The Classical Period

Timeline created by gabydelag17
In Music
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    Pietro Metastasio

    Court poet who was the most important author of librettos for the 18th century. His libretti were set over 800 tines in the 18th and 18th century. He wrote 27 three act heroic operas, 8 oratorios, serenatas, poems, and other dramatic works.
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    Giovanni Battista Sammartini

    Galant Italian composer and innovator of the Milan Symphony, He wrote symphonies, concertos, overtures, quartets, sonatas, 5 stage works, sacred and secular music.
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    Farinelli (Carlo Broschi)

    One of the most famous castrati in the 18th century. He was trained by Porpora.
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    Franz Xaver Richter

    German composer, teacher, singer, and was the innovator of the string quartet. One of the foremost Mannheim composers. He composed symphonies, concertos, sonatas, oratorios, masses, motets, cantatas, and string quartets.
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    Wilhelm Friedemann Bach

    German composer who was the son of J.S. Bach. He is known as the "Halle Bach" for his work in that town. He wrote keyboard works, concertos, chamber music, sinfonias, cantatas, and writings.
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    Prince Nikolaus J. Eszterhazy

    Haydn's patron and employer until 1790.
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    Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

    Oldest son of J.S. Bach who wrote in classical and baroque style. He worked for 30 years in Berlin for Fredrick the Great. He composed symphonies, keyboard works, hundreds of sonatas, concertos, arias, songs, choral music, and theoretical works.
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    Christoph Willibald Gluck

    German opera- reform composer, often considered Baroque. He created a new balance between music and drama. He was jealous of Mozart. He composed operas, ballets, some vocal works, and a few sonatas.
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    Johann Stamitz

    Galant symphonic innovator in Mannheim. He was a conductor, violinist, and teacher who helped establish the symphonic genre. He composed 58 symphonies, concertos, chamber music, orchestral trios, and sacred vocal works.
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    Leopold Mozart

    Father of W.A. Mozart who was a composer, violinist, theorist, and teacher. He composed vocal and choral works, chamber music, symphonies, keyboard works, concertos, and writings.
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    Dr. Charles Burney

    Music historian, author, and organist who traveled Europe and wrote about his observations. He wrote histories and memoirs.
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    Franz Joseph Haydn

    A primary Austrian composer who served as an innovator and mover within the new classic style. He was a teacher, keyboardist, and violinist. He composed 106 symphonies, 83 string quartets, 20 operas, choral music, chamber music, and piano works.
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    Johann Christian Bach

    Son of J.S. Bach who was influenced by his friend, Mozart. He set up concert series with Abel in London. He composed symphonies, operas, church music, keyboard works, and concertos.
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    Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart

    German composer, poet, keyboardist, and writer who was praised for his keyboard playing by Burney. He composed songs and keyboard works.
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    Luigi Boccherini

    Italian composer and cellist who wrote 91 string quartets, more than 90 string quintets, sonatas, sextets, octets, symphonies, choral music, and arias.
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    William Billings

    Most prominent composer in New America. He was a singing teacher, but not the strongest composer. He composed Psalms, hymns, and writings.
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    Giuseppe Maria Cambini

    Italian composer and violinist who was very popular and prolific in his day. He composed 10 operas, sacred and secular vocal works, 80 symphonies, 149 string quartets, and chamber music.
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    Domenico Cimarosa

    Italian composer who was a central figure in opera in the late 18th century. He composed 65 operas, oratorios, masses, 6 quartets, and keyboard works.
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    Lorenzo Da Ponte

    Italian librettist and poet. He collaborated with Mozart. He moved to the U.S. and was professor at Columbia College in NY.
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    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    German poet and writer who was a literacy enforcer behind Romanticism. Composers still set his works to music.
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    Antonio Salieri

    Italian composer and teacher who functioned in the transitional periods between the Galant and the classic. Then again between the classic and the romantic. He composed 46 operas, oratorios, masses, liturgical music, cantatas, 180 canons, chamber music, arias, some orchestral music, and pedagogical works.
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    Muzio Clementi

    English composer who was a keyboardist, teacher, music publisher, and piano manufacturer. He composed sonatas, chamber music, symphonies, and pedagogical works.
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    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Austrian child prodigy who wrote in all genres. His best innovations were in operas. He represents the epitome of the classical style today. He was one of the best musicians and composers of all time. He composed 20 operas, piano concertos, other concertos, symphonies, sonatas, choral music, chamber music, songs, and other vocal works.
  • Sturm und Drang

    New style featured more emotional expression, which led to more compositions in minor. It was founded originally in German Literature.
  • Industrial Revolution began

    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the United States.
  • Mozart's first symphony

    Mozart composed his first symphony at the age of 8.
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    American Revolution

    The American Revolution was primarily caused by colonial opposition to British attempts to impose greater control over the colonies and to make them repay the crown for its defense of them during the French and Indian War (1754–63).
  • More use of Clarinet

    The clarinet was now being commonly used in the orchestral and chamber music. This gave the composer a new tone color to manipulate in the music.
  • Patented piano

    A patented version of the piano merged in England. From this, the piano undergoes changes that strengthened and expanded its versatility.
  • George Washington Elected

    George Washington becomes Americas first president.
  • Bill of Rights

    The United States Bill of Rights comprises the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution and was ratified.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from France in 1803. In return for fifteen million dollars, the United States nominally acquired a total of 828,000 sq mi.