Middle Ages to Twentieth century

  • 400


    neumes were the very first notes.
  • Period: 400 to Jan 1, 1450

    Middle Ages

  • Oct 10, 1150


    was the first known composer of polyphonic organum
  • Oct 10, 1200


    was a European composer
    Pérotin composed organa, the earliest type of polyphonic music
  • Oct 10, 1300

    Guillaume de Machaut

    Guillaume de Machaut
    major works: motets, chansons and a polyphonic mass Messe de Notre Dame.
    was a composer/poet.
    he was admired as the greatest musician and poet of the time
  • Oct 10, 1350


    a French Word.
    composers based their own work on what had been handed down from the past.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1450 to

    Renaissance Period

  • Oct 10, 1450

    a capella

    voices without accompaniment
  • Oct 10, 1450

    Josquin des Prez

    Ave Maria
    a motet to the Virgin Mary
  • Oct 10, 1507

    Jacques Arcadelt

    a northern composer, highly influenced in italian madrigal
    moved from belgium to italy.
  • Oct 10, 1525

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    he was appointed to the Sistine Chapel Choir but wasn't allowed to serve there because he was a married man
    his output of Masses exceeds that of any other composer
  • Oct 10, 1545

    Council of Trent

    the catholic church organized the longest committee meeting in history
    demands for a capella singing with clearly declaimed text
  • Oct 10, 1550

    Italian madrigal

    madrigal originated in Italy as a form of aristocratic entertainment
    the composers chief concern was to give pleasure to the performers
    extended into Baroque era
  • Oct 10, 1558

    English Madrigal

    During the reign of Elizabeth I
    the songs were translated to english
  • Oct 10, 1570

    John Farmer

    English Composer
    was active in Dublin, Ireland
    an organist.
    Fair Phyllis
  • Period: to

    Baroque Era

  • Elizabeth 1

    Elizabeth I dies
  • Antonio Vivaldi

    Antonio Vivaldi
    Four Seasons
    italian baroque composer
    ordained in the church
    wrote a lot of operas
  • George Frideric Handel

    born in Germany
    was a "diva"
    mostly resided in London
  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    Toccatta D Minor
    one of the biggest musicians in musics history
    an organist
    wrote many organ pieces
  • Joseph Haydn

    one of the most prolific composers
    born in austrian village
    by the time he reached his middle age his music brought him much fame
  • Messiah

    Spring of 1742, Dublin expierenced the premiere of one of the biggest pieces in the world.
    Composed by Handel.
    the climax is the Hallelujuah chorus
  • Period: to

    Classical Period

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    was born in Salzburg Austria
    son of Leopold Mozart
    he was highspiritied
    reached the peak of his career in the late 1780s
  • homorhythmic

    textures we heard in earlier eras, in which all voices moved together
  • homophonic

    a melody with accompanying harmony
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven

    Ludwig Van Beethoven
    born in Bonn Germany
    born into a troubled family
    started losing his hearing in his late 20s
    is the supreme architect in music
    has nine symphonies
  • chamber music

    ensemble music for two to about ten performers with one plater per part
  • Franz Schubert

    Franz Schubert
    born outside vienna
    educted at the imperial chapel
    did chamber music
    wrote the song elfking
  • moonlight sonata

    beethoven composed it in 1801
    wasn't named til after his death
  • opera seria

    serious opera
  • Robert Schumann

    Robert Schumann
    born in Germany
    created many piano works
  • Frederic Francois Chopin

    Frederic Francois Chopin
    french and polish
    he was a pianist
    died from tuberculosis at 39
    wrote romantic sonatas
  • Richard Wagner

    Richard Wagner
    born in germany
    early opera was Rienzi
    musical scores accumlated without hope of performance
  • Giuseppe Verdi

    because of musical talent he had commisons to write operas
    most of his family died
    masterpieces came one after another
  • Period: to

    Romantic Period

  • Strophic form

    in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza
  • Edvard Grieg

    Edvard Grieg
    a talented musican
    died suddenly in 1907
    noteable for lyricism and nationalistiic
  • shape note

    designed for easy reading
  • program music

    instrumental music with a literary or pictorial association supplied by the composer
  • opera buffa

    comic opera
  • bel canto

    beautiful singing style
  • Claude Debussy

    Claude Debussy
    most important french composer of the 20th centurary
    wrote clair de lune (my favorite)
    had a new style of writing
  • Scott Joplin

    Scott Joplin
    scottwas born in texas
    born to a musical family
    given free piano lessons
    wrote rag time
  • Bela Bartok

    Bela Bartok
    was hungarian
    became a leading figure in his country's musical life
    one of the greatest rhythmiic innovators
  • Period: to

    impressionist period

  • William Grant Still

    african american composer
    grew up in Arkansas
    left college to work as a professional musican
  • Tin Pan Alley

    sheet music buisness
  • Billie Holiday

    Jazz Singer
    known as lady day
    tough life
    she died young
    powerful voice
  • Leornard Bernstein

    wrote west side story
    supposedly gay
    famous conductor
  • Bill Haley

    he was an alocholic
    died at 55
    Bill Haley with Haleys Comets
  • Period: to

    Rock N Roll

  • the 60's

    beach boys
    rolling stones
    Elvis Pressley
  • 1970s

    style of performance not style of music
    the who
    moody blues
  • 1980s

    glam rock
    punk rock
    disco = beegees
    new wale
    southern rock
  • Pope Gregory

    He was pope from 590-604.
    he made melodies now known as Gregorian chants https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ye-HAS7NUrE