Major Civil War Battles

Timeline created by Sujata.D
In History
  • Battle at Fort Sumter

    Battle at Fort Sumter
    On April 12, 1861, General Robert Anderson demanded that General P.G.T. Beauregard surrender his troops and artillery at Fort Sumter, which lies in Charleston County, South Carolina. Beauregard refused, and the Confederates opened fire on them. The Confederates outgunned them, and the Beauregard surrendered. This battle laasted from April 12–13, 1861. 13 men were wounded, and two were killed. This battle was quite small, but was the beginning of the Civil War.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    Location: Fairfax County and Prince William County, Virginia Commanders: Union- Irvin McDowell, Confederacy- Joseph E. Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard.
    Casualties: Union- 2,896 Confederacy- 1982. Total- 4,878 Significance: This was the first major battle of the Civil War, and made everyone realize that the war is coming, and gave them a glimpse of how bloody and how many people would die in this war.
  • Grant Captures Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

    Grant Captures Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
    Location: Fort Donelson, TennesseeCommanders: Union- Ulysses S. Grant, Andrew H. Foote. Confederacy: John B. Floyd, Gideon G Pillow, Simon B. BucknerCasualties: Union: 2,691 Confederacy: 13, 846. Total: 16, 537Significance: It was the first battle won by the Union
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Location: Hardin County, TennesseeCommanders: Ulysses S. Grant, Don Carlos Buell (Union) Albert Sydney Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard (Confederacy)Casualties: 13,047 (Union) 10,699 (Confederacy) 23,746 (Total)Significance: It was a much needed victory in the West, and proved that this was not going to be an easy war.
  • New Orleans Falls to the Union

    New Orleans Falls to the Union
    Location: New OrleansCommanders: Union- David Farragut, Benjamin Butler. Confederacy- Mansfield LovellCasualties- NoneSignificance- Major city! Was a turning point.
  • 7 Days Batttle

    7 Days Batttle
    Location: Henrico County, VirginiaCommanders: (Union) George B. McClellan. (Confederacy) Robert E. LeeCasualties: Union- 15,855. Confederacy- 20,204. Total: 36,059Significance: This was the end of McClellan’s Peninsular Campaign
    *Won by Confederacy*
  • McClallan Peninsular Campaign Ended

    McClallan Peninsular Campaign Ended
    Significance- First large scale operation from the Union. Commanders- George B. McClellen (Union)
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Location: Prince Williams, VirginiaCommanders: John Pope (Union) Robert E. Lee (Confederacy)Casualties: 10,000 (Union) 8,300 (Confederacy) Total: 18,300*Confederates Won *Significance: Most decisive battle in North Virginia for the Confederates
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of  Antietam
    Commanders: (Union) Major General George B. McClellan(Confederate) General Robert E. Lee. Location: Sharpsburg, Maryland. Significance: It forced Confederate soldiers to retreat south of the Potomac River. Lincoln, knowing that this is significant, later gave the Emancipation Proclamation. Casualties: (Union) 12,401 (Confederacy) 10,316 Total: 22,717
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Commanders: (Union) Ambrose E. Burnside (Confederate) Robert E. Lee. Location: Fredericksburg, Virginia. Significance: This major loss, along with Burnside’s failed “Mud March” caused for him to be replaced by Major Joseph Hooker in 1863. Casualties: 13,353 (Union) 4,576 (Confederacy) 17, 909 (Total)
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Commanders: Major General George E. Meade (Union) Robert E. Lee (Confederate). Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Significance: Lee tried to invade the North to ‘take pressure off of Virginia.’. and possibly even end the war. This failure meant that the South was crumbling. After this war was also when Kincoln gave his famous Getysburg Address. Casualties: 23,000 (Union) 28,000 (Confederacy) 51,000 (Total)
  • Period: to

    Battle of Gettysburg

    Commanders: Major General George E. Meade (Union) Robert E. Lee (Confederate). Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Significance: Lee tried to invade the North to ‘take pressure off of Virginia.’. and possibly even end the war. This failure meant that the South was crumbling. Casualties: 23,000 (Union) 28,000 (Confederacy) 51,000 (Total)
  • Seige of Vicksburg

    Seige of Vicksburg
    Commanders: Major General Ulysses S. Grant (Union) Lieutenant General Johnn C. Pemberton (Confederate). Location: Vicksburg, Mississippi. Significance:The Confederate States of America was successfully split apart. Casualties: 4,825 (Union) 32,697 (Confederacy) 37,522(Total)
    *Union won*
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    Commanders: General Braxton Bragg, Lieutenant General James Longstreet (Confederate) Major General William S. Rosecrans, Major General George E. Thomas(Union). Location: Chickamauga, Georgia. Significance: It marked the end of a Union offensive in Southern Tennessee... Also had the second highest casualties. Casualties: 16,170 (Union) 18,154 (Confederacy) 34,624(Total)
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    Commanders: Major General Ulysses S. Grant (Union) General Braxton Bragg (Confederate). Location: Chattanooga, Tennessee. Significance: It was a turning point in the Civil War, and gave the Union the ability to go further South. Casualties: 5,815 (Union) 6,670 (Confederacy) 12,485 (Total)
  • Battle of Atlanta/ Fall of Atlanta

    Battle of Atlanta/ Fall of Atlanta
    Commanders: Major General William T Sherman, Major General James McPherson (Union) General John Bell Hood (Confederate). Location: Atlanta. Significance:Was the ‘last big blow’ to the South… Destroyed their spirit. Casualties: 3,641 (Union) 5,500 (Confederacy) 9,141(Total). Atlanta was completely destroyed after this! * Union won *
  • Battle/ Surrender at Appomattox

    Battle/ Surrender at Appomattox
    Commanders: General Ulysses S. Grant (Union) Robert E. Lee (Confederate). Location: Appomattox County, Virginia. Casualties: 700. Was the last major engagement of the Civil War. Lee surrendered to Grant in front of Appomattox Court House.
  • Grant captures Richmond and Pittsburgh

    Grant captures Richmond and Pittsburgh
    "While Sherman marched through Georgia and the Carolinas, Grant's army besieged Richmond and Pittsburgh. Finally, in April 1865, after nine months, Jefferson Davis and his governmetn fled Richmond, and the Confederacy dissolved."
    -page 295, America, the land that I love, Final Confrontations--Collapse of the Confederacy
  • Battle of Palmito Ranch

    Battle of Palmito Ranch
    Commanders: Theodore H. Barrett (Union) John ‘Rip’ Ford (Confederate) . Location: Palmito Ranch. Significance: After Lee surrendered. ‘It was the last major clash of arms in the war.’ Casualties: 117 (Union) 14 (Confederacy) 131 (Total). Regiments used: (Union)- 62nd Regiment U.S. Colored Troops, 2nd Texas Calvary Battalion, 34th Indiana Infantry. (Confederacy)- Gidding Infantry, Benavides Infantry, 2nd Texas Calvary Regiment, Anderson’s Battalion.