Native American Timeline

  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    Sand Creek Massacre – November 29th 1864
    The violation of peace treaties between the Southern Cheyenne and the US Government led to Colonel John Chivington to descend on the Cheyenne's encampment at Sand Creek. Chivington with his force of 700 men slaughtered between 150 to 500 people, most of who were women and children. This event led to a massive loss of life and disrupted the traditional power structure and the loss of eight members of the Council of Forty Four and the move to reservations.
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    Native American Battles

  • Red River War 1874-1875

    Red River War 1874-1875
    The U.S. launched a campaign to try to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne and the Arapaho Indian tribes. Westward bound settlers came into conflict with the local tribes, to protect the settlers the army built forts. Tensions arose when Buffalo hunters wiped out buffalo populations in four years. 300 Indians led by Isa-tai and Quanah Parker attacked the Adobe Walls post. This attack was the spur the US army needed. Troops were sent out and surrounded the Indians at Red River.
  • Red River Cont. 1874-1875

  • Battle of Little Bighorn - 1876

    Battle of Little Bighorn - 1876
    The Sioux of the Northen Plains were enraged when the government decided to build a road through their hunting grounds. Chief Red Cloud launched a two year war to block the road project. 80 soldiers under Captain W.J Fetterman were killed near Fort Phil Kearny. Colonel George A. Custer moved his calvary toward Little Bighorn River where his troops were wiped out by 2,000 Sioux warriors. More than 200 soldiers were killed.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Sitting Bull and other Sioux tried to flee to Canada when troops flooded their lands. They were forced back to reservations due to starvation.
  • Nez Perce War - 1877

    Nez Perce War - 1877
    The Nex Perce homeland was opened to white settlers in 1877 by President Grant. The Nez Perce were forced off their land into reservations. Young warriors raided the settlers and Chief Joseph prepared for war. Several chiefs led 800 people through Montana in an attempt to escape the US Battalions. A five day battle took place and the Indians were forced into a stalemate. The Nez Perce surrendered and were exiled into Indian Territory.
  • battle of Wounded Knee - 1890

    battle of Wounded Knee - 1890
    Religious prophets predicted danger or prosperity. Wavoka promised the return of traditional life if the people performed purification ceremonies. Sitting Bull encouraged these ceremonies among the Sioux. in 1890 word spread of unrest among the Indians. The Seventh Calvary was dispatched to the reservation. Indian police tried to arrest Sittig Bull, but when he hesitated he was shot and killed. 120 men and 230 women and children surrendered at Wounded Knee creek.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Soldiers opened fire on the Indians when someone fired a shot, killing more than 200 Sioux