Native americans

Native American Timeline 1800-1900

  • Period: to

    Native American Timespan

    The Native Americans were cheated out of land and rights. Some of these losses were the results of acts like the Dawes Act or the Indian Removal act. Native Americans also tried to fight back, which caused them to lose more land. Things like the discovery of gold and the Transcontinental Railroad also caused settlers to invade land set aside for Native Americans. These are all examples of how Native Americans lost their land and rights.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    An act signed by Andrew Jackson. It authorized removal of Indians from their land in the West. It also made settlement in the West legal.
  • Sand Creek

    Sand Creek
    A 700 man force of Colorado Militia attacked and destroyed a friendly village of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians. They killed anywhere from 70 to 163. Two- thirds of which were women and children.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental Railroad
    This was made after the discovery of gold in Dakota land. Sectional rivalry in congress caused delays on the building of it. The railroads caused the extermination of buffalo. The union pacific railroad effectively cut the huge herds in half. At first buffalo provided meat for railroad workers. This eventually turned into killing buffalos for fun. Then buffalo leather could be sold at a profit, this just increased the killing of the buffalo.
  • Killing of Buffalo

    Killing of Buffalo
    Buffalo Hunting became a "sport", when city vacationers thought it was fun to shoot them from Train windows. In 1871 it was discovered that buffalo leather could be sold. By 1886 only a few hundered buffalo were left in the forests of Canada. Because so many Native Americans relied on Buffalo for food and shelter, they started to freze and starve
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    Discovery of Gold

    In 1874 miners flooded into Sioux and Cheyenne lands. In 1876 the Sioux, led by chiefs Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, attacked the miners and settlers. In 1881 the Native Americans surrendered to the United States for the final time.
  • Little Big Horn

    Little Big Horn
    The battle of little big horn was started when custer had found a small indian village on banks of little big horn river. When custer saw it he immediately ordered an attack. To custers surprise, three thousand Sioux warriors led by Crazy horse ran down to battle custers regiment.In hours General Custers army was massacred. This angered the US regulars. The US regulars chased Sioux for several months. By October much of the resistance ended.
  • Chief Joseph and the Nez Percé

    Chief Joseph and the Nez Percé
    March of the Nez Perce: In 1877 demands were made for over 90 percent of their land. There was a stand off between tribal warriors and the United states Army. This led to chief joseph leading his followers to Canada to avoid capture. The officials chased them for 1700 miles, as the Indians moved neare the border, the army closed in on them and made chief joseph surrender.This was last of indian resistance
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    The Dawes Act of 1887 broke up the Native American nations, even on reservations. It also gave each family 160 acres to farm. After 25 years they would be granted U.S. citizenship.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    Troops went in to disarm Lakota and a tribesman named Black Coyote who wouldn’t give up his rifle because he’d paid a lot for it. There was a scuffle and a shot went off. The Americans then opened fire on them and the Indians returned fire. The Indians were quickly overwhelmed and retreated. They cavalry followed and killed many who were unarmed. There was an estimated 150 deaths.