Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia

  • Hindu Indian National Congress

    Hindu Indian National Congress
    Congress to help India be independent.
  • Muslim League

    Muslim League
    Mulsim group that seeked independence from the British.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

  • World War 1 Ends

    World War 1 Ends
    World War 1 ends breaking up the Ottoman Empire. The British Empire showed signs of cracking. Upper class Indians starting applying European concepts.
  • Amristice Massacre

    Amristice Massacre
    10,000 Hindus and Muslims flocked to Amritsar a city in Punjab in spring of 1919. This group of people just wanted to pray and sit around in the quiet, they didn’t know about the new British rule banning all the public meetings, the British officers thought they were willingly opposing the rule and opened fire killing 400 Indians and 1,200 were wounded.
  • Greece invades Turkey

    Greece invades Turkey
    In 1919 Greece threatened to conquer Turkey.
  • Gandhi

    The massacre made the perfect stage for Gandhi to become the leader of the independence movement. He taught all major world religions, this way he attracted a lot of followers. Suddenly they started calling him Mahatma (it means great soul).
  • Civil Disobedience

    Civil Disobedience
    When the British failed to punish the officers that were responsible for the massacre the Congress Party endorsed civil disobedience, in 1920. It was the campaign of public refusal to obey an unjust law and nonviolence to achieve independence.
  • Gandhi's Tactics

    Gandhi's Tactics
    Gandhi made their followers boycott all the British products, making the sale of clothes (especially) drop. Gandhi didn’t want violence, but the protests often led to riots.
  • Kemal

    In 1922 a good commander Mustafa Kemal led the Turkish nationalists in fighting back the Greeks and British commanders. Turkey became a republic. Kemal was president and he put this reforms: separated the laws of Islam from the laws of the nations. –abolished religious courts and created a new legal system based on European law. –granted women the right to vote and to hold public office and –launched government funded programs to industrialize Turkey.
  • Salt March

    Salt March
    . In 1930 there was a peaceful protest called the Salt March where the Indians protested against the Salt Acts that stated that they couldn’t buy salt to anyone else than the British. They intended to go where the British produced salt but there was a huge riot were police officers harassed the Indians, there was a American Witness that stated about the peaceful protest, and it was a huge win for Gandhi’s independence movement even though 60,000 people were arrested (including Gandhi).