Lincoln gave his Copper Union speech was his point of view on slavery. He spoke out about how he disliked slavery and wanted to abolish it not expanding it further into the new western territories.
The Pony Express was a source of communication. It delivered much mail and news through stagecoach, it made it fatser to get a delivery during the Civil War because it only took 10 days to deliver.
1860 Presidential Election
The presidential election of 1860 was an important election because that was when Araham Lincoln became the president by popular vote, against Hannibal Hamlin.
Abraham Lincoln is Elected
Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th President of the United States. He was a Republican President and wants to abolish slavery for good.
Senator James Chesnut Jr Withdraws From State
Senator James Chesnut Jr was the senator of Camden, South Carolina he was a lawyer and politician. He was a Democratic senator and was the first southern senator to officially withdraw from the senate.
Senator James Henry Hammond Resigns
Senator Hames Henry Hammond was the senator of South Carolina and was senator/representative from 1857 to 1860. He was an importants attorney, planter and politician.
Georgia Legislature Armed Their State
Georgia's legislature had a bill appropriating almost $1,000,000 to give the proper weapons and arm/equipe as a law for Georgia. To keep them protected as a state during the battles.
First Secsession Convention
The First Secsession Convention met in Columbia, South Carolina.
The Crittenden Compromise Unsuccessfulness
On December 18, 1860 the Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful attempt at permantley keeping slavery in the United States. To make it unconstitutional for any form of congress to end slavery. This was a filed attmpt however, and it was introduced by John J. Crittenden.
South Carolina is First State to Secede
South Carolina was the first state to secede from the union.
Six Other States Seede
After South Carolina six other Southern states secede from the union. The order it follows is Missisipe, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Caolina and Tennesse.
Confederate States of America is Formed
The Confederate States of America was formed by having representatives from Southern States that seceded meet in Montgomery, Alabama to officially form the CSA. The states included South Carolina, Mississpip, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana. They wanted to fight to not abolish slavery.
Jefferson Davis was made the president of the Confederate states of America. This desicion was made when the States met in Montgomery, Alabama and Davis was elected to the position until they could hold proper elecetions. He was the first and only president of the CSA.
Lincoln is Inagurated
Abraham Lincoln is inagurated and becomes the official 16th president of the United States in Washington, D.C.
Battle of Fort Sumter
The Battle of Fort Sumter was the opening battle for the Civil War's beging. On April 12, 1861 in Charleston, South Carolina the Confederte troops had a suprise attack on the union troops.
Southern Forces At Fort Sumter
The Southern/Confederate forces fired at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The beinging of the Civil War and the opener. No one was killed but, it was the start to the bloodiest war in history.
President Lincoln Issues A Proclimation.
On April 15, 1861 President Abraham Lincoln was trying to recruit more troops, so he issued for a proclimation for the state malitias. Lincoln wants to stop the rebellion and rounded up 75,000 troops.
Union Forces Cross Potamic River
The Union forces crossed the Potamic River a few days after Virginia ratified the states decision to secede from the Union. The Colonel Elsworth was shot and died after his troops entered in Alexandra Virginia.
First Interation of Union and Confederate Troops
In a town called Philippi in West Virginia where the Union troops cannoned at the Confederate troops, and hit their tents. It was one of the first clashes between the union and confederate troops in the Civil War.
Battle of Big Bethel
Located in the Virginia Peninsula and it was a Confederate victory. It is important because they had a feeling that the battle would be short.
First Battle of Bull Run
The first Battle of Bull Run occured in Mansanas, Virginia and is known as the first major battle of the civil war. A Union victory, with 3,000 casualties and 1,750 Confederates.
Battle of Wilson's Creek
The Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri was a Confederate victory. After the Confederates counterattcked on the Union soldiers three times they came up with a win. It gave Confederats a control over the southwestern Missouri.
Battle of Wilsons Creek
The Battle of Wilsons Creek in Missouri was one of the first major battles in Missouri and was a Confederate victory. It gave the Confederates control of southwest Missouri.
Fort Hatteras in Cape Hatteras, North Carolina is falling into the Unions naval forces.
Battle of Balls Bluff
The Battle of Balls Bluff in Virginia, where Colonel Edward D. Baker led the Union troops to the Potamic River.
Battle of Mills Springs, Kentucky
The Battle of Mills Springs, Kentucky was a Union victory outcome. It made the Confederates weaker in holding down the state.
Battle of Fort Henery
The Battle of Fort Henery was another major battle in the Civil War. It gave the Union control over Western and middle Tennesee and some of Kentucky.
Battle of Roanoke Island
The Battle of Roanoke Island, North Carolina was a Union victory. The Union General Ambrose Burnside won after his troops capture Roanoke Island. It is important because many Confederate soldiers surrendered.
Battle of Fort Donelson
The Battle of Fort Donelson in Tennesee where the Union forces captured the Confederates on the border of Tennesee and Kentucky, which then opened up the Cumberland River and allowed for the Unions success.
Surrender of Fort Donelson
In Tennesee at the Battle of Fort Donelson gave the Cumberland River to the Union forces. Also the Union General Ulysses S. Grant earned the nickname "Unconditional Surrender".
The Surrenderof Fort Henery
The Surrender of Fort Henery in Tennesee where the Confederates lost the fort on the Tennesee River, which gave the Union troops control.
The Battle of Hampton Roads
Was the first battle of ironclad warships between the north and the south. Took place in Hamptons Roads, Virginia and was a Confederate victory.
McClellan was Fired
Georger McClellan was Fired by President Lincoln at the Battle of Antintam. As he was moving towards the Potamic.
Battle of Shiloh
The Battle of Shiloh in Hardin County, Tennesee was a Union victory. Ulysses S. Grant counter attacked on the Union after there suprise attakc which made it a union victory.
Battle of Pea Ridge
The Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas, which kept a hold on Missouri for the Union and weakened the Confederates control over the Mississipi River.
The Seven Days Battles
In Richmond, Virginia the Seven Days Battles where the Confederates forces won. Where the Union forces tried to capture the Confederates capital.
Second Battle of Bull Run
The second Battle of Bull Run in Mansanas, Virginia and it was a Confederate victory. Robert E. Lee and the Souths boost in morale would later help them in begining to lead to the north.
The Second Battle of Bull Run
The second Battle of Bull Run was a victory for the Confederate forces. It led to the Confederats boost in morale and it was also fought in the same spot as the first Battle of Bull Run.
Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam Sharpsburg, Maryland and it was a Union victory. This battle gave Lincoln a boost in announcing the Emancipation Proclimation. It became a main turning point in the American Civil war.
Battle of Fredericksburg
The Battle of Fredericksbug in Virginia and it was a Confederate victory. The union army suffered a mass amount of casualties on the Potamic, which made it a Confederate victory.
The Emancipation Proclamation
Gave freedom and oppertunity to all slaves, which Lincoln planned on the freedom of all slaves and abolishment of slavery.
Battle of Chancelorsville
The Battle of Chancelorsvillle in Virginia was a Confederate victory. It was a big victory for Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson was very harshly wounded during this battle.
Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg was a Union victory. It signified a great defeat of the Confederacy and the Union had not lost as many casualties as the Confederates. It was in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
Battle of Vicksburg
In Vicksburg, Mississpi a Union victory and it gave them control of the Mississipi River. Where the Confederate Army surrendered to the Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
The Battle of Chickamauga
The Battle of Chickamauga in Georgia was a Confederate victory. It was the largest Confederate victory and after two losses at Gettysburg and Vicksburg this was a successful win.
The Siege of