Spread of Islam

  • 560


    Makkah was an important trade post and center for religion in Arabia. It was located near a fresh-water well making it an ideal place to live for the diverse population consisting of Arabs, Jews, Christians etc.
  • 560


    The Arabs were mostly nomadic at the time; Bedouins. The actual ancient origins of these people are disputed - Africa/Mesopotamia. The Arabs valued camels and swords highly, had no real central government and they had religious beliefs surrounding polytheism or many gods.
  • 560


    The Quraysh were a powerful tribe local to the Arabs and they highly encouraged tribes to deposit idols in the Kaaba and would keep them safe for a small fee.
  • 570

    Birth of Muhammad

    Born into Hashim family of the Quraysh tribe. His mother was told by angels to name the child Muhammad, meaning highly praised.
  • Period: 576 to 595

    Muhammad Growing Up

    Muhammad lost his mother when he was just six (his father died before his birth). He was raised by his uncle, Abu Talib. As a young man, he worked for a wealthy widow and eventually got married to her, and ended up having 7 kids. He had a reputation as a seeker of being only or solitude.
  • Period: Nov 3, 610 to Nov 4, 611

    First Revelations

    Muhammad was disturbed by the problems all around him and retreated into solitude in the mountains. His time spent here would help form the basis for Islam today specifically the holiday, Ramadan. In the mountains, he saw the angel Gabriel who told him the word of Allah commanding him to recite it and share it with his people.
  • Nov 3, 612

    Becoming a Preacher

    Muhammad decided at last to share his vision based off of what Gabriel had told him. He began preaching it and seeing himself as a part of the line of great biblical prophets. Muslims came to see him as a messenger or prophet for the religion. He taught that Allah was the only God that people should worship but neither Jews or Christians should be forced to convert.
  • Nov 3, 617

    Discrimination in Mecca

    Muhammad and his followers were declared to be boycotted by the leaders of the city leaving them all without food and facing starvation. During the two-year boycott, he lost his wife and his last living relative Abu Talib. Near this time he had another powerful vision.
  • Nov 3, 621

    First Islamic Community

    A group of tribes from Yathrib came to Mecca to talk to Muhammad about how they were tired of internal fighting. He helped them convert to Islam creating the first Islamic community.
  • Nov 3, 622

    Muhammad's Exodus of Mecca

    Muhammad recognized the danger that the Muslims were in, in Mecca and left the city moving to Yathrib. Due to this, the Quraysh were angered by this but Muhammad was very successful with the Yathrib tribes and combined all of the religious groups in the community and promised to respect them all and the settlement became known as the city of Medina.
  • Nov 3, 632

    Death of Muhammad

    Muhammad at his death had already united most of the region under his leadership and the religion of Islam. Islam continued to spread after his death as there are near 1.5 billion Muslims in the world all whom are followers of Muhammad despite him living thousands of year in the past.
  • Nov 10, 633

    Riddah Wars

    Then name for Abu Bakr's military campaigns against ex-Muslims and the redirection of fighting in smaller Arab Groups.
  • Nov 10, 634

    Abu Bakar Contributions

    Abu Bakr was the caliph following Muhammad who wanted to reunite the community. Abu Bakr helped connect the community over the teaching of the Quran and did a great deal in redirecting infighting particularly among smaller Arab groups toward other empires.
  • Nov 10, 634

    Abu Bakr - Byzantine Interactions

    Abu declared jihad or holy war on the Byzantine Empire, however, he died nearly right after.
  • Period: Nov 10, 634 to Nov 11, 656

    Umar and Uthman Contributions

    The two caliphs following Muhammad and Abu Bakr - both worked vigorously towards Arab Unity. They helped administer the new lands conquered by Arab Armies and they were the ones who helped complete the finishing of the Quran. This helped ensure that all Arabs were adknowledging the same word.
  • Nov 10, 640

    Interactions with Persians

    The second empire that the Arabs attacked was the Persian Empire and they were able to conquer much land nearly all the way to the Atlantic.
  • Nov 10, 700

    Umayyad Dynasty

    The dynasty following the rules of Umar and Uthman who helped nearly double the size of the empire and expand it even larger.
  • Nov 10, 750

    Abbasid Dynasty

    The dyansty or rebels that overthrew the Umayyads and emerged remaining for the next 500 years.