Civil War (Part 2)

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  • Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    Now Lieutenant General Ulysses S Grant had been called from the eastern theatre in cooperation to move an offensive front against Lee's Forces in hopes of destroying his army in Richmond, VA rather than capturing the capitol. Lee's men had outnumbered Grants men, but the battle was decided as inconclusive.
  • Ulysses S Grant is promoted from Maj General to commander of all Union forces

    Ulysses S Grant is promoted from Maj General to commander of all Union forces
    After Ulysses S Grants' successful Overland Campaign and Petersburg victory, President Lincoln officially recognizes this and signs a legal document promoting and commending Grant for his contribution to the Union.
  • Battle of Yellow Tavern

    Battle of Yellow Tavern
    The Battle of Yellow Tavern is well known as part of the overland campaign under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan was separated from Grant’s Army of the Potomac in order for Union forces to have a commander to conduct a raid in Richmond, Virginia in efforts to capture the capitol.
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    Remaining Confederate Troops Surrender May-April

    After seeing the damage, the numbers, and the loss that the Confederate states had endured, the remaning troops see clearly that they do not stand a chance. Other troops were defeated if not surrendered
  • Sherman and his army advance and capture Charleston, South Carolina

    Sherman and his troops march through Columbia SC, and capture Charleston, but don't damage or destroy any of the towns. They stole livestock and burned the barns of anyone in his way, however.
  • President Davis fails to reconcile/ Hampton Roads conference

    Delegates sent by Confederate President Davis were dispatched to a peace conference with Abraham Lincoln and secretary of state William Seward, but the Union just would not settle for the terms that were offered.
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    The fall of Richmond April-June

    The beginning of the fall of Richmond was soon coming and long-awaited. The fire raged among the capitol but just came short of Thomas Jefferson's capitol. Much of Richmond was destroyed as hellfire arose.
  • 13th Amendment is established

    Slavery of any form is banished in the United States of America
  • Lee surrenders when Union troops arrive at the Appomattox Courthouse

    Lee surrenders when Union troops arrive at the Appomattox Courthouse
    After being surrounded by Grants army, Lee was given no choice by but to surrender under Grants calling. The two commanders met at Appomattox Courthouse and agreed that Lee's army would go home on parole while horses and artillery was surrendered.
  • President Lincoln is assassinated at Ford's Theater

    President Lincoln is assassinated at Ford's Theater
    While attending "Our American Cousin" in Washington DC at Ford's Theater on April 14, a well known actor, John Wilkes Booth, shot Abraham Lincoln in his head with a .44 caliber pistol, however he did not die on the spot. Booth then ran onto the stage and shouted, “Sic semper tyrannis!” Lincoln died the next day at 7:22 am.
  • Confederate President Davis is Captured

    The detachment of James H Wilson's Calvary captures Confederate president Jefferson Davis and his wife in Irwinville, GA.
  • The Grand Review of the Army

    The parade of the Potomac army occurred on May 23, 1865, in celebration of the end of the war. This procession happened from the 23rd to the 24th commending the army.
  • The Execution of Captain Henry Wirz

    The Superintendent of the Andersonville Prison is tried from August until his death on Nov 10th when he is hanged at Old Capital Prison for the killings of Union prisoners during the war.
  • The first historically black university is founded (Fisk University)

    This schoool was the first historically black college to be accreditedSACS. This was a big deal because it was the first in the South (Nashville, Tennesee).
  • Freedman Bureau Act

    This act became a law on July 16, 1866, which extended the bill so that newly freed and provided African Americans, refugees, and displaced southerners with life-sustainable resources like food and water. This basically gave everyone the right to live despite social/economic class.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866 is passed by Congress

    The first law in the United States that directly protects the lives and freedom of African Americans is passed by the United States Congress,
  • President Johnson vetoes the bill

    The reason President Andrew Johnson vetoes this bill is because he did not want to "guarantee anyone citizenship or enforce legislation in every individual state."
  • Congress overrides the veto

    Despite Andrew Johnson's disapproval of the act, the 2/3 vote by the 39th U.S Congress overrules his veto and the Civil Rights act is then passed.
  • Fourteenth Amendment is passed

    This law was passed on this day and is stated and is officially the law of the land that no one should be deprived of freedom, liberty, or humanity. It specifically applies to formerly enslaved people
  • Tennessee is the first state to return to the Union

    After the ratification of the 14th amendment, Tennessee shortly after is readmitted into the United States of America
  • Slave Songs of the United States, the first collection of African American songs is published

    Slave songs of the United States would help formerly enslaved people connect, bond, and relate to each other through this healing. Often while enslaved, this was a pastime. These songs were only published years later after being made and submitted.
  • African American men are allowed to vote

    In Washington D.C on January 8th, 1867, African American men, or any legal American citizen of the differing race was granted the permission and right to vote.
  • Howard University is founded

    Howard University is named after the head of the Freedmen's Bureau where it is founded in the district of Columbia.
  • Congressional Reconstruction Acts

    The bill divided the former Confederate states into five military districts (not including Tennessee. It also outlined the terms for readmission for former slave/Confederate states into the US.
  • The Franklin Riot of 1867

    First Race Riot is held in Tennessee between white police officers and black Americans. 83 dead and an astounding 17,000 arrests.
  • William Seward buys Alaska from Russia

    The United States had purchased Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000. Sometimes it is referred to"Seward's Folly"
  • First Stock Ticket Debut

    The first stock ticker is presented in NYC. The ticker revolutionized the stock market forever and had a large impact on American economy
  • Madam C. J. Walker, the first black millionaire is born

    Madam C. J. Walker, later known as a successful businesswoman and entrepreneur, is born to Minerva Breedlove, Owen Breedlove. Her inspiring story follows: She was orphaned at 7 years old, married at 14, and then she climbed her way up by attending Knoxville college. Later she became the first African American MIllionare.
  • President Abraham Lincoln is sworn in for his second term as President of the United States

    President Abraham Lincoln is sworn in for his second term as President of the United States
    President Lincoln is sworn in for his second term of presidency as the Union prevails, seeks hope, and slavery is almost destroyed,