The Phonograph-Invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison
-First method of recording and playing sound.
The Gramophone-invented by Emile Berliner in Washington D.C.
-First invention to start recording on flat discs.
-Originally made of glass, then zinc and eventually plastic.
LP's-First invented in 1948.
-Also known as ‘the album
-Many different sizes: 33 1/3”, 7”, 12” and 10”
Multitrack Recording-Invented in 1962, experiments started for a multitrack recorder in late 1940’s by Les Paul.
-Artist such as the Beatles and the Beach boys used the multitrack recorder.
-Utilised in World War I
-Still used today.
Cassette Tapes-Invented in 1963 by Phillips.
-Became the most popular form of music media in several years.
-In the 70’s it became possible to record your own music off records or the radio.
-Portable cassette players were also released revolutionising the music industry as you could now listen to music on the go.
Cassette Tape Player (Walkman)-The first of Sony’s portable cassette tape players went on sale on July 1st, 1979.
-Began the transition for other formats such as CD, mini-disc, MP3 and streaming music.
-Over 200 million cassette players sold.
-Sony retired the classic Walkman line in 2010.
CD (Compact Disc)-The first CD ever made was pressed on August 17, 1982.
-The first CD pressed was ABBA’s ‘The Visitors’ album.
-Reached the shelves in November 1982.
-CD players were introduced. Selling for US$1000
Discman-Invented in 1984 by Sony.
-Took over the Walkman.
-Release in Japan and valued at 49,800 yen.
-Ran on batteries.
Recordable CD's-Invented by Hewlett Packard in September 1995,
-Took 3 years to overtake LP’s as the top selling music.
Mp3 Player-First successful Mp3 player was released in 1997, although investigation into Mp3 technology began in 1987.
-known as AMP MP3 playback engine.
-FM and AM radio available through Mp3 players.
NAPSTER-Released in 2000.
-Allowed people to easily share their song files with each other.
-Led to a drop in recording sales.
-Shut down by court order in 2001.
-Developed an idea of free online file sharing.
iPod-Released in 2001 by Apple.
-Over 7 years, 14 different versions of the iPod have been introduced.
-Began with the ‘Classic’.
-First 3 ‘Classic’ ranged between 5 and 40GB
-Can hold photos, music and videos.
-Offers Wi-Fi and Multi tough interface.
iTunes-Released in 2003 to accompany the iPod.
-Allows you to manage audio and video on your computer.
-Make playlists, edit files and information, record CD’s, purchase music.