Union of Poetry and MusicKithara (Large Lyre)
Period: 500 BCE to 100 BCE
PythegorasHe realized the relationship of music with mathematical intervals.
Aristotlebelieved music should be included in the education systems for young men
Seven Liberal Arts"Martianus Capella"
Quadrivium and Trivium was introduced
Period: 500 to 1450
Gregorian ChantPope Gregory I stayed away and wrote many chants because a god came down as a little bird and told him too. "little bird told me" Charlemagne established 500-600 Gregorian chants in his reign.
PolyphonyDoubling perfect fifths were seen as beautiful at this time
Orgamum was used to a lot through this period because they wanted to enhance the chants further
Period: 990 to 1050
Guido of ArezzoEstablished the hexachord system
Named Guidonian Hand
Guido of Arezzo Established...4 line staff, relative pitch and sight singing
Period: 1098 to 1179
Hildegard of BingenNamed a doctor of the church
Was popular after her life
Was an unofficial saint until 2012
John of St Gall Established...Church Modes
Authentic vs Plagal
Period: 1150 to 1400
GothicTall gothic structures help support the polyphony chants and to give an extra flare to it like they wanted with the orgamum
Notre Dame Cathedraltook almost a century to build
It held its first mass before it was finished
It suffered a major fire in 2019 and has been closed
Period: 1270 to 1320
Le Manuscrit du Roiincludes 8 estampies
estampies was the dance you would do with the songs playing at this time
Shape NotesShape notes were created to help common people to read music easier.
It helps determine the duration of the note and the vowel of the text
Introductions to secluar and vernacular songsTroubadours, Trobairitzs, and trouveres started to pop up during this time
Musical Instruments started to pop as well for example:
Positive Organ, Hurdy Gurdy and Lute
Period: 1300 to 1377
Guillaume de Machautwrote love songs in the troubador style
4 voice rondeau
He stayed in his home during the winter during the plague
He was the first to claim his music as his own
Period: 1305 to 1377
Ars Nova Treatise
Period: 1325 to 1397
Francesco LandiniWrote 140 Balletes
He was influenced by the treble dominated french chanson
Period: 1337 to 1453
Hundred Year War
Period: 1345 to 1370
CacciaA popular melody style with a strict canon set
It was usually written to represent a hunt
Period: 1348 to 1360
Period: 1378 to 1417
Period: 1450 to
Period: 1450 to 1521
Josquin Des PrezWas known to be the most famous composer of his time
He did 65 Chansons, 18 Masses and 55 Motets
He wrote the Missa Pange Lingue
Fall of ConstantinopleHumanism and the age of genius in literature, arts and science was introduced
The 100 year war ends
The Gutenberg Printing Press was invented, now sheet music could be mass produced
Josquin's Motet "Ave Maria""Ave Maria Virgo Serena"
Was as popular as the Mona Lisa
It is polyphonic with Latin text that wasn't Mass Ordinary
SATB originJosquin's "Missa Pange Lingue" helped establish the four basic vocal parts that we have today
Pavane and GalliardPopular dances at the time that was held almost ceremonial like. It help men and women to flirt with one another and to court each other.
La VoltaA flirtatious dance that was seen to be lewd because of the hand positioning. It was used at parties and Queen Elizabeth required her court to know how to dance it.
Period: 1550 to
Instrumental Music IntroductionThe introduction of consort and broken consort was here.
This was either just instrumental pieces or accompanied music to vocal parts.
St Marks Cathedral"Sacrae Symphonic"
Abstract instrumental music was presented at this time
"Sonata Pian E Forte"