The Age of Exploration: Columbus (1492) to Eve of American Revolution (1763) By stmichaelschool Nov 21, 1488 Bartholomew Diaz explores African coast. Period: Oct 12, 1492 to Oct 18, 1763 Columbus in New World - End of French and Indian War Nov 20, 1492 Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. Nov 21, 1492 Martin Behaim makes the earliest globe of the world. It showed no New World. Nov 20, 1494 First Africans arrive in Hispaniola with Christopher Columbus. Nov 21, 1497 Vasco de Gama is first to sail to India around Cape of Good Hope, Africa. Nov 20, 1499 Vincent Pinzon and Juan Dias de Solis discover Brazil. Aug 10, 1500 Diego Diaz discovered Madagascar. Nov 20, 1513 Vaco Nunez de Balboa discovers Pacific Ocean. Nov 20, 1513 Ponce de Leon explores Florida. Nov 20, 1518 Juan de Grijal explores Mexico. Nov 21, 1519 Ferdinand Magellan begins first circumnavigation of the world. Nov 20, 1528 Panfilo de Narvaez conquers Cuba and explores Florida. Nov 20, 1528 Alva Cabeza de Vaca explores southwestern America. Nov 20, 1534 Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Nov 20, 1539 Hernando de Soto explores South-eastern North America Nov 20, 1541 Francisco Vazquez Coronado explores midwest North America. present day Kansas Jul 7, 1550 Chocolate introduced in Europe. Nov 20, 1550 First slaves arrive from Africa, to Brazil. Nov 20, 1550 Ambrose Pare (France) invents artificial limbs. Nov 20, 1551 Spaniards in Chile begin producing wine. Nov 20, 1576 Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait, Canada Nov 21, 1577 Sir Francis Drake begins his sail around the world. Nov 21, 1583 Sir Humphrey Gilbert Claims Newfoundland (Canada) for England. Nov 20, 1584 Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe explore North Carolina coast. Nov 20, 1585 Sir Walter Raleigh establishes Roanoke colony. Nov 20, 1585 Simon Stevin invented decimals. Nov 20, 1590 Janssen invents the compound microscope. Nov 20, 1593 Sir Richard Hawkins sails to the South Pacific Ocean. Nov 20, 1595 Sir Walter Raleigh seeks El Dorado Raleigh seeks the golden city of El Dorado in South America. Nov 20, 1598 Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado. Nov 13, 1600 William Gilbert discovered static electricity Nov 21, 1602 Sebastian Viscaino founded San Diego, Catalina, Monterey Bay, Carmel, Santa Barbara, and many more missions for Spain. Apr 26, 1607 CAPT John Smith founds Jamestown (Virginia colony) Nov 13, 1609 Henry Hudson, explorer Henery Hudson explored parts of the Artic Oceans and Northeastern North America including the Hudson River Nov 21, 1609 Samuel de Champlain discovers Lake Champlain. Nov 1, 1610 Galileo builds the first telescope. Nov 13, 1610 Galileo observes the stars and Milky Way Nov 13, 1620 Mayflower Mayflower ship lands at Cape Cod Mass. with 101 colonists Nov 13, 1620 Jan Batista van Helmont introduces the word "gas" Nov 21, 1626 Peter Minuit buys island of Manhattan from the Indians. Nov 13, 1636 Main Mersenne discovered speed of sound Nov 13, 1636 Roger Williams Roger Williams founds Prov. and Rhode Island Nov 13, 1636 Harvard College Harvard Collage is founded in Cambridge,Mass. Nov 13, 1637 Rene Descartes refracts rainbows and clouds Nov 21, 1637 Jacque Marquette and Louis Jolliet explore and find Mississippi River. Nov 13, 1638 First printing press in Mass. The first colonial printing press is set up in Cambridge, Mass. Nov 13, 1641 Witchcraft Witchcraft is made a capital crime in English law. Nov 13, 1642 Blaise Pascal invented mechanical calculator Nov 21, 1642 Abel Tasman discovered Tasmania, New Zealand, Tonga, and Fiji Islands. Nov 13, 1647 Constitution of Rhode Island The constitution of the General Assembly of Rhode Island is drafted. Nov 13, 1650 slavery Slavery is legalized and recongnized in the American colonies Nov 20, 1652 Jan van Riebeeck founded Cape Town, South Africa. Nov 21, 1653 England gets rid of royalty: Oliver Cromwell is the Protectorate. Nov 21, 1666 The Great Fire of London. Nov 20, 1669 LaSalle explored upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes region. Nov 20, 1673 Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored Mississippi River. Nov 21, 1675 Thomas Tompion discovered the way to make pocket watches. Nov 21, 1691 The First map of all of New Spain. Nov 20, 1699 Pierre and Jean-Baptiste LeMoyne explore Mississippi coast and discover mouth of Mississippi River. May 23, 1701 CAPT. William Kidd hung in London. Famous pirate. Oct 28, 1701 William Penn is granted a Charter for the colony of Delaware Nov 20, 1707 Scotland and England combine to become Great Britain. Nov 20, 1709 First organ built in Philadelphia. Nov 20, 1713 Maria Theresa becomes queen of Austrian empire. Nov 20, 1716 First group of slaves brought to Louisiana. Nov 20, 1718 Founding of New Orleans, by the French Nov 20, 1725 King Peter the Great of Russia dies. Nov 20, 1727 King George II ascends the Throne of England. Nov 20, 1730 Baltimore is founded in colony of Maryland. Nov 21, 1730 Vitus Bering discovers and sails through the Bering Strait. Nov 20, 1732 Poor Richard's Almanac appears in print. Published by Ben Franklin. Nov 20, 1736 Russia and Austria at war with Turkey. Nov 20, 1750 The Waltz becomes a popular dance in Europe. Nov 20, 1760 Berlin is burned by the Russians. Nov 21, 1769 Father Junipero Serra founds nine missions in southwest North America. Jan 26, 1788 Capt Arthur Phillip founds Englich colony of Australia.