The British in India

Timeline created by Amabate343
In History
  • 1275

    Marco Polo

    Marco Polo
    Marco Polo returned to Venice, again via the Silk Road routes, in 1295, just as the Mongolian Empire was decline. His journeys across the Silk Road became the basis for his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, which gave Europeans a better understanding of Asain commerce and culture.
  • 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    Fall of Constantinople
    The closing of the Silk Road forced merchants to take to the sea thus initiating the Age of Discovery which led to world-wide interaction and the beginnings of a global community. Its closure would propel Europeans across the ocean to explore, and eventually conquer, the so-called New World of the Americans. In this way, the Silk Road can be said to have established the groundwork for the development of the modern world.
  • 1498

    Vasco Da Gama

    Vasco Da Gama
    Being born in 1460 and sailing from Lisbon in 1497 on a mission to reach India, Vasco Da Gama reached India in May of 1498. He sailed down the western coast of Africa and rounded the Cape of Good Hope, during his expedition he made numerous stops in Africa before reaching the trading post of Calicut, India. He was the first European to reach India by sea.
  • Queen Elizabeth gave English Royal Charter

    Queen Elizabeth gave English Royal Charter
  • Battle of Plassey

    Battle of Plassey
    British East India Company force's victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies. They purchased the Bengali land and treasury—over the nawab (provincial governor or viceroy) of Bengal and his French allies led to the "company rule in India" or "Company Raj," as what is known among Indians.
  • United States gain Independence

    United States gain Independence
  • Sepoy/Indian Mutiny

    Sepoy/Indian Mutiny
    A failed, year long uprising amongst Indian Troops(Sepoys) that were serving the British East India Company that spread throughout India and was known as the "First War of Independence". Due to an ever growing level of Westernization, the conceived idea that British were degrading Indian traditional Culture, and increasing level of Sepoy discontent, multiple events took place involving mutinous actions over the course of a year including the Mutineers seizure of Dehli on May 10, 1857
  • Invention of Electricity

    Invention of Electricity
  • Death of Mahatma Gandhi's father

    Death of Mahatma Gandhi's father
  • New Zealand first country to grant women suffrage

    New Zealand first country to grant women suffrage
  • Mahatma Gandhi Train Incident

    Mahatma Gandhi Train Incident
    A white man objected to Gandhi's presence in a first-class carriage and was ordered to move to the carriage at the end of the train. Gandhi had a first-class ticket but refused, and therefore was thrown off the train. Gandhi made a decision to stay in South Africa and fight the racial discrimination against Indians there. Out of that struggle emerged his unique version of nonviolent resistance, Satyagraha.
  • Creation of the Muslim League

    Creation of the Muslim League
    Strong advocacy for the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan. Its goals were to protect the interests, liberties, and rights of Muslims and to promote an understanding between the Muslim community and other Indians. Promoted non-violence.
  • Lucknow Pact

    Lucknow Pact
    An agreement reached between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League which allowed the overrepresentation to religious minorities in the provincial legislatures. This was the first time that Hindus and Muslims made a joint demand to the British for political reform. Now it was seen that Home Rule in British India was actually possible. The relationship between both parties had increased dramatically.
  • Massacre at Amritsar

    Massacre at Amritsar
    Troops of the British Indian Army under command Colonel Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab. The Indians were there celebrating the Sikh new year. More than 1,100 were wounded and 379 dead. It is estimated though that more than 1,000 died. Dyer was censured and forced to retire by the House of Common in July 1920. He only stopped firing because he ran out of ammo. He became a celebrated hero in the UK. End British Rule in India.
  • Quit India Speech

    Quit India Speech
    A Speech made by Mahatma Gandhi on the day before the Quit Indian Movement. He delivered this speech in Mumbai, and had a Do or Die attitude toward this address. The motive for his speech was to help India gain its independence. Soon after he delivered this speech the Congressional leadership was put into confinement for the rest of the war.
  • Partition of India

    Partition of India
    It accompanied the creation of two independent dominions (colony, territory), India and Pakistan. India gained its independence from the British after 350 year of their presence due to tensions between Hindus and Muslims living in the country. Roughly 200,000 to 2 million people died, and 14 million people were displaced.
  • Assassination of Gandhi

    Assassination of Gandhi
    Mahatma Gandhi was killed by a Hindu extremist named Nathuram Vinayak Godse. He was shot three times at the Birla House where he conducted his multi-faith prayer meetings. The reason to which why he was killed was because the assassin did not like Gandhi's preach of peace within Pakistan. Thirteen days of mourning followed his death, along with no public entertainment, and flags at half mask. The assassin was sentenced to death on November 8, 1949, and was hanged on November 15, 1949.
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    Silk Route Road

    The Silk Road was a network of trade routes connecting China and the Far East with the M.E. and Europe. Established when the Han Dynasty in China officially opened trade with the West in 130 BC, the routes remained in use until 1453 AD when the Ottoman empire boycotted trade with China and closed them. Although it's ben nearly 600 years since the Silk Road has been used for international trade, the routes had a lasting impact on commerce culture and history that resonates even today.
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    Indian Civil Service

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    World War I

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    The Salt March

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    World War 2