Post-Romanticism (1890-1930)

By Kiley13
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    Paul Gauguin

    A French Primitivism artist who was not appreciated until after his death. He is now recognized for his use of experimental colors and his distinct anti-impressionist art. (he also married multiple 13 and 14-year-olds)
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    Mahler composed Maximalistic pieces that made important expansions to symphonies and Lieder. A Viennese composer who was considered to be the heir to Mozart and Beethoven. He also Utilized aspects of music from non-Western cultures.
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    Debussy was the most important French composer of the early 20th century and was credited with composing the first modern orchestral work.
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    A German Maximalist composer who supported Wagner's use of chromaticism and expanded on it. Strauss made a name out of himself with the creation of tone poems and operas.
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    Schoenberg was an Austrian-American Expressionist composer and theorist. He is considered one of the most widely known and influential composers of the 20th century.
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    Ravel was a French Impressionist composer and was credited with writing the first Impressionist piano piece.
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    Stravinsky composed in many different musical styles. For example, the Russian Period, the French Period, the Neoclassical Period, and even the Serialist [US] Period.
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    Impressionism (1890s-1920s)

    One of the first anti-Romantic styles. Impressionism disregarded chord progression rules by creating music that was 'essentially tonal'.
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    Maximalism (1890s-1914)

    The end of the Romantic era when 19th-century music met its extremes. Maximalism uses extreme chromaticism, extreme sizes of performance groups, thick textures, and extreme use of theme and motives.
  • Prelude to 'The Afternoon of a Faun'

    A tone poem based on the symbolist Stephane Mallarme's poem. The Orchestral work contained many impressionistic pieces with poetic titles, anti-germanic music, and a vague tempo, key and meter.
  • Fin de siecle

    Composers began to act against the romantic style and its aesthetic by creating many new Post-Romantic styles as 1900 approached.
  • Primitivism

    A cultural attitude that has informed diverse aspects of modern art. Specifically catering to non-Western art, it alludes to specific stylistic elements of tribal objects.
  • Expressionism

    Expressionism focused completely on freeing music from tonality, therefore there were no longer any chord progression rules and pieces were completely atonal. Expressionism was based on a 12 tone method created by Arnold Schoenberg
  • The Rite of Spring

    A ballet composed by Igor Stravinsky, choreographed by Vaslar Nijinksy, and with costumes inspired by Picasso. A very controversial ballet that received great reviews as well as terrible reviews. The ballet showed scenes of pagan rituals, provocatively close women, and awkward or 'ugly' dancing.
  • Jazz

    The creation of jazz began around 1917 and composers absorbed musical traits from this style of music and incorporated it into their own.
  • 12-tone method

    This method was created in 1921 by Arnold Schoenberg, an Austrian-American composer. The 12-tone method was used predominantly in Expressionistic music.