Music History Timeline - Emily Atkeison

Timeline created by emilyatkeison
In Music
  • Period:
    500
    to
    1440

    Medieval Period

  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's "Micrologus"

    This treatise explored Guido's revolutionary ideas of the four-line staff, the concept of relative pitch, the use of sight-singing syllables, and the introduction of the first accidentals -- "round b", or b flat, and "square b", or b natural.
  • Period:
    1098
    to
    1179

    Hildegard of Bingen

    Hildegard was the most prolific composer before the 1500s. She became a nun at 16, and allegedly had visions. She turned these visions into poems, then into music. She was sought after for her prophetic visions by kinds, bishops, and popes. She signed her name on her music, which was unusual for the time.
  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    This treatise laid the groundwork for modern musical notation. It also included both triple and duple time signatures.
  • Period:
    1450
    to

    Renaissance Period

  • 1483

    Josquin’s "Ave Maria ... virgo serena"

    This piece was called the "Mona Lisa" of renaissance music. It was a renaissance motet. It referred to the five feasts of the virgin, or the stations in the life of Mary from Conception through Assumption.
  • 1529

    Martin Luther's Chorale "Ein feste burg ist unser Gott" (A Mighty Fortress is our God)

    This was Martin Luther's most famous chorale, and it became an anthem for the reformation period.
  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal "Il bianco e dolce cigno"

    A madrigal is a through-composed musical setting of a high art poem that attempted to convey the ideas and feelings in the text by a series of changing musical textures and images. Madrigals began as social music and were easily sight-readable.
    The text of this madrigal alludes to a sexual climax (referred to in the 16th century as “the little death”) “dying fills me fully with complete joy and desire.” This was most likely performed by 4 men sitting around a table.
  • 1560

    Palestrina's "Pope Marcellus Mass"

    Palestrina's "Pope Marcellus Mass" proved that sacred text was able to still be intelligible despite being written in polyphony.
  • Victoria "Missa O magnum mysterium" 1592

    This was a parody or "imitation" mass based on his original motet "O magnum mysterium" (1572).
  • Gabrieli's "Sonata pian’e forte"

    This piece was likely written for St. Mark's Basilica in Venice, Italy. It was the first of two things: it was the first piece to specify which instrument played which part, and it was the first piece to specify dynamics in the title.
  • Period: to

    Baroque Era

  • Monteverdi's "L’Orfeo"

  • First Public Concerts in England

  • Period: to

    Johann Sebastian Bach's Life

  • Antonio Vivaldi's "L’Estro Armonico"

    This piece was the most influential publication of the 1700s. It began the popularity of the Italian concerto across Europe.
  • Rameau's "Traité de l’harmonie"

    This piece was the most influential of every theoretical work. It arranged the practices of his contemporaries into a set form. It set the premises for teaching functional harmony, and is still used today.
  • Bach's "The Well-Tempered Clavier", Volume 1

    This publication demonstrated the new ability of the modernly-tuned piano to play in all 24 major and minor keys.
  • Period: to

    PreClassical Period

  • Period: to

    Franz Joseph Haydn's Lifespan

  • Handel's "Messiah"

  • Period: to

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Lifespan

  • Period: to

    Viennese Classical Period

  • Period: to

    Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges as director of Concerts des Amateurs

    Joseph Bologne was one of the most famous composers and musicians at the time, and accomplished all of this despite being Black and experiencing racism. He was director of Concerts des Amateurs, which was one of the finest orchestras in Europe.
  • Mozart's "Don Giovanni"

  • Haydn's Symphony No. 94 "Surprise"