Mohandas Gandhi Life

  • Birth

  • Period: to

    Life to Death

  • first marriage

    first marriage
    Gandhi married Kasturba (also spelled Kasturbai) in an arranged marriage. Kasturba bore Gandhi four sons and supported Gandhi's endeavors until her death in 1944.
  • London

    Gandhi left India, without his wife and newborn son, in order to study to become a barrister (lawyer) in London. Attempting to fit into English society, Gandhi spent his first three months in London attempting to make himself into an English gentleman by buying new suits, fine-tuning his English accent, learning French, and taking violin and dance lessons.
  • South Africa

    South Africa
    he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indians. As a pioneer of Satyagraha, or resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, he became one of the major political and spiritual leaders of his time
  • NIC

    Gandhi established the National Indian Congress (NIC). Although the NIC began as an organization for wealthy Indians, Gandhi worked diligently to expand its membership to all classes and castes.Gandhi had become a leader of the Indian community in South Africa.
  • Returned to India

    Returned to India
    retuened to ndia to ge his family. Stayed in india for while to improve sanitary conditions
  • Sailed back to Africa

    Sailed back to Africa
    Gandhi brought his family back to Africa with him. When they got there an angry mob was waiting for him, thinking he had brought his people to overrun South Africa.
  • Boer War

    Boer War
    Gandhi organized the Indian Ambulance Corp in which 1,100 Indians heroically helped injured British soldiers.
  • Another return to india

    Another return to india
    After traveling through India and successfully drawing public attention to some of the inequalities suffered by the lower classes of Indians, Gandhi returned to South Africa to continue his work there.
  • Settlement

    He establish a communal living community called Phoenix Settlement just outside of Durban.The Settlement was an experiment in communal living, a way to eliminate one's needless possessions and to live in a society with full equality.
  • Simple Life

    Simple Life
    believing that family life was taking away from his full potential as a public advocate, Gandhi took the vow of brahmacharya (a vow of abstinence against sexual relations, even with one's own wife). This was not an easy vow for him to follow, but one that he worked diligently to keep for the rest of his life. Thinking that one passion fed others, Gandhi decided to restrict his diet in order to remove passion from his palette. To aid him in this endeavor, Gandhi simplified his diet from strict ve
  • Asiatic Registration Law

    Asiatic Registration Law
    organized opposition when law was passed. It required all Indians - young and old, men and women - to get fingerprinted and to keep registration documents on them at all times. While using satyagraha, Indians refused to get fingerprinted and picketed the documentation offices. Mass protests were organized, miners went on strike, and masses of Indians illegally traveled from Natal to the Transvaal in opposition to the Black Act. Many of the protesters were beaten and arrested, including Gandhi.
  • Black Act repealed

    Black Act repealed
    It took seven years of protest, but in June 1914, the Black Act was repealed. Gandhi had proved that nonviolent protest could be immensely successful.
  • Turning against british

    Turning against british
    the British gave Gandhi something specific to fight against - the Rowlatt Act. This Act gave the British in India nearly free-reign to root out "revolutionary" elements and to detain them indefinitely without trial. In response to this Act, Gandhi organized a mass hartal, Unfortunately, such a large scale protest quickly got out of hand and in many places it turned violent. over 300 Indians had died and over 1,100 were injured.
  • Salt March

    Salt March
    The Salt March was the beginning of a nationwide campaign to boycott the salt tax. It began on March 12, 1930 when Gandhi and 78 followers marched out from the Sabarmati Ashram and headed to the sea, about 200 miles away. Lord Irwin, met with Gandhi. The two men agreed on the Delhi Pact, which granted limited salt production and the freeing of all the peaceful protesters from jail as long as Gandhi called off the protests. He himself veiwed it as a start to victory.
  • Indias independence

    Indias independence
    The British, witnessing what seemed sure to become a violent civil war, decided to leave India in August 1947. Before leaving, the British were able to get the Hindus, against Gandhi's wishes, to agree to a partition plan. On August 15, 1947, Great Britain granted independence to India and to the newly formed Muslim country of Pakistan.
  • Death

    Godse rushed forward and shot Gandhi three times with a black, semi-automatic pistol. Although Gandhi had survived five other assassination attempts, this time, Gandhi fell to the ground, dead.