Music History- timeline

Timeline created by facebooker_668972547342825
In Music
  • Folk Blues/ Country Blues- blues

    Folk Blues/ Country Blues- blues
    Country Blues means rural Blues; Blues far away from the city, at a time when there existed almost no popular music whatsovere. Country Blues did not evolve out of Country Music: it was the other way around.
    Important artists:
    -Blind Lemon Jefferson
    -Papa Charlie Jackson
  • Vaudeville/ Classic Blues-blues

    Vaudeville/ Classic Blues-blues
    Classic Blues is not the first type of Blues,but the name can be explained by its feat as the first Blues genre to go on record(and thus one of the first recorded popular music in general). Also known as Vocal or Female Blues,Classic Blues is a whole different story than Country Blues.Under the influence of classy Jazz musicians,Blues was reshaped into an upper-class phenomenon played in theaters in the big city and therefore regarded as a sort of vanguard.
    Important artists:
    -Ma Rainey
    -Ida Cox
  • Folk Blues/ Country Blues- evolution

    Folk or Country Blues has almost as many different sub-genres as there are regions in Southeastern U.S.: Delta Blues, Acoustic Texas Blues, Memphis Blue, Atlanta Blues, Piedmont Blues, etc. Delta Blues (also known as Mississippi Blues) evolved around 1927 in the Mississippi Delta and remained a small but long-lasting subgenre.
  • Boogie Woogie/ Piano Blues- blues

    Boogie Woogie/ Piano Blues- blues
    Inspired by Ragtime music, Blues got introduced to the piano by the end of the twenties, forming Piano Blues, but better known as Boogie Woogie. Just like Ragtime, it left hand provided a steady bass and the right hand provided the treble counterpoint. The result was a very rhythmic, syncopated Blues, much more up-tempo and happier than usual.The piano also made it possible to add a 4/4 beat, with accent on 2nd and 4th beat.
    Important artists:
    - Charles Davenport
    - Clarence Smith
  • (Electric) Texas Blues-blues

    (Electric) Texas Blues-blues
    Texas Blues is one of the most important types of Country Blues. Like so many others genres, Texas Blues evolved from a strictly acoustic style to an electric one. The addition of electric guitars would not happen until the late forties, but this changed it into something else: proto Blues Rock. Blues suddenly sounded a lot more edgy, emotional and rough; something that made up the core of Blues, but which it had lost along the way.
    Important artists:
    - Memphis Minnie
    - Clarence Brown
  • Jump Blues- blues

    Jump Blues- blues
    The appeal of grand parties with a big band found its way to (Piano) Blues at the end of the thirties. More instruments were added to Piano Blues, especially brass (including saxophone), but also rhythm guitars. The result was a much larger band than usual with less focus on the singer: a combination of Jazz and Blues.
    Important artists:
    -Jimmy Witherspoon
    -Wynonie Harris
  • Early Rhythm & Blues- rhythm & blues

    Early Rhythm & Blues- rhythm & blues
    Blues dramatically changed when the bands stopped being an anonymous whole but received a face: the front man, the singer/songwriter.
    Important artists:
    -Fats Domino
    -Dinah Washington
  • Chicago Blues/ City Blues/ Urban Blues- blues

    Chicago Blues/ City Blues/ Urban Blues- blues
    Chicago Blues has been around since The Great Depression. Slowly, the genre developed during the thirties and forties, albeit in a much different way than what is usually referred to as Chicago Blues. What was originally a strictly acoustic, more reserved type of music, changed into a loud and angry son of a gun after World War II.
    Important artists:
    - Sonny Boy Williamson
    - Jimmy Reed
  • Race Music

    Race Music
    Race Music was a Billboard category reserved for Blues music, as Jazz & Gospel also featured white musicians. Such outspoken racism was put to a halt in 1948, with the replacement of the term by " Rhythm and Blues", abbreviated as R&B
  • Doo Wop-rhythm & blues

    Doo Wop-rhythm & blues
    Doo Wop is an often neglected, but familiar and characteristic genre. It is being performed by girl or boy groups that sing in vocal harmony.
    Important artists:
    -The Platters
    -Ink Spots
  • West Coast Blues- blues

    West Coast Blues- blues
    East Coast Blues is the umbrella term for Piedmont Country Blues and Jump Blues, both more jazzy types of Blues. Therefore, it is not really a well-defined genre, whereas West Coast Blues certainly is. A bit surprisingly, West Coast Blues is also very jazzy, but not in a cool and relaxed way like East Coast Blues. West Coast Blues radiates a typically West Coast warm, delicate, and rhythmical aura. The genre is also heavily based on piano.
    Important artists:
    - Lowell Fulson
    -Charles Brown
  • Memphis Soul/Deep Soul/Southern Soul(Stax)- rhythm & blues

