Many of his men died in Table Bay because they had a dispute with the Khoi-Khoi --> They stole them cattle.
Portuguese avoid the Cape.
Jun 15, 1580
English admiral, Sir Francis Drake,rounds Cape on his world voyage
"Most stately thing and fairest cape we saw in whole circumfence of earth"
Trade relationships with the Khoikhoi
James Lancaster, an English navigator, explores the southern African coast and establishes Trade relationships with the Khoikhoi.
The Portuguese ship, Santo Esperito, is believed to have been shipwrecked off the eastern coast of South Africa.
Sao Joao Baptista
The Portuguese ship, Sao Joao Baptista, was lost off the eastern coast of South Africa.
KhoiKhoi leader Autsumao is taken to Batawia
He returned later and acts as an resident agent for passing ships.
The Dutch ship, Nieuwe Haerlem, is wrecked in Table Bay and survivors later built a small fort.
Landing at the Cape
Landing at the Cape
businessman Jan van Riebeeck landed on a bay at the foot of the Tafelberg on behalf of a Dutch-East India Trading copany
First imported slaves from Indonesia, Madagascar and India
Pieter Cruythoff is sent out from the Cape settlement to investigate the suitability of the interior for agriculture.
Jan van Riebeeck leaves the Cape on promotion to a position on the Council of Justice in Batavia.
Jan van Riebeeck is succeeded as Commander of the Cape by Zacharias Wagenaer
Settlers and the Hottentots
Settler outposts are established in the Hottentots Holland and Saldanha Bay areas.
He arrives at the Cape as Commissioner and was instructed to select a site for the Castle of Good Hope.
Work commenced on a fortress, known as the Castle of Good Hope, which replaced the previous wooden fort built by Jan van Riebeeck and his men
The first Malays arrive as slaves
Land is purchased from the Khoikhoi and the Cape Colony started
2nd Dutch-Khoikhoi War
When negiotiations for trade of livestock fails, the Dutch East India Company sends in Hieronimus Cruse to attack the Cochoqua.
The settlement of Hottentots-Holland is established
The building of the Castle of Good Hope is completed.
Huguenots flew from France
Some settle on the Cape. "Their" area is called Franschnoek (KhoiKhoi)
Stellenbosch is founded.
Land belonging to the Khoikhoi is given to Dutch farmers along the Eerste River in the Cape Colony
The Johanna, a British East Indiaman sailing from Kent to Surat, India under the command of Captain Robert Brown is shipwrecked off Cape Agulhas
The Cape Colonists send a commissioner to Europe to attract more settlers
French Huguenot refugees arrive after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes
Serious friction develops between the Huguenots and the Dutch settlers
Settlers started moving beyond the Cape Colony driving off the Khoikhoi from the land
Many are killed following the grounding of the ship Gravenstein at Roodestrand near Camps Bay
Dlamini chiefdoms move south and settle north of the Phongolo River
thereby forming the core of the future Swazi nation
Settlers spread inland
They spread to the east and north and were called Trekboer who are white farmers searching land for cattle
A Smallpox epidemic broke out at the Cape Colony
The system of freehold title to land in the Cape ends
An expedition leaves Cape Town to establish ports along the east coast. The members reach Delagoa Bay and build a fort
But are later raided by English pirates
George Schmidt, the first Protestant missionary (Moravian Brethren) in southern Africa, arrives at the Cape
Number of slaves in the province is higher than the number of European settlers
A day of prayer and fasting is held for the elimination of the locust plague from Table Valley
A population count shows that there were 5,510 Europeans and 6,279 slaves in the Cape Colony
A Smallpox epidemic breaks out at the Cape Colony.
A total of 2,372 people die.
Settlers went to the west
They retreat the Kjoisan and reach the east frontier of Bantu series of war against Xhosa.
13 of England's American colonies erupt in revolt
British forces capture Pondicherry in the Bay of Bengal from the French
Xhosas moving south clash with the settlers at the Fish River starting the first of nine Cape Frontier Wars
Spain joins with France and America in the war against Britain
The Sultan of Mysore, India declares war on the British
Britain declares war on the Netherlands.
French troops arrive at the Cape Colony to guard it against the English
British forces captured St Eustatius and neutralises all other Dutch outlets in the West Indies and in Surinam.
French and Spanish forces later recaputed the island for the Dutch
The Treaty of Paris is signed ending the war.
The Dutch have lost the most from the war
The French troops departed the Cape
-Xhosas clash with the white settlers at the Fish River starting
the 2nd Cape Frontier War
-War is declared by the victorious French revolutionaries
against the Dutch Prince of Orange
-Britain goes to war against France
British forces under General Sir James Henry Craig seizes the Cape Colony for the Stadtholder Prince William V of Orange
The republics of Graaff Reinet and Swellendam reject the British and the British army is sent in