Christopher columbus santa maria 1492

European colonization of 'Murica

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus first voyage

    -Led three ships: Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
    -Sailed out of the spanish port of Palos
    -Columbus' crew was almost overcome by mutiny
  • Period: Aug 18, 1492 to Aug 18, 1504

    The four voyages of Columbus started the European exploration, colonization, and exploitation of the New World

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus discovers the new world

    Columbus discovers the new world
  • Aug 18, 1493

    Columbus went back to the west Indies

    Columbus went back to the west Indies
    -He took 17 ships and 1,500 soldiers, colonists, and priests
    -Forced the local "Indians" to mine gold and took it back to Spain
    -Thought he had reached Asia
  • May 18, 1497

    Cabot tried to reach India

    Cabot tried to reach India
    -Claimed Labrador and Newfoundland for England
    -Ship named the Mathew
  • Aug 18, 1498

    Columbus' thrid voyage

    Columbus' thrid voyage
    -Discovers South America
  • Aug 18, 1499

    Vespucci sailed along the Atlantic ocean in search of India

    Vespucci sailed along the Atlantic ocean in search of India
    -Explored South America's Northern coast and traveled beyond the mound of the Amazon
    -on his second trip he realized he had found an entirely new continent and not India
  • Aug 18, 1506

    Columbus died

    Columbus died
  • Aug 18, 1507

    New world named after Americus Vespucius

    New world named after Americus Vespucius
  • Period: Aug 18, 1510 to Aug 18, 1513

    Balboa explored the coast of present day Panama and Traveled across the isthmusto to the pacific ocean

  • Aug 19, 1513

    Spaniard Ponce de Leon makes landfalll in Florida

    -Cousins to Christopher Columbus
    -Accompanied Columbus on his second voyage
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Protestant Reformtion, led by Martin Luther is launched in Europe

  • Aug 18, 1519

    Cortes and 500 soldiers set off for Mexico

    Cortes and 500 soldiers set off for Mexico
  • Period: Aug 18, 1519 to Aug 18, 1522

    Magellan set off the find an atlantic to pacific passage

    _Found the passage at the southern tip of South America
    -Found the Philipeans but died there because of a local war
    -His crew continued without him and became the first to circumnavigate the world
  • Period: Aug 18, 1520 to Aug 18, 1530

    Pizarro traveled twice to South America

    -Saw the riches of the Inca in Peru
  • Aug 18, 1524

    Verranzzano and Gomez was commissioned to locate a NorthWest passage

    Verranzzano and Gomez was commissioned to locate a NorthWest passage
  • Aug 18, 1528

    Cabeza do Vaca explores southern United States

    Cabeza do Vaca explores southern United States
  • Aug 18, 1532

    Pizarro took an army and captured the Inca ruler: Atahualpa

    Pizarro took an army and captured the Inca ruler: Atahualpa
  • Aug 18, 1533

    The Spanish conqured the Inca

    The Spanish conqured the Inca
    -Conqured the Aztec empire with the help form their allies the Native Americans and Smallpox
  • Aug 18, 1534

    Jacques Cartier explored the St. Lawrence River as far as present day Montreal

    Jacques Cartier explored the St. Lawrence River as far as present day Montreal
  • Aug 18, 1541

    Do Soto discovers the Mississippi River

    Do Soto discovers the Mississippi River
  • Aug 18, 1562

    Jean Ribault headed an epedition that explored the St. Johns River area in Florida

    Jean Ribault headed an epedition that explored the St. Johns River area in Florida
  • Aug 18, 1565

    Founding of St. Augustine

    Founding of St. Augustine
  • Aug 18, 1567

    Drake explores coast of California(unknowingly)

    Drake explores coast of California(unknowingly)
  • Aug 18, 1576

    Frobisher discovers northwest passage

    Frobisher discovers northwest passage
    -Frobisher Strait
  • Raleigh sends first expedition to America

    Raleigh sends first expedition to America
  • The first English settlement, the Roanoke Colony, is established

  • Virginia Dare is the first English child born in the Roanoke Colony

  • Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    Defeat of the Spanish Armada
  • Acadia settled by the French

    Acadia settled by the French
  • Founding of Jamestown, Virginia

    Founding of Jamestown, Virginia
  • Captain John Smith is captured by the Powhatans at Werowocomoco

  • Samuel De Champlain built a fort at Quebec and explored the area North to port Royal, Nova Scotia, and South to Cape Cod

    Samuel De Champlain built a fort at Quebec and explored the area North to port Royal, Nova Scotia, and South to Cape Cod
  • Hudson's third voyage

    Hudson's third voyage
    -Traveled through the Arctic ocean but redirected SouthWest
    -Traveled past Nova Scotia and along the coast of North America
  • Hudson discovers the Hudson River

    Hudson discovers the Hudson River
  • Colonists' plant and harvest native tobacco in Virginia

  • Period: to

    During that winter nearly 440 settlers of Jamestown died because of what is known as Starving Time

  • The newly formed New Netherland company obtained a grant from the Dutch Government for the territiory between New France and Virginia

    The newly formed New Netherland company obtained a grant from the Dutch Government for the territiory between New France and Virginia
  • Tobacco farmer John Rolfe marries Pocahontas, daughter of Cheif Powhatan

  • First assembly meets at Jamestown

    First assembly meets at Jamestown
    -Slaves first sold in Virginia
  • Coming of the Pilgrims in the "Mayflower"

    Coming of the Pilgrims in the "Mayflower"
  • The Pilgrims celebrate the first Thanksgiving at Plymouth

  • The West India Company settled groups of colonists on Manhattan Island and at Fort Orange

    The West India Company settled groups of colonists on Manhattan Island and at Fort Orange
  • Manhattan Island was bought by Peter Minuit from Native Americans

  • The first public school in America was established

  • Harvard college in Massachusetts is founded

  • Cambridge, massachusetts is where the first colonial printing press is located

  • New England makes Slavery legal

  • Rhode Island passes the first law within the colonies making SLavery illegal

  • Cotton Mather was born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Marquette and Joliet cross Lake Michigan into Wisconsin

  • Earliest attacks against colonists begins King Philip's War

  • Declaration of the people of Virginia leads to Bacon's Rebellion

  • Colonists in North Carolina rebel against taxation by the English

  • Pennsylvania is establishedby William Penn

  • King William's War starts to spread to the colonies

  • Salem Witch trials take place in a village in Massachusetts

  • The parliament in England passes the Wool Act

  • The Virginia Black Code is passes in Virginia

  • Benjamin Franklin is born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Act of the Union combines England, Scotland, and Wales as part of the United Kingdom

  • Post Office Act passes in the England parliament

    -Begins a postal system in the colonies
  • The French establishes New Orleans

  • Population at the American colonists number 475,000

  • George Washington of Virginia is born

  • The first copper coins of the colony were minted in Connecticut

  • Delegates from seven colonies met at the Albany Congress

  • French and Indian War ends with the signing of the treaty of paris