Vintage schoolhouse

Math Education

  • NCTM

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics was founded.
  • Lack of Reform

    Lack of Reform
    The lack of remembrance of drill and practice math made a push to teach meaning behind the practices in mathematics.
  • Doctor Kilpatrick

    Doctor Kilpatrick
    Doctor Kilpatrick was one of the first people to re-think mathematics education in America. With his new thoughts he wrote Foundations of Method. This book was the start of progressive education and became a standard text for math education courses across the country.
  • Debate

    In the 1950's a debate began around the difference in effectiveness of drill and practice and teaching the meaning behind mathematics in education.
  • Decline of Enrollment

    Decline of Enrollment
    Colleges and universities at this time were concerned with the low level of mathematics knowledge. They felt that students entering college lacked an adequate conceptual understanding of math as well as applying this knowledge. This led to their concern about declining enrollments in their math courses.
  • Sputnik

    The launch of Sputnik made American public schools want to push for more instruction to be able to compete around the world. There was a surge in federal funds to produce more scholars, teacher educators, and highly prepared mathematics teachers who would help the US compete internationally.
  • Back to Basics

    Back to Basics
    The back to basics movement in the 1970's pushed for more basic instruction in reading, writing, and arithmetic. They focused less on the abstract math concepts. The teacher was now seen as the dominant figure in classroom instruction.
  • Active Teaching Model

    Active Teaching Model
    Teachers began with a brief daily review (8 minutes) followed by the developmental portion of the lesson (20 minutes), independent seatwork (15 minutes) and then on to the homework assignment.
  • NCTM Standards

    NCTM Standards
    National Council of Teachers of Mathematics created their first standards. These standards were guidelines for school districts and teachers to follow when teaching math. Out of the 24 council members who wrote the standards zero were mathematicians and only two were teachers. The standards were broken up in k-4, 5-8, and 9-12.
  • Critique of NCTM Standards

    From 1990-2000 these standards were highly criticized because of the failure to develop arithmetic and algebra skills. Another criticism is that most of the schools did not provide textbooks for students because they felt it would interfere with student discover.
  • NCTM Current Standards

    The standards were revised by the same council but with different members.
    These standards were more focused on equity, curriculum, teaching, learning, assessment, and technology.
    The five content areas were number of operations, algebra, geometry, measurement and data analysis and probability.
    These standards were for second grade, 3rd-5th, 6th-8th, and
    9th -12th grade.
  • Common Core State Standards

    Common Core State Standards
    Teacher Support Math Key Points Educational standards help teachers ensure their students have the skills and knowledge they need to be successful by providing clear goals for student learning.