Columbus timeline

  • Period: 1460 to 1524

    vasco da gama explored africa till he reached italy

    Da Gama was the third son of Estêvão da Gama, a minor provincial nobleman who was commander of the fortress of Sines on the coast of Alentejo province in southwestern Portugal. Little is known of his early life.
  • Period: 1488 to 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias rounded Africa’s Cape of Good Hope

    Bartolomeu Dias, in full Bartolomeu Dias de Novais, Bartolomeu also spelled Bartholomew, Dias also spelled Diaz, (born c. 1450—died May 29, 1500, at sea, near Cape of Good Hope), Portuguese navigator and explorer who led the first European expedition to round the Cape of Good Hope (1488), opening the sea route to Asia
  • Period: Jul 25, 1492 to Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus sailed out of a spanish port and sailed towards the New World.

    On August 3, 1492, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus started his voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. With a crew of 90 men and three ships—the Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria—he left from Palos de la Frontera
  • Period: Aug 3, 1492 to Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus returned to Spain from his first voyage

    A Spotlight on a Primary Source by Christopher Columbus. On August 3, 1492, Columbus set sail from Spain to find an all-water route to Asia. On October 12, more than two months later, Columbus landed on an island in the Bahamas that he called San Salvador; the natives called it Guanahani.
  • Period: Oct 12, 1492 to

    Christopher columbus reaches the Americas

    Christopher Columbus Discovers America, 1492. Columbus led his three ships - the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria - out of the Spanish port of Palos on August 3, 1492. His objective was to sail west until he reached Asia (the Indies) where the riches of gold, pearls and spice awaited.
  • Period: Jun 7, 1494 to Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas happen

    the Treaty of Tordesillas with Portugal (1494) to settle their respective claims. The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) between Spain and Portugal, dividing the non-European world between them, gave the Portuguese a legal claim to a large part of the area to be called Brazil.
  • Period: May 10, 1497 to 1500

    John cabot and amerigo vespucci explore the Americas

    On the 1499 voyage, Vespucci sailed to the northern part of South America and into the Amazon River. He gave places he saw names like the "Gulf of Ganges," thinking, as his explorer contemporaries did, that he was in Asia. He also made improvements to celestial navigation techniques.
  • Period: May 30, 1498 to 1500

    columbus third voyage

    olumbus left the port of Sanlucar in southern Spain on May 30, 1498 with six ships, bound for the New World on his third voyage. After stopping at the islands of Porto Santo and Madeira, the fleet arrived at Gomera in the Canary Islands
  • Period: 1499 to 1500

    Amerigo Vespucci traveled along the east coast of South America.

    In a letter from Cape Verde, Vespucci says that he hopes to visit the same lands that Álvares Cabral had explored, suggesting that the intention is to sail west to Asia, as on the 1499–1500 voyage. On reaching the coast of Brazil, they sailed south along the coast of South America to Rio de Janeiro's bay.
  • Period: May 11, 1502 to 1502

    columbus fourth voyage

    On May 11, 1502, Christopher Columbus set out on his fourth and final voyage to the New World. He had four ships, and his mission was to explore uncharted areas to the west of the Caribbean, hopefully finding a passage west to the Orient.
  • Period: 1513 to 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa reached the South Sea.

    The 16th-century Spanish conquistador and explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa (1475-1519) helped establish the first stable settlement on the South American continent at Darién, on the coast of the Isthmus of Panama. In 1513, while leading an expedition in search of gold, he sighted the Pacific Ocean.
  • Period: 1519 to Aug 13, 1521

    Spanish conquest of Mexico begins

    A Spanish settler in Cuba, Hernán Cortés, led an expedition (entrada) to Mexico, landing in February 1519, following an earlier expedition led by Juan de Grijalva to Yucatán in 1517. Two years later Cortés and his retinue set sail, thus beginning the expedition of exploration and conquest.
  • Period: 1519 to 1519

    Magellan Sails into Pacific Ocean

    Ferdinand Magellan Reaches the Pacific Ocean. On this day in 1520, famed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan entered "The Sea of the South" having sailed from the Atlantic Ocean through the passage that now bears his name, the Straits of Magellan.
  • Period: 1519 to 1519

    Hernand Cortes landed on the shores of Mexico.

    He ignored orders and traveled to Mexico with about 500 men and 11 ships in 1519, setting his sights on overthrowing ruler Montezuma II in the Aztec capital of Tenochitilán. The Aztecs eventually drove the Spanish from Tenochitilán, but Cortés returned to defeat the natives and take the city in 1521.
  • Period: 1532 to 1532

    Pizarro discovered Peru

    Francisco Pizarro was born circa 1476 in Trujillo, Spain. In 1513, he joined Vasco Núñez de Balboa in his march to the "South Sea," during which Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean. In 1532, Pizarro and his brothers conquered Peru. Three years later, Pizarro founded the nation's new capital, Lima.
  • Period: to

    Roanoke was founded.

    White took the letters to mean that the colonists had moved to Croatoan Island, some 50 miles away, but a later search of the island found none of the settlers. The Roanoke Island colony, the first English settlement in the New World, was founded by English explorer Sir Walter Raleigh in August 1585.
  • Period: to

    First Dutch fleet arrives in India

    The United East Indian Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade.
  • Period: to

    Jamestown in Virginia is established by the English.

    The Virginia Company of England made a daring proposition: sail to the new, mysterious land, which they called Virginia in honor of Elizabeth I, the Virgin Queen, and begin a settlement. They established Jamestown, Virginia, on May 14, 1607, the first permanent British settlement in North America.
  • Period: to

    First boatload of slaves brought directly from Africa to the Americas.

  • Period: to

    Plymouth was founded

    Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony First colonial settlement in New England (founded 1620). The settlers were a group of about 100 Puritan Separatist Pilgrims, who sailed on the Mayflower and settled on what is now Cape Cod bay, Massachusetts.
  • Period: to

    English Found Massachusetts bay colony

    Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. Thomas Dudley.
  • Period: to

    La Salle Explores the lower Mississippi River

    The French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, was the first known European to explore the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico in 1682. La Salle’s parents intended him to serve as a Jesuit priest, but his personality made him unsuitable for the job. He left the Jesuits and followed his brother to New France after he receiving a land grant. Adventurous, independent, and bullheaded, La Salle started to explore the Great Lakes area in 1669.
  • Period: to

    Dutch Explorers explore austria

    John Cabot was an Italian navigator who was the first European that sailed along to North American coast since the Norse 500 years prior (1497). Vasco da Gama. Famous Portuguese explorer known for being the first European to sail to India