    Memphis Soul/Deep Soul/Southern Soul(Stax)- rhythm & blues
    A lot of things had changed in 1959 since the ascent of R&B around 1943. It was a year of great opportunities and hope. In the Southern and Middle states of U.S.A., Black R&B musicians threw R&B, Gospel, Blues, and a bit of Country into a big melting pot.
    Important artists:
    -Sam Cooke
    -Otis Redding
  • Louisiana Blues/ Swamp Blues- blues

    Louisiana Blues/ Swamp Blues- blues
    Deep in the swamps of Louisiana, not only Country, but also Blues was made. As one could expect, this was a slow, pain, Country-like Blues. In this isolated and humid wilderness, Creole Folk music already existed long before Blues. One of the first types, Cajun, mixed with Rhythm 'n' Blues into Zydeco, a French type of proto Blues. Both Cajun and Zydeco are known for their driving beat, dotted with harsher or unusual sounds like washboards.
    Important artists:
    - Lazy Lester
    - Lightnin' Slim
  • Chicago Soul & Detroit Soul (Motown)- rhythm & blues

    Chicago Soul & Detroit Soul (Motown)- rhythm & blues
    After rurals areas, Soul quickly caught in urban areas, where it lost a bit of that rural roughness (just as happened with Country). First, almost immediately in Chicago (Chicago Soul) and a bit later in the motor city: Detroit.
    Important artists:
    -The Supremes
    -The Four Tops
  • Philly Soul - rhythm & blues

    Philly Soul - rhythm & blues
    After Chicago and Detroit, a third type of " City Soul" emerged (the term Urban Soul applies to something else). This time it happened in Philadelphia, where Soul would have a huge influence on a lot of music to come.
    Important artists:
    - The Delfonics
    -The Spinners
  • British Blues & Blues Rock- blues

    British Blues & Blues Rock- blues
    Parallel to the British Rock Invasion,the British Blues Invasion took hold,which was sometimes hard to separate from the other one.Yet British Blues started out in London instead of Liverpool and it was not influenced by Merseybeat.As Blues became harder, faster and louder,and Rock started to take an interest in Jazz,the 2 grew from different paths into a powerful combination which was performed by a huge amount of artists during 60's and 70's
    Important artists:
    -Eric Clapton
    -The Rolling Stones
  • Early Funk & P-Funk - rhythm & blues

    Early Funk & P-Funk - rhythm & blues
    Soul was very popular and melodic, but it was not really daring or danceable. After a while, artists started looking at Rock and Jazz for new elements. They preferred the psychedelic, rebellious nature of Acid Rock alongside the deep, dynamic part of Soul Jazz as flavors of choice for the revolutionary fusion that was Funk.
    Important artists:
    - James Brown
    - Isaac Hayes
  • Texas Blues Rock & Modern Electric Blues- blues

    Texas Blues Rock & Modern Electric Blues- blues
    Texas Blues, a heavily guitar-oriented type of old Country Blues, and Chicago Blues, led to The Golden Age of Blues. Both became the subject of revivals with strong influences from Rock. These revivals were respectively named Texas Blues Rock and Modern Electric (blues). Technically, both genres involve the introduction of electric guitar and a Rock drum kit, which created a sort of second wave of Blues Rock.
    Important artists:
    -Roy Buchanan
    -Robben Ford
  • Disco- rhythm & blue

    Disco- rhythm & blue
    Some Philly Soul songs were accompanied by pulsing repetitive drum rhythm, which made them the best dance floor fillers in the exclusive gay clubs of New York. With a dominant, accelerated 4/4 beat, sing-a-long diva choruses, catchy melodies, and much more superficial lyrics than Soul, producers had found such a perfect commercial combination of popular R&B elements that Disco broke out of its isolated environment and conquered the world in a unimaginable way.
    Important artists:
    -Chic
    -Boney M
  • Soul Blues (Southern Soul II)- rhythm & blues

    Soul Blues (Southern Soul II)- rhythm & blues
    Poor black communities of the southern states felt nostalgic about this rough, emotional, and sometimes tragic music,to which they could relate to more than contemporary genres.As a part of the regional culture,Stax Soul got reinstituted but in the form of a crossover with Blues.This is why it is not wrong to speak of a resurgence of Southern Soul or a second wave, and perhaps it is even advisable to differentiate the genre from another type of Soul Blues.
    Important artists:
    -B.B. King
    -Bobby B.
  • Soul Blues (Southern Soul II)- blues

    Soul Blues (Southern Soul II)- blues
    Poor black communities of the southern states felt nostalgic about this rough, emotional, and sometimes tragic music,to which they could relate to more than contemporary genres.As a part of the regional culture,Stax Soul got reinstituted but in the form of a crossover with Blues.This is why it is not wrong to speak of a resurgence of Southern Soul or a second wave, and perhaps it is even advisable to differentiate the genre from another type of Soul Blues.
    Important artists:
    -B.B. King
    -Bobby B.
  • End of the Vietnam War

    End of the Vietnam War
    The end of the Vietnam War in 1975, marked moments of joy despite the actual loss of the war by the U.S. Yet the people had every reason to celebrate.That is why Disco celebration was without limits.
  • Go & Go (& Bounce Beat)- rhythm & blues

