The Cold War

  • Chinese Cival War Starts

    Japanese invaded China, it was between Nationalists and communists.
  • Truman Doctrine

    , A U.S. Policy by President Harry Truman that freed nations threatened by internal or external opponents, mainly communism.
  • Marshall Plan

    A U.S. program to help any European country that needed it.
  • Period: to

    Berlin Blockade/ Airlift

    The Soviet Union blockaded Berlin from the rest of the world. America and British officials flew in food and supplies into Berlin in order to break the blockade
  • NATO

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Defensive military alliance formed by Canada, the U.S. and ten Western European Nations. It was created because of the fear of Soviet aggression.
  • Korean War Starts

    North Korea went through 38 parallel and surprise attack on South Korea.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Military alliance formed by the soviet union and seven Eastern European Countries. It was a response to NATO.
  • Hungarian Uprising

    Hungarian army and protesters joined to overthrow the government.
  • USSR develops atomic bomb

    -Soviet Union made their own atomic bomb after the U.S. did.
  • Sputnik Launched

    Soviet unmanned satellite that made U.S. government give more money into science, mathematics, and foreign languages.
  • U-2 incident

    Soviets shot down a U-2 plane and captured its pilot. This brought mistrust and tensions between the superpowers.
  • Berlin Wall

    USSR builds a wall preventing East Berliners from leaving.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Khrushchew secretly began building 42 missle sites in Cuba and then it was discovered by an American spy plane.
  • Vietnam War Starts

    American planes bombed North Korea. The U.S. focused on the skies.
  • Revolt in Czechoslovakia

    Communist parties enforce laws that limited human rights, freedom of speech, and religion. It was known as the prague spring and armed forces from Warsaw pact nations invaded Czechoslovakia to prevent satellite from rejecting communists.
  • Civil War in Nicaragua Starts

    Communist Sandinista rebelled to Somoza’s son. Soviet Union and the U.S. aid them.
  • Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

    Soviets Afghan communists to react quickly and withdraw.
  • Berlin Wall Falls

    Egon Krenz, East German leader, opened the Berlin Wall. Berliners climbed the wall & celebrated.
  • Reunification of Germany

    People feared that a united that a united Germany would try to dominate Europe. Germans learned from the past and believed in a democracy with human rights.
  • August Coup

    Tanks went into Moscow to ensure disobedience.
  • Fall of U.S.S.R.

    Coup attempt angered communist party. Republic started declaring independence