Beginning of the middle ageThe Western Roman Empire fell
Period: 476 to 507
Kingdom of TolosaTime of great insecurity in the Iberian Peninsula.
Battle of poitiersThe Franks managed to stop the Muslim advance.
Period: 1100 to 1200
Leonin y PerotinThey belonged to the music school of Notre Dame Cathedral, noted for its compositional innovations of sacred music.
Hildegard von BingenComposed a great variety of sacred music.
Alfonso XCantigas de Santa María.
Period: 1400 to 1500
Gotic artUrban art characterized for the construction of big cathedrals.
End of the middle ageFall of the Byzantine Empire and the discovery of America.