Medieval (1430-1600) (Including Middle Ages)

Timeline created by pjc027
In Music
  • 476

    The Fall of Rome

    When Rome fell.
  • 900

    Organum

    General introduction in the 800s, described in the 900s, notated around 1000. Plainchant with added melody, piece of parallel 4ths and 5ths. Has multiple forms.
  • Period: 991 to 1033

    Guido d'Arezzo

    Credited with inventing staff. Said that a red line should denote f and a yellow line for c. Diastematic notation. (vertical orientation describes pitch)
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegarde von Bingen

    Founder and abbess of convent at Rupertsberg, Ger. Famous for her prophetic abilities and revelations. First female composer to be the object of much research. Did non womanly things like teaching and preaching outdoors (how scandalous). Style more elaborate then previous Gregorian chant style. Invented genre of morality plays.
  • Period: 1150 to 1450

    Gothic Period

  • Period: 1150 to 1201

    Leonin

    Cantor at Cathedral of Notre Dame. First composer of polyphonic music that is known. Credited with compiling the Magnus Liber organi.
  • Period: 1155 to 1207

    Raimbaut de Vaqueiras

    Southern French Troubador. Served in Italy. Killed in battle. Wrote at least 35 poems with 7 surviving with music.
  • Period: 1170 to 1200

    Perotin

    May have studied with Leonin
    Headcanon: They were boyfriends
  • Period: 1200 to 1300

    1200s

    Drama was happening. Bubonic Plague brought from the east most likely by the Mongols, church suffers, and a pope fight was happening.
  • 1270

    Medieval Motet

    A new genre from late 1200s , with more text than chant, 6 rhythmic modes, instruments and the added language of French.
  • Period: 1291 to 1361

    Philippe de Vitry

    First composer of Ars Nova. A priest and fronch.
  • Period: 1300 to 1350

    Ars Nova (new art)

    Rhythmic polyphony introduced in the motets. Classified Notre Dame Organum as Ars antiqua. Most innovations were in rhythm for this style, very complex but did not survive to have a direct successor.
  • Period: 1300 to 1377

    Guillame de Machaut

    Most famous composer and poet of his time. More than 20 extant motets. Several extant chansons. One of first polyphonic masses.
  • 1325

    Organum Triplum

    3 part organum, Perotin
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    Fancesco Landini

    Music theorist, composer, poet, organist. Blind. Most famous Italian composer of the 14th century.
  • Period: 1400 to 1450

    1400-1450

    Misc. Instruments were mostly just used for dance music, many different varieties by the end of the period which would influence renaissance. Divided into uses.