    Go & Go (& Bounce Beat)- rhythm & blues
    Go & Go is one of the smallest genres listed on the map. It can be seen as a subgenre of Funk, but very distinctive one. Go-Go is very straightforward Funk with little experimentation or technology.
    Important artists:
    - Trouble Funk
    -Junk Yard Band
  • Saturday Night Fever

    Saturday Night Fever
    A pivotal moment between two types of Disco was the film released "Saturday Night Fever" in 1977, after which not a living soul on earth did not know what Disco was.
  • Deep Funk/Rare Groove & Nu Funk- rhythm & blues

    Deep Funk/Rare Groove & Nu Funk- rhythm & blues
    Some may say that Funk is just Funk, but there is a difference between well-known Vocal (Early) Funk aimed at performing and the heavier, instrumental Funk focused on recording, known as Deep Funk.
    In the other hand Rare Groove´s characteristics (heavy beats,instrumental, recording-focused, relatively unknown) make the genre ideal for sampling and extremely popular with Rap and Breakbeats artists.
    Important artists:
    -The Rhythm Heritage
    -Incredible Bongo Band
  • Boogie/ Electrofunk- rhythm & blues

    Boogie/ Electrofunk- rhythm & blues
    The influence from Funk on Electro bounced back to Funk, forging Electronic Funk and keeping Funk in the eighties alive. This genre has many different subforms, but to prevent further pigeonholing, it is advisable to regard all these names as one and the same: Synth Funk, United Funk, Naked Funk, Electrofunk and (Electro) Boogie.
    Important artists:
    -Zapp & Roger
    -Rick James
  • New Jack Swing/Swingbeat- rhythm & blues

    New Jack Swing/Swingbeat- rhythm & blues
    Make no mistake, this genre has nothing to do with Swing. On the contrary, New Jack Swing (NJS) is the updated continuation of the Philadelphia Sound: the body of Philly Soul in a brand new jacket of Rap.
    Swingbeat (a synonym for NJS) is exactly the way it sounds: extremely catchy and funky with strong emphasis on beat. Important artists:
    - Wreckx-N-Effect
    -Bobby Brown
  • Hill Country Blues & Trance Blues

    Hill Country Blues & Trance Blues
    "Hill Country" refers to a specific region in Northeast Mississippi, where a more radical style of Delta Blues was being developed, almost as old as Blues itself: Hill Country Blues appeared.
    The hypnotic quality of Hill Country Blues was further extended in the nineties, due to the experimental use of techniques atypical of Blues such as sampling, mixing or digitally creating. Hill Country Blues evolved into something else: Trance Blues.
    Important artists:
    -Fred McDowell
    -Junior Kimbrough
  • Neo Soul/ Nu Soul- rhythm & blues

    Neo Soul/ Nu Soul- rhythm & blues
    During the nineties, Rhythm 'n' Blues started to cross over to many other popular genres, combined with a a lyrical tendency towards shallow and popular content. Slowly the term R&B became a vassal for major records labels to ensure their profits, with Swingbeat as the first, careful step. Compared to older styles of Soul, this "Nu Soul" was stripped down and simple: only one singer instead of vocal harmonies , and not too many instruments.
    Important artists:
    -Amy Winehouse
    - John Legend
  • Urban Soul/ Pop (Nur R&B I)-rhythm & blues

    Urban Soul/ Pop (Nur R&B I)-rhythm & blues
    Urban Soul/ R&B or the "new" R&B is so omnipresent that it is often identified with the general term R&B ignoring five decades of musical evolution. Out of the popular Rap/ R&B hybrid of New Jack Swing, a new hybrid gradually unfolds, bursting to life in 1998: real Urban Soul or the first wave of Nu R&B.
    Important artists:
    -Jennifer Lopez
    -Mariah Carey
    -All Saints
  • Urban Breaks (Nu R&B II)- rhythm & blues

    Urban Breaks (Nu R&B II)- rhythm & blues
    Where the first wave of Nu (new) or Urban R&B was still linked to original forms of R&B (especially Soul), a second wave broke all those ties and became a monster dance floor phenomenon. Here we have a soft and smooth type of Rap music, but with big hooks and heavy synth basslines, hence Urban Breaks is a more appropriate term.
    Important artists:
    -Beyoncé
    -Rihanna
  • Nu Disco & Funktronica- rhythm & blues

    Nu Disco & Funktronica- rhythm & blues
    Nu Disco focuses specifically on (Post-) Disco of the late seventies and Eurodisco of the early eighties. This is Disco semi-detached from Soul, while harboring a stronger beat, which makes it more accessible for the modern public. Just like Electroclash brought back Synth pop to an EDM-fatigued audience, so reinstalls Nu-Disco with similar success. Nu Disco recreates these "old" genres by using the latest equipment and technologies.
    Important artists:
    -Michael Grey
    -Big Gigantic