Major events in Psychology

  • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test Published in the US

  • Robert Yerkes made the Army Alpha and Army Beta tests

  • Period: to

    Psychology from WWI to Present Day

  • Charles Spearman proposes his two-factor theory of intelligence

  • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was published by Henry Murray.

  • Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Test was published

  • Jean Piaget published 'Psychology of Intelligence' discussing his theories of cognitive development.

  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was developed

  • The state of Connecticut passed licensure legislation for psychologists, becoming the first state to recognize psychology as a protected practice oriented profession.

  • The Journal of Clinical Psychology was founded

  • Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC),

  • Raymond Cattell suggested that there are two related but distinct components of g: fluid and crystallised intelligence.

  • Guilford's Theories

    180 elementary abilities are made up of a combination of three dimensions which he calls:
    - operations: what a person does (6-types)
    - contents: the material on which operations are performed (5-types)
    - products: the form in which the information is stored and processes (6-types).
  • Sternberg and Wagner have designed a test of practical intelligence.

  • Carroll (1993) proposed the three-stratum model of cognitive ability

  • Howard Gardner suggests the seven intelligences are: verbal, mathematical, musical, spatial, kinaesthetic, interpersonal (social skills) and intrapersonal (self-understanding) functioning