Period: Apr 15, 1095 to Apr 15, 1270


    The pope wanted to take Palestine and Jerusalem frome the Muslims. Which meant a holy war, for land.
  • Jan 1, 1126

    Northern Song

    Because of the army being so ineffective it caused many problems. Like the lost of the northern half of the empire to the nomads.
  • Jan 1, 1162

    New Archbishop of Canterbury

    Henry II persuaded Thomas a Becket to become a priest and assume position of Archbishop of Canterbury. When Henry sought to try cleries accused of crimes in royal inead of ecelesiastical courts, Thomas resisted.
  • Jan 1, 1170

    Death of a Archbishop

    Four of Henry II's knights knew of the kings desire of Thomas Becket's (Archbishop of Canterbury) death. They murdered him and the crime backfired making Canterbury a major pilgrimage center for sympathetic followers.
  • Jan 1, 1181

    Great Famine in Japan

    Great famine in Japan kills hundreds of thousands of people. Causing economic decrease and a strain on trade.
  • Apr 15, 1192

    Delhi Sultanate

    Delhi was captured, in northern India, by the muslim general. The dynasties that ruled norhtern India at the time were later known as the Delhi Sultanate,
  • Jan 1, 1200


    Miltary threats from North continued and invaded groups. Song Dynasty became the new Mongol Empire.
  • Apr 15, 1200

    Delhi Dynasties

    The Mamluk,Khilji, Tughlaq, and Sayyid and Lodi dynasties, were part of the Delhi.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1263

    Campaign of Genghis Khan

    Following unification of the Mongol tribes, Genghis Khan launches a campaign of conquest. His sons and grandsons create the world's biggest land empire.
  • Period: Jan 15, 1206 to Jan 15, 1263

    Campaign of Genghis Khan

    After unification of the Mongol tribes, Genghis Khan launches a campaign of conquest. His sons and grandsons create the world's biggest land empire.
  • Apr 15, 1206

    The Sultanate

    The Delhi, entered a period of new advancements and new technology. Through the ruling of a new sultan whom this was all possible.
  • Period: Apr 15, 1206 to Apr 15, 1263

    Campaign of Genghis Khan

    Following unification of the Mongol tribes, Genghis Khan launches a campaign of conquest. His sons and grandsons create the world's biggest land empire.
  • Period: Apr 15, 1206 to Apr 15, 1263

    Campaign of Genghis Khan

    After unification of the Mongol tribes, Genghis Khan launches a campaign of conquest. His sons and grandsons create the world's biggest land empire.
  • Period: Apr 15, 1206 to Apr 15, 1253

    Campaign of Genghis Khan

    After unification of the Mongol tribes, Genghis Khan launches a campaign of conquest. His sons and grandsons create the world's biggest land empire.
  • Jan 1, 1215


    The Mongols attacked and destoryed what now aday is Beijing.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    King John was forced to sign this document. The purpose was to take away power from the king. Taxes were one of the things affected becasue the king would have to get approval from the people and parliament.
  • Jan 1, 1227

    Try to expand

    The Mongols tried to expand there land. But they didn't expand due to civil war outbreaks and invasion failures.
  • Jan 1, 1227

    Great Khan

    The Great Khan died and all of his empire was taken by his 4 sons. They continued to conquer after his death.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1253 to Jan 1, 1324

    Marco Polo

    Kubalai Khan (conquereer of China) took a liking to him and sent him on holy missions. He bcame one of the first Europeans to travel across Asia through China. Also was one of the few to observe traditional China in this period and have a book written about his journeys that became an important on this era in China's history.
  • Jan 1, 1268

    Battle of Xiangyang

    The Battle of Xiangyang was known as the 6 year battle. The batt;e was between the Chinese Song Dynasty and the Mongol forces of Kublaai Khan.
  • Jan 1, 1271

    Marco Polo

    Marco Polo was out to explored the Easter land.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1272 to Jan 1, 1281

    Invasion in Feudal Japan

    A period of Mongolian attempt to invade Feudal Japan but one of their attempts failed when a typhoon called Kamikaze repeled their attack along with Japan's own defensive strategy. As a result nvasion attempt had devastating domestic repercussions, leading to the extinction of the Kamakura shogunate.
  • Jan 1, 1273

    End of Battle of Xiangyang

    Battle of Xiangyang ends. Song surrender to Kublai Khan. This was also the first battle to use firearms in combat.
  • Jan 1, 1274

    Southern Song

    Southern Song continued to flourish. Better then the North.
  • Jan 1, 1281

    Retried to expand land

    The Mongols retired to expand there land and they did this time. They got to invade Japan.
  • Apr 15, 1312

    Mansa Musa

    Mansa Musa built libraries, Islamic schools, brought soldiers, slaves and gold, Hw was the most important emperor of Mali.
  • Apr 15, 1325

    Weakening of the Delhi

    India was under the Tughliq Dynasty when the weak state began. There was rebellions and civil wars which caused southern India to become an independent Hindu state.
  • Apr 15, 1326

    Ibn Battuta

    Muslim explorer in 1326.He traveled at least 2,000 miles and was the most famous of the muslim explorers as well.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Jan 1, 1453

    100 Years War

    A period of fighting between Engaland and France over land. This caused the loss of their best troops, money, and weakend Western Europe.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1347 to Jan 1, 1351

    Black Death

    Spread of Bubonic plague that killed 2/3 of European population. Peopl blamed Jewish and water pollution. Religion became popular because people would be hopeful.
  • Jan 1, 1350


    After all the hard work that the Mongols did to expand there land other armies ended up reconquering there land.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to Jan 1, 1454

    Civil war within Mongols

    Civil war breaking lose within the Mongols breaks apart unifed society. Without unity Mongolian power is weakened. This eventually leads to their empires destruction
  • Apr 15, 1400

    Islam Spreads

    Islam spread through to the Pillipines. This shows the great expansion of islam, and how it diffused into different regions.
  • Jan 1, 1453


    Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople.
  • Apr 15, 1460

    Songhai Empire

    The Songhai was one of the largest empires in Africa. As well as a productive empire.
  • Jan 1, 1467

    Civil War in once united Japan

    Civil war broke up Japan’s feudal system. The country collapsed into chaos. Centralized rule ended. Power switched from the shogun to territorial lords in hundreds of separate domains. Japan also limited contact with the western world. Isolated Japan
  • Apr 15, 1526

    Decline in Delhi

    The Delhi became taken over by the Mughal empire. Basically fell into it by over power.
  • Jan 1, 1549

    Portuguesse arrive to Japan

    Saint Francis Xavier (Portuguesse missionary) was one of the first to arrive in Japan. After his arrival the Portuguesse became the most successful Europeans in inititiating major trade agreements with Japan.
  • Apr 15, 1570

    Songhai, Mali

    Songhai gained its independence. And it was also linked to Mali, because they had an important trade relationship.
  • Control

    Reestablished centralized control over China. Which gain the Song Dynasty more power.
  • The Returned

    Han Dynasty first returned to China. Then 400 years later Sui Dynasty returned to China.
  • Empress Wu

    Empress Wu had so much power in her hands, which she used in a good and bad way. 690 she waas given the name of Heavenly Empress.
  • Ghana Empire

    Trade in Ghana was the rise and decrease factor. There was a tax on traders who traded in Ghana. The decline was when at one point it became overtaken by the mali empire.
  • Period: to

    Anti Buddhist Campaign

    841 to 845 Anit Buddhist Campaign happened. This detroyed the religion in China, and later caused for NeoConfucianism to happen.
  • Period: to

    Charles the Great

    Charlemagne was king of the Frans and Emperor of the Romans. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. His rule was associated with the Carolington Renaissance (a revival of art, religion, and culture through the medium of the Catholic Church)