Jan 1, 1000
Leif EricssonBirth Place and Date - Iceland and about 980.
The Country they sialed for - Greenland.
The Purpose of His Voyage - He was Searching for North America.
Did He Reach His Goal - No But he did Reach The Southern Baffin Island (which he called Helluland, meaning the "land of the flat stone") and then He then went on the what is now Labrador.
Jan 1, 1418
Prince Henery The Navagator
- Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and patron of explorers.
- 1394 in Portugal
- He started the first oceanic school in 1418
- He never actually went on any of his journys he sent men to do it for him
- They were looking for Africa in 1433
- He tried to trade to with the Afericans but was unsuccess
Jan 1, 1487
Bartolomeu DiasBirth Date: 1457
Country He Sailed For: Portugal
Purpose of Voyage: Aferican Southern Tip
Did He Reach his Goal: Yes
Aug 3, 1492
Christopher Columbus - First VoyageBirth Place: italy 1451
sailed for King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain. On his first trip, Columbus led an expedition with three ships, the Niña the Pinta, and the Santa Maria, and about 90 crew members.
Sep 25, 1493
Christopher Columbus - Second VoyageHe sailed with 17 ships and 1,200 to 1,500 men to find gold and capture Indians as slaves in the Indies.
He established a base in Hispaniola and sailed around Hispaniola and along the length of southern Cuba.
Jun 24, 1497
John Cabot - First Voyageborn in Italy but moved to England in 1495
Cabot sailed to Canada in 1497, commanding the small ship called "Matthew." Cabot landed near Labrador, Newfoundland, or Cape Breton Island on June 24, 1497. One of John Cabot's three sons, the explorer Sebastian Cabot, accompanied him on this trip. Cabot claimed the land for England.
Jul 8, 1497
DA GAMA, VASCO - First VoyageIt was assumed that the Indian Ocean was not connected to any other seas.
May 3, 1498
Christopher Columbus - Third VoyageSailed farther south, to Trinidad and Venezuela. Columbus was the first European since Leif Ericsson to set foot on the mainland of America.
Sep 10, 1498
John Cabot - Last VoyageHe may have reached America, but that is uncertain. Cabot's expeditions were the first of Britain's claims to Canada.
Jan 1, 1499
Amerigo Vespucci - First Voyagenavigatored under under the command of Alonso de Ojeda. On this trip, Ojeda and Vespucci discovered the mouth of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers in South America, thinking it was part of Asia
Jan 1, 1500
Vasco Nunez de BalboaHe led the first European expedition to sail around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, leaving Tagus, Portugal in 1487. This breakthrough of circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope opened up lucrative trading routes from Europe to Asia
Jan 1, 1501
Amerigo Vespucci - Last Voyagehe mapped some of the eastern coast of South America, and came to realize that it not part of Asia, but a New World.
Jan 1, 1502
DA GAMA, VASCO - Second VoyageHe sailed to India. After King Manuel's death, King John III sent da Gama to India as a Portuguese viceroy.
May 9, 1502
Christopher Columbus - Last VoyageHe sailed to Mexico, Honduras and Panama (in Central America) and Santiago (Jamaica).
Jan 1, 1519
Hernando CortésCortes sailed with 11 ships from Cuba to the Yucatan Peninsula to look for gold and silver.
He brutally killed the Aztec emperor Montezuma
Claimed all of Mexico for Spain in 1521
Sep 8, 1519
Ferdinand Magellansailed to India
Only 18 men returned from the 270 and with only 1 ship and Magellan was not one of those men
Jan 1, 1524
Hernando De Soto - First VoyageHe sailed to Nicaragua with Francisco de Cordoba.
Jan 1, 1531
Hernando De Soto - Last VoyageHe was on an expedition to Peru. During this expedition they met and killed Atahualpa, the ruler of the Incas, and conquered the Inca empire.
Jan 1, 1532
Francisco PizarroAfter traveling through desert and snow-capped mountains, Pizarro and his men made it to Cajamarca, where they captured Atahuallpa, the 13th and last emperor of the Incas.
He was assassinated in Lima, Peru, in 1541
Jan 1, 1577
Francis DrakeHe led the second expedition around the world
He was involved in slave trade and was a feirce warrior
Sir Walter RaleighBritish explorer, poet, historian, and soldier
Sent men to expore the east coast of North America
Henry Hudson - First voyageHe was hired by a Muscovy Company, to find a waterway from Europe to Asia. Hudson made two trips, but failed to find a route to China.
Henry Hudson - Second VoyageHe was hired by Dutch East India Company in 1609, to try to find the Northwest Passage farther south. He found what is now called the Hudson River. Hudson is credited with discovering the location which is now New York City
Peter MinuitHe founded New Amsterdam on the southern tip of Manhattan
He founded Fort Christina on the land that he bought from Native Americans