Went on trip with father that lasted 17 years! And also wrote a book about what he saw,experienced, and new things he learned.
Period: Mar 12, 1260 to Jan 8, 1295
Wrote about his travels and put them into a book called "The Marvels of the World.
Period: Mar 12, 1400 to
Slavery starts in Europe and slaves from Africa are shipped over to Europe
Mar 12, 1450
Invented the printing press and helped Marco Polo's book become available.
Aug 1, 1492
Colombus Sets Sail West
Colombus sailed west with 3 small ships. (Santa Maria, Pinta, and the Nina)
Oct 12, 1492
I See Land!
Colombus finds land and claims it for Spain.
He discovered natives and called them Indians.
May 20, 1506
Was one of many individuals inspired by books and also he was convinced that the quickest way to get to the Indies was by going west, across the Atlantic Ocean.
Mar 12, 1507
On The Map
America is finally on maps in Europe.
Mar 18, 1513
Ponce de Leo'n had heard a rumor about a "Fountain of Youth", which made people famous again. Leo'n made it his mission to find it. On his travel he found a peninsula in N. America, which he called La Flordia, which meant "flowery".
Mar 12, 1519
In March of 1519 Hern'an Cort'ez arrives in Mexico with horses and over 500 conquistadors.
Conquistadors were spanish soldiers/explorers especially those who conquered the native peoples of Mexico and Peru.
Mar 15, 1519
When Cortez and the conquistadors arive at the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, the Aztec's where not sure what to make of the visitors the had never seen before. Some even thoughts Cortez was the great Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.
Mar 15, 1521
Takeover in Tenochtitlan
With the help of Indians who hated their Aztec rulers, Cortez conquered Tenchtitlan. 240,000 Aztecs died over a 80 day siege.
Mar 15, 1521
New Name=New Spain
The Spanish tore the city down and used the rubble to build Mexico City, the capital of the new Spanish empire called New Spain.
Mar 15, 1526
Pizarro capture the Inca leader Atahualpa and demanded 3 rooms of gold and silver for the life of the king. Even after the Inca's gave Piarro the treasure, he killed Atahualpa anyways. After this the Spanish went on to take over most of South America.
Mar 15, 1532
Smallpx helps Spain
A conquistador named Francisco Pizarro leads a powerful attack on the Inca Empire in Peru. Before the attack could emense, smallpox had already wiped out thousands of Incas and leaving the Empire divided
Mar 18, 1534
As Spanish ships were on their way home, their ships were also filled with gold and silver. Other nations wanted the wealth the Spainsh had. Soon France gets into the action.
Mar 18, 1534
France sends Jacques Cartier to explore the Atlantic coast of N.America to find a Northwest Passage.(An all water route through the North American continent to the Pacific Ocean.
Mar 18, 1534
Cartier Finds Passage
Cartier finds a passage and claims the land for France. (Which is now present day Caanada) And also names it New France.Cartier also finds something as valuable as Spanish gold, beaver fur.
The English Join The Party
Sir Walter Raleigh tries to start a colony on a tiny island of Roanoke. The natives were very friendly to the settlers. When supplies ran low, they all returned to England. John White, the leader of the settlers, returns to England for supplies. While White is in England fighting erupts between England and Spain. His trip ws delayed 3 years. When White returned all of the colonist were gone. Carved into a tree was the word "CROATON".
The Seven Cities
By the 1600's the Spainish had claimed areas from Flordia across present day, Texas, New Mexico,Arizona, and California.
The English Get Permanent
In 1607 a group of merchants (someone who sells and buys goods) formed the London Company. The London Compony put 144 settlers on three ships and sent them across the Atlantic.
The Downside of Jamestown
Swampy area with a lot of disease carrying mosquitoes. The area was also surrounded by a number of Native American tribes.
Settling New France
Samuel de'Champlain, sails up the Saint Lawerance River and builds a trading post he calls Quebec. For the next 150 years Quebec would be a base for French explorers,soldiers,missionaries,traders,and for trappers.
French Views of the Natives
The French were more interested in furs than farming, they did not try to conquer the Indians and put them to work like Spain. The French and the Indians became business partners.
A new leader takes over in Jamestown by the name of John Smith. His famous quote ("if any would not work...neither should he eat") The men were hungry so they worked.
John Rolfe discovered tobbaco. He grew it in Virginia and sold it in England for high prices. Rolfe married Pochahontas. The settlers were happy because they thought the marriage would help end the conflict with the Native Americans.
Enter The Dutch
While John Smith was trying to keep Jamestown civilized, Henry Hudson was exploring the coastline farther north for the Netherlands(the Dutch).
John Smith was injured in a gunpowder explosion and had to be sent back to England. The settlers ran low on food and soon started eating dogs,rats, and even other settlers. This period was refered to as the "Starving Time".
Dutch and Indian Relations
The Dutch made deals with members of te Iroquois Conferacy. As for the fur trade grew more and more Dutch made the trip to the New World. In 1647, the Dutch West India Company hired Peter Stuyvestant as the colony's new govenor. (Stuyvestant lost his right leg in battle, and people called him "Peg Leg Pete" and also "Old Silver Nails". He governed for 17 years.
I Love New Amsterdam (New York)
In 1664, King Charles II gave his brother, James Duke of York, ownership of all Dutch Island America. James accepted the challenge. So James organized a small invasion fleet to take the colony. When the English arrived, they sent Stuyvestant a letter demanding his surrender. The New Netherlands begged Stuyvestant to give in. The English took over New Amsterdam and called it New York.
Nine Years Later
Robert de LaSalle explored the entire Mississippi River and on April 9th, 1682, he planted a French flag at the mouth of the river and claimed everything west of the Mississippi River for France.
Salem Witch Trial
Titoba,Sarah Good, and Sarah O. had uncontrolable fits during trials which got them accused as witches.
Civil Rights is a fight for freedoms and equallity. The people involved are blacks,whites,women,ethnic minorities,homo sexuals,disabled and the elderly.
Top Civil Rights Moments
Bus Boycott,Emmett Till, Sit-In, Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white man, Martin Luther Kings "I Have A Dream Speech, and March on Washington.
When Christopher Colombus found this new land he also discovered natives, which he called Native Americans.
This is how we understand stories with written history 95% are primary sources.
5 W's of History
Why and How-Inquiry...The Investigation
Primary Source/ Documents
Primary Source-Individual or object with a direct link to the past
Documents-Diaries,speeches,letters,creative works of art,artifacts, and clothing.
Secondary Source/ Publications
Individual or object one or more steps from the event, not direct link. Of ten include primary sources.
Textbooks,magazine articles encyclopedia
The 5 Powerful Ideas of Social Studies
1.Commonality and diversity
2.Conflct and cooperation
3.Continuity and change
4.Individualism and interdepence
5.Interaction within different enviroment
5 themes of geography
1.Location-Where is it?
2.Place-What is it like there?
3,Human Enviroment Interactions-Who lives there and what do they do?
4.Movement-How diid they get there? (Not just people)
5.Regions-How is the place similar and different to other places?
Monarchy is a supreme ruler-a king/queen. For more than 200 years 43 of 44 presidents and their families lived in the White House.
Federal Government simply means states/regions give some of their powers to a central government. In the U.S. our Federal Government consist of: executive branch,legislative branch, and judicial branch.
Supreme Court Case: Mapp vs Ohio
There was a women named Dollree Mapp and she was a suspect of harboring a bomb and holding a criminal. The police entered her house without a search warrant and found dirty magazines (illegal). She was found guilty at the Ohio Supreme Court. But when at the U.S. Supreme court, she was found non-guilty because the 4th Amendment.
New Jersey vs. TLO
A female high school student in New Jersey, was caught smoking in her school bathroom. There was no school rule against it but it was against the law. The principal searches her belongings and finds other drugs. The student gets suspended then sues the school for violating the 4th ammendment. The Supreme Court says the school is non-guilty because they had a resonable cause to check her bags/belongings.
Federal vs State Governement
Federal (Big Brother) State (Little Brother). State government controls a certain state and only that state. Federal controls the entire country.
The 3 Branches of Federal Government
The 3 branches of federal government are the judical,legislative, and the executive branch. The judical branch interprets laws. The legislative branch creates the laws. Lastly, the executive branch enforces the laws.
The 13 Colonies
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Deleware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Colonist would have to wake up early to do their daily chores which would usually include: cutting wood, feeding farm animals, gathering eggs, and etc.
Gentry: Wealthy, Upper Class
Middle Class: farmers and artisians
Lower Class: farmhands and other workers
At the bottom:slaves and indentured servants
$24 dollars bought what?!
Peter Minuit offered the island Indians iron pots,beads, and blankets worth $24 in exchange for their land.
Are influenced by the peaceful protest and MLK. The Little Rock Nine. The S.C.L.C. marches to Selma with the peaceful protest theme.