Columbus was an Italian explorer who explored the Atlantic to find trade routes to the east, which eventually led to the coloinization of North America.
Jun 7, 1494
Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty of Tordesillas is an agreement between Spain and Portugal that settled conflicts over new lands that were discovered or explored by Columbus.
Sep 6, 1498
Vasco Da Gama reaches India
Vasco Da Gama reaches India and Cabot explores the northeastern coast of North America for England.
Apr 2, 1513
Juan Ponce de Leon explores Florida
Juan Ponce de Leon landed on Florida's coast, claimed land,and named it "Pascua de Florida." It was named this becasue they had seen land on Palm Sunday.
Aug 13, 1521
Cortez ends the Aztec empire
The Aztecs tried to take one last stand, when Cortez and his army destroyed Tenochtitlan. Eventually the remaining Aztecs were killed off by diseases.
Sep 6, 1522
Magellan's Last Ship
Ferdinand Magellan's crew returned to Spain to complete their journey around the world.Unfortunatley Magellan was killed by the Philippine natives.
Nov 15, 1532
Pizarro destroys Inca's in Peru
Pizarro captured the Inca's ruler in the town of Cajamarca, and then his troops killed thousands of the other Incas.
Sep 8, 1534
Jacques Cartier explores St. Lawrence River
After Verrazano explored the eastern seaboard, Cartier explored and traveled the St. Lawrence river for hundereds of miles.
Nov 8, 1558
Elizabeth the I became the Queen of England during the rise of Protestantism, which created problems with Catholic Spain.
Jan 1, 1565
Fortress in St. Augustine, Florida
The Spanish built a fortress to protect their sea lanes and defend against the French.
Sep 28, 1572
St. Bartholomew"s Day
This was a massace that killed over 10,000 Huguenots.
Sep 8, 1577
Drake circumnavigates globe
Francis Drake was one of Queen Elizabeth's sea doags, he returned with a full ship of Spanish treasures around1580.
English ssettlers: Settle in New World
The New World was a city called Jamestown named after King James I, it was made up of about 100 men.
Spanish found New Mexico
The Spanish claimed this land after the battle of Acoma. Almost a year later, they named the capital city Santa Fe.
John Rolfe: Tobacco
John Rolfe found a way to perfect tobacco and eiminate the biterness of it. This made tobacco the main export of Virginia.
House of Burgesses
The House of Burgesses was the first form of self-government in the New World. In 1624, it was the reason the charter was revoked by King James I.
Charles II restored to English throne
Charles I (his father) was decapitated, therefore Charles II took the throne of England.
Barbados slave code adopted
Took all rights away from slaves and the owners had complete control over them .
Carolina colony created
English settlers came from Barbados to the new colony.They eventually had to leave because of the rapid growth of sugar cane industries.
Georgia colony founded
Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe.Georgia was also founded as a buffer zone to protect the Carolinas from the Spanish.
Grant defeats seymour for presidency
First presidental election to take place after the American Civil War. Grant was a republican and hayes was a democrat. Grant won, and he was by far the most popular northern hero to emerge from the war.
Fisk and Gould corner the gold market
They were two millionaire partners Fisk provided bass and Gould provided brains. They madly bid the price of gold skyward, while scores of honest buissnes people were driven to the wall. The won, and gold was released.
Tweed scandle in New York
Tweed emplyed bribery, graft, and fraudulent elections to milk the metropolis of as much as $200 million. New York times figured it out and published it in their paper and Tweeds luck had ran out.
The credit mobilier scandal exposed
Credit Mobilier was a pretend construction company chartered to build the Union Pacific Railroad by financing it with unmarketable bonds. Also, it provided a mechanism to dispense the immense profits from building the railroad to the board of directors and shareowners.
Panic of 1873
Bankers made too many laons to citizens. So, when profits failed to materialize and loans went upaid the whole credit based house of cards fluttered down. More than fifteen thousand buissnesses went bankrupt.
Civil Rights act of 1875
Also called the force act, It was a federal law that was enacted during the reconstruction era that gave african americans equal treatment in oublic places. The act became unconstitutional in 1883.
Hayes-Tilden election standoff and crisis
One of the most continuous and controversial elections in american history. Tilden had won the popular vote There were 20 votes that were unresolved. The compromise of 1877 was made to settle the dispute.
Compromise of 1877
Afraid there would be no preident on Inaugeration day. A month before Inauguration day the senate and house met together in an electric atmosphere to settle the disoute and it ended in the comrpmise of 1877.
Garfield defeats Hancock for presidency
It was seen as a referendum on the end of Reconstruction in Southern states carried out by the Republicans.
Garfield is assassinated; Arthur assumes presidency
Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a deranged man who wanted to be in office. Garfield battled for life for 11 weeks before he died. Guiteau's words when caught were, "I am a Stalwart. Arthur is now President of the United States."
Chinese Exclusion Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited all further immigrants from China to enter the United States. This act stayed in place until 1943.
Pendleton Act sets up Civil Service Commission
The Pendleton Act made it illegal for federal employees to make huge campaign contributions. It also established the Civil Service Commission to make appointments to federal jobs based on competitive examinations rather than "pull."
Cleveland defeats Blaine for presidency
Cleveland was the Democrat canidate. He was known as "Grover the Good" and had a good reputation.
Harrison defeats Cleveland for presidency
Harrison defeated Cleveland 233 electoral votes to 168 electoral votes. Cleveland was the popular canidate, but he still lost.
Thomas B. "Czar" Reed becomes Speaker of the House of Representatives
Thomas B. Reed was a Republican. He was electeed for his debate skills. Reed dominated the "Billion Dollar" Congress.
McKinley Tariff Act
The McKinley Tariff Act raised rates to their all-time high during peacetime. Average was 48.8 percent on dutiable goods.
Cleveland defeats Harrison and Weaver to regain presidency
Cleveland became the only president to become reelected into office after being defeated. The Populists had divided and the Republicans discredited.
Depression of 1893 begins
Lasted for 4 years. Caused by the splurge of overbuilding, labor disorders, and the ongoing agricultural depression.
Republicans regain the House of Representatives
During Cleveland's second term and the Depression of 1893. The Republicans had won 244 seats in the election.
J.P. Morgan loans $65 million in gold to federal government
The bankers agreed to lend the money in gold after tense negotiations. They charged commission to profit about $7 million dollars.