Ferdinand became an orphan when he was 10 years old.
A job as the queen's messenger
Ferdinand was given the job of messenger in the queen's court. He learned about ships while there.
A sailing expedition on the ocean
Ferdinand sailed with Portugal's first admiral, Francisco de Almedia.
Ferdinand makes a second voyage
Ferdinand went on another expedition to Melaka. The Portugese conquered Melaka.
Ferdinand begins planning his own voyage
Ferdinand decided to try sailing around the world. Portugal wouldn't finance his trip, so he asked the Spanish to help.
Ferdinand sets sail
Ferdinand left Spain with a ship full of prisoners and other sailors who joined up. It was a hard journey that took many months.
Aug 10, 1519
Departure from Seville.
Sep 20, 1519
Departure from Sanlúcar de Barrameda.
Dec 13, 1519
Entering the bay of Rio de Janeiro.
Dec 27, 1519
Departure from Rio de Janeiro.
Ferdinand makes new discoveries
While on their journey, Magellan saw many new sights. He was the first European to spot a "Magellan" penguin, and he saw and named a dwarf galaxy in the sky.
The Magellan Strait
Ferdinand sailed down the coast of South America to find a path across. He finally found one that he named the Magellan Strait, and he sailed through i
end of April:
Santiago is sent on a mission to find the passage. The ship is caught in a storm and wrecked. Survivors return to Puerto San Julián. Serrano (João Serrão) becomes captain of the Concepcion.
Encounters with the “Patagonian giants” (likely Tehuelche people).
End of October
San Antonio, charged to explore Magdalen Sound, fails to return to the fleet, instead sails back to Spain under Estêvão Gomes who imprisoned the captain de Mesquita. The ship arrives in Spain on May 21, 1521.
Jan 10, 1520
Entering the Río de la Plata.
Feb 27, 1520
Entering Bahia de los Patos.
Mar 31, 1520
Begin of the overwintering stay at Puerto San Julián.
Period: Apr 1, 1520 to Apr 2, 1520
Motín en Victoria , Concepción y San Antonio ;
muerte de Luis de Mendoza. Ejecución posterior de Quesada, abandono de Cartagena. Álvaro de Mesquita se convierte en capitán de San Antonio , Duarte Barbosa de Victoria .
Aug 24, 1520
Departure from Puerto San Julián.
Oct 11, 1520
Arriving at the Cape of the Eleven Thousand Virgins, entry to what would be known as Strait of Magellan
Nov 28, 1520
The fleet leaves the strait and enters the Pacific Ocean.
Ferdinand's ships land in Guam
Ferdinand's fleet sailed across the Pacific Ocean. They landed in Guam outside of Asia.
Ferdinand found enemies in the Philippine Islands. He was shot with an arrow and pierced with a spear, and he died in the Philippines.
Mar 15, 1521
Arrival of Magellan's expedition to one of the Philippine Islands.
They headed to Suluan and dropped anchor for a few hours of respite." Suluan is a small island in the province of Eastern Samar. They then next dropped anchor at Homonhon, another small island in the province of Eastern Samar. They were detected by the boats of Rajah Kolambu who was visiting Mazaua, who later guided them to Cebu, on April 7.
May 1, 1521
At a local banquet Barbosa is murdered and Serrano captured, later killed.
The three remaining ships escape
May 2, 1521
There are not enough men to handle three ships, thus the worm-infested Concepcion is burned down.
Two ships remain: Victoria and Trinidad. Gonzalo Gomez de Espinosa becomes captain of the Victoria. Joao Lopez Carvalho is Captain General. The ships sail to Mindanao and Brunei.
May 27, 1521
Death of Magellan participating in the Battle of Mactan.
Serrano and Barbosa are voted co-commanders.
Sep 21, 1521
Carvalho is replaced by Martin Mendez as Captain General
Espinosa becomes captain of the Trinidad and Juan Sebastián Elcano captain of the Victoria.
Nov 8, 1521
Arriving at Tidore in the Moluccas.
Dec 21, 1521
Victoria under the command of Elcano
Victoria under the command of Elcano leaves the Moluccas to return home sailing west towards the Cape of Good Hope. Trinidad remains at Tidore for repairs.
Ferdinand's ships continue without him
Magellan's fleet of ships continued to the Spice Islands without him, and then they set sail for Spain.
The ships return home
At the beginning of the voyage there were five ships and 250 men. When they returned to Spain there was only 1 ship and 18 men.
Jan 25, 1522
Victoria reaches Timor and starts to cross the Indian Ocean.
Apr 6, 1522
Trinidad under the command of Espinosa leaves the Moluccas
Trinidad under the command of Espinosa leaves the Moluccas heading home sailing east. After five weeks, Espinosa decides to return to the Moluccas where he and his ship are captured by a Portuguese fleet under Antonio de Brito.
May 22, 1522
Victoria passes the Cape of Good Hope and enters the Atlantic Ocean.
Jul 9, 1522
Reaching Santiago, Cape Verde
Sep 6, 1522
Victoria returns to Sanlucar, completing the circumnavigation.
Sep 8, 1522
Victoria arrives at Seville
The Magellan Clouds
One of the galaxies that Ferdinand discovered was later named the Magellan Clouds in his honor.
The 500 year mark
Historians are planning the 5th Centenary of the first navigation of the globe. Celebrations are being planned around the world.