North American Indian Timeline

  • Treaty of Greenville

    This treaty marked the end of an undeclared and multi-tribal war begun in the late 1770s
  • Indian Country Crimes Act

    Congress passed the Indian Country Crimes Act which provided for federal jurisdiction over crimes between non-Indians and Indians, and maintained exclusive tribal jurisdiction of all Indian crimes.
  • Johnson v. McIntosh Supreme Court

    Indian tribes had no power to grant lands to anyone other than the federal government. The government held title to all Indian lands based upon the "doctrine of discovery"—the belief that initial "discovery" of lands gave title to the government responsible for the discovery.
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

    The Cherokee Nation sued the State of Georgia for passing laws and enacting policies that not only limited their sovereignty, but which were forbidden in the Constitution
  • Indian Intercourse Act

    The area was set aside for Indians who would be removed from their ancestral lands which, in turn, would be settled by non-Indians.
  • Trail of Tears

    President Jackson sent federal troops to forcibly remove almost 16,000 Cherokee who had refused to move and were placed into camps where they remained imprisoned throughout the summer and where at least 1,500 died. The rest began an 800-mile forced march. 4,000 Cherokee died during the journey.
  • Nez Perce Treaty

    This was the last Indian treaty ratified by the U.S. government.
  • World War I

    Indian veterans of the war were granted citizenship
  • Indian Citizenship Act

    Citizenship and voting rights to all American Indians
  • Homestead Act

    The Western lands belonging to many Indian Nations available to non-Indian American settlers. This marked the beginning of mass migrations to Indian lands for non-Indian settlement.