Prince Henry of portugal conquered the muslim city of Ceuta in North Africa. This showed him the wealth beyond europe, which led him to begin sending more explorers.
May 29, 1453
Sultan Mehmed II led the Turks to a great victory when they captured Constantinople. This expanded the empire greatly and led to a period of growth and prosperity.
Jan 1, 1488
The explorer Bartolomeu Dias began his voyage to reach India by going around Africa. He reached the southern tip of Africa when there was a storm and his crew were running out of food, so they headed back to Portugal
Aug 3, 1492
Christopher Columbus was an italian who explored for Spain. He convinced Isabella of spain to send him on a voyage to discover a route to Asia. On october 12 he arrived in San Salvador thinking he reached Asia.
Jan 1, 1497
Portugal Vasco Da Gama
Vasco de Gama was a portugese explorer who wanted to reach India using the route that Bartolomeu Dias had discovered. Him and his crew set out to India and arrived in 1498.
May 2, 1497
John Cabot was an explorer who sailed for England, He had 1 ship and 18 men on his first voyage he founded Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. His second voyage failed and never returned,
Jan 1, 1500
Portugese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral arrived at the shore of what is present day Brazil and claimed it for his country.
Jan 1, 1500
Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil for Portugal.
Jan 1, 1507
Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian who was exploring for Portugal. He traveled to the eastern coast of South America and discovered that it was not part of Asia, but was part of a " new world".
Jan 1, 1508
Spanish explorer Balboa arrived in Panama and founded a city there. He was the first european to see the Pacific ocean from the Americas. When he came back he was beheaded by his boss.
Jan 1, 1513
Juan Ponce de Leon explored for Spain. He landed on the coast of present day Florida and claimed it for Spain.
Nov 8, 1519
The spanish explorer Hernan Cortes arrived in Tenochtitlan and killed Moctezuma II. He then took control of the aztec empire and destroyed it completely
Jan 1, 1521
Spanish Explorer Ferdinand Magellan took a fleet of 5 ships and 275 men and voyaged to the philipines to settle their. They returned with 1 ship and 18 men but claimed Philipines for Spain
Jan 1, 1524
Giovvani Da Verrazano was an Italian in service of France. He sailed to North America to find a route to the Pacific, but he arrived in what is now New York Harbor.
Jan 1, 1532
Francisco Pizzaro took a small force and ventured into South America. He kidnapped the Incan rebel leader and then took control over the Incan empire for 10 years.
A company of London investors convinced King James to sign a charter that would allow them to found a colony in North America. They reached Virginia and named their settlement Jamestown in honor of thier king.
Samuel de Chaplain was a french explorer who sailed up St. Lawrence with 32 colonists. They founded Quebec which was the base of the French colonies in America, they called it the New France.
Henry Hudson, an English man who worked for the Dutch, sailed west searching for a route to Asia. He didn't find a route to asia, but he found three places that were named after him, Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and the Hudson Strait.
A group called the Pilgrims founded Plymouth in Massachussets. They were searching for religious freedom so they founded a colony where there was religious freedom.
The Dutch took control of the present day Netherlands from Spain.
The english king Charles II allowed his brother to kick the dutch out of New Netherland. The dutch surrendered and the english named it New York.
France de la Salle
Sieur de la Salle the french explorer explored the great lakes and the Mississipi river. He claimed the entire valley for France and named it Louisiana in honor of the french king
Saudi Arabia First State
The first Saudi State was established when Shiekh Muhammed bn Abdul Wahab settled in Diriyah, and then prince Muhammed bin Saud supported him in his quest to cleanse the distorted practices of Islam.