Mid 1800s

By Jvires
  • Nationalism

    A sense of unity & pride in a nation, usually during or after winning a war.
  • Period: to

    Era of Good Feelings

  • Sectionalism

    There were 11 free states and 11 slave states. Missouri applied for statehood and Congress didn't know what to do. This brought tension between states
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    When Andrew Jackson took some 2000 volenteers into Flordia territory to capture the Seminole Raiders, Adams and Onis came to a treaty making a border between the USA and Spain, and also gave Flordia to the US
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    Andrew Jackson was against the National Bank so he put a tax on the bank. When one of the bankers (McCulloch) refuses to pay the tax, the State government takes him to court where the Supreme Court declares the bank Constitutional. The tax is then lifted.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Henry Clay said that Missouri would be a slave state and Maine would join the union as a Free state, and also said that anything North of Missouri's South border would be a free state and anything South of it would be a Slave state
  • Santa Fe Trail

    This trail went from Independence, Missouri out West into Santa Fe, New Mexico.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Stated that the US would not interfere with European affairs, the US would reconise colonies already in the Americas, and that any European power attempting to colonise here will be taken as a hostile threat.
  • Jacksonian Democracy

    This expansion in Democracy included the Democratic Party and instead of canididatesbeing chosen by party leaders but now there were nomination conventions
  • Spoils System

    When Andrew Jackson won, he gave his supporters some government jobs. This is the Spoils System
  • Tariff of Abominations

    When Congress passed a high tariff on imports, hurting the South.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Congress authorised the removal of all Native Americans from East of the Mississippi River to the West of the Mississippi.
  • Indian Territory

    US land that is now Oklahoma.
  • States' rights doctrine

    Stated that since the states made the National government, States should have more power, basically the right to reject any law the States thought unconstitutional.
  • Alamo

    Was a city in Texas that was a "base" for the Texas Revolution & later became an important battle site
  • Period: to

    Nullification Crisis

  • Whig Party (beginning)

    A party to run against the Democratic party that was in favor of a weak president and a strong Congress
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Managed Native American removal to Western lands
  • Trail of Tears

    The Cherokee Tribe had to move 800 miles on a forced walk into present day Oklahoma away from their home.
  • Oregon Trail

    A 2200 mile long trail that went West from Independence, Missouri into the Oregon territory. Thousands rushed to settle in this new territory.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Obvious fate, to settle land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread Democracy
  • Donner Party

    On their way to California, this group left the main trail for a shortcut. Got lost in the Sierra Nevada Mountains during Winter and most either starved or resulted to cannibalism. A rescue team found 45 out of the original 87.
  • California Gold Rush

    John Sutter and his friend James Marshall were carpenters in California when they found some gold. They tried to keep it a secret but others found more gold. Soon Sutter's workers quit to search for gold and more people were on their way to find some gold for themselves from the East.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    The United States and Mexico sign this treaty to end the war and turn over much of Mexico's northern territory to the United States
  • 49ers

    80,000 men who came to California to mine for gold.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    The US paid Mexico $10 million for the southern parts now known as Arizona and New Mexico