Post romanticism picture


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    Gabriel Faure

    French composer
    Undisguised avant-garde
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    Gustav Mahler

    Maximalist composer
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    Claude Debussy

    Impressionist; French composer
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    Richard Strauss

    Maximalist composer from Germany
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    Erik Satie

    French composer
    Undisguised avant-garde
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    Arnold Schoenburg

    Austrian composer
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    Arthur Honegger

    Member of Les Six
    Only member that was born in Sweden
    Composed most of his works on commission
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    Anton Webern

    Austrian composer
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    Edgard Varese

    English composer who had a vision of musical timbres and modern orchestration techniques, which occasionally excluded the use of strings
    Non-tonal composer
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    Alban Burg

    Expressionist; Austrian composer
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    Louis Durey

    Member of Les Six
    Wrote songs for the French resistance during World War II
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    Style of music which musical elements were pushed to the extremes: It's notion was expansion, and it expanded forms, genres, and sizes of traditional music entities. The music was thick with motives and themes and was often used an orchestra.
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    Style held on to many musical elements while abandoning the traditional rules for each
    Music qualities were very vague
    Harmonies and textures were used for color and atmosphere, not tonal progression
    Quiet, dreamlike quality
    Harps and flutes were 2 major instruments
    Light, reflections, movement, water, color, soft images
    All notes are equal and the rules of chord progressions don't apply
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    Germaine Tailleferre

    Member of Les Six
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    Darius Milhaud

    Member of Les Six
    Rejected impressionism
    American jazz had some influence on his work
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    Francis Poulenc

    Member of Les Six
    Self taught but had musical tutors
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    Georges Auric

    Member of Les Six
    Ran SACEM
    Music journalist
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    Undisguised avant-garde

    Composers Erik Satie (1866-1925) and Gabriel Faure (1845-1924) were not very fond of the Wagnerian style, and they attempted to step out of the Romantic aestheticism. Artist Marcel Duchamp's (1887-1968) presentation of a sculptural urinal, "Fountain" was a huge expression against Romanticism.
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    Return to the 19th century
    Used similar forms, textures, and topics from the past to combine them with the then modern harmonies, tonality, and timbres
    -some of the new musical elements were polyrhythms and polytonalities, which resulted in a lot of complex music
    -melodies were not main focus of compositions
    -new conceptions of harmonies included polychords, polytonalities, and atonalities
    A popular neo-classist was Igor Stravinsky
    -used complex rhythms
    -used sharp dissonance
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    Western visual art movement, which borrowed non-Western subjects (often naive and folklike); a sensible attitude that informed diverse aspects of modern art
    Popular composers
    -Paul Ganguin (1848-1903)
    -Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971): "Rite of Spring" uses vigorous, repetitive ostinatos that demonstrated musical aspects of this movement
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    Founded in Germany and Austria
    Focused on freeing music from tonality
    Composers: Arnold Schoenburg (1874-1951), and his students; Alban Berg (1885-1935), and Anton Webern (1883-1945)
    All notes are equal, and thus there is no "home" pitch or tonic to return to
    Stark images, strong lines, bold images, static subjects
  • Pierrot lunaire

    Pierrot lunaire
    Song cycle
    -21 (bizarre) poems from Belgian symbolist poet, Albert Giraud's "Pierrot lunaire," which was divided into 3 sets of 7 poems
    -Written for
    Solo voice
    Clarinet/bass clarinet
    _It is about a sad, drunk clown who becomes ridden with guilt and then climbs from the depths of depression to a more playful mood while still having thoughts of guilt, but eventually he becomes sober.
  • Rite of Spring

    Rite of Spring
    -Music by Igor Stravinsky
    -Cherographed by Vaslar Nijinsky
    -Produced by Sergey Diaghilev
    -Costumes inspired by Pablo Picasso
    -showed scenes of pagan Russian rituals
    -music was rhythmically forceful that orchestra seemed to use a hammer to play it
    -music and story were radical
    -received an "X" rating but now would be considered PG-13
    -caused a riot
    -lots of polyrhythms and polychords
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    World War I

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    Movement of anti-art thinking in which various types of artists reacted against war and the bourgeois in Europe
    It attracted various artists including painters, poets, the literary, etc. Many supporters began to question society's standards of art. The artists associated with the movement created the way into modernist thinking, which led to more questioning of traditional artistic expectations.
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    Les Six

    A group of French composers who banded together; Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc, and Germaine Tailleferre
    Concerts and Publicity
    -Le Coq et l'Arlequin (1918)
    -Le Boeuf surle toit
    -L'Album des Six (an album they did in 1920)
    -Les maries de la tour Eiffel (1921)
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    Style of music that focused on elements other than pitch
    Percussion benefitted from this style
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    Rise of the Viola

    Viola became a very popular instrument. Lionel Tertis', a violist, career was at it's height during this time