Romantic Period (1810- 1890)

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    Hector Berlioz

    A French Composer, most famous for his composition Symphonie Fantastique, which was groundbreaking for being the first symphony with a program or overlying story.
  • Musical Inventions

    New instruments such as the oboe, saxophone, tuba, flute and piccolo were invented and improved upon during the romantic era. The lightbulb was invented in 1879 which drastically improved performance spaces and allowed for special effects in productions
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    A French Composer, and Pianist known for his soft handed piano playing, and the music he wrote for the piano. He invented the concept of the instrumental ballad.
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    Robert Schumann

    German Composer, pianist, who supported salon culture along with his wife Clara Schumann. Later in life he admitted himself to a mental hospital due to a steady decline in his mental health.
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    Commonly composed genres

    Commonly Composed genres include: The Symphony, Sonata, rhapsody, the nocturne, concert etude, polonaise, mazurka, the overture, and other program music.
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    Musical Styles

    The Romantic era brought with it the expansion of harmony and tonality, with many atonal pieces being written. As well as varying and modifying well known forms such as the sonata form. The orchestra also grew significantly especially in the wind and brass section to compensate for composers dramatic music.
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    Franz Liszt

    A Hungarian Composer and pianist. Was widely considered one of the greatest virtuosic pianist of his time. He is most known for creating the symphonic poem as well as his piano compositions.
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    Richard Wagner

    German Composer who only composed opera. Was known for his nationalist themes in his music as well as pushing tonality and harmony farther then anyone had before. Also known for being a open anti-Semite, and writing rhetoric that inspired the Nazi party.
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    Italian Composer known for his operas. Music was used as a anthem for many different causes during that time. Was considered the greatest opera composer of the Romantic period
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    Johannes Brahms

    Brahms was a German Composer, and pianist. He composed everything except opera. He was known to stick to the common forms and for his extensive melodies.
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    Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky

    A Russian Composer, was most known for his revolutionary ballets and orchestral works.