Native American Timeline

  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    700-man force of Colorado Territory militia attacked and destroyed a village of friendly Cheyenne and Arapaho encamped in southeastern Colorado Territory; killing an estimated 70–163 Indians, about two-thirds were women and children.
  • Navajo and Apache Wars

    Navajo and Apache Wars
    Colonel Christopher "Kit" Caarson, an experienced Indian fighter, led the First New Mexico Volunteers in a campaign against the Indians, who were to be killed outright and their women and children taken prisoner; Carson's force killed more than 650 Apache and captured over 9,000. The Navaho surrendered and agreed to settle on a reservation on the Pecos River in New Mexico.
  • Red Cloud's War

    Red Cloud's War
    Armed batte between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho and the United States in Wyoming and Montana territories. The war was fought over the control of the Powder River Country in north-central Wyoming.
  • Red River war

    Red River war
    Last major conflict between the U.S. Army and the southern Plains Indians;U.S. Army campaigned to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indian tribes from the Southern Plains and enforce their relocation to reservation
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn

    Battle of the Little Bighorn
    Also known as Custer's Last Stand; An engagement between combined forces of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes, against the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army.Indian Worriers led by Chiefs Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
    Custer and his me were killed.
  • "A Century of Dishonor"--Helen Hunt Jackson

    "A Century of Dishonor"--Helen Hunt Jackson
    Helen Hunt Jackson publish a book about how the Indians were mistreated by Americans. Gives a copy to all Congressmen
  • Dawes Severalty Act

    Dawes Severalty Act
    Written by Henry Laurens Dawes. Law that converted tribal lands to individual ownership; he believed that it would aid assimilation
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of Wounded Knee
    US army sent to arrest Native Americans; Sitting Bull is killed, he dreamed about his death 5 years before. many Indians escape, Army catches them an kills 170-370 Sioux men, women, and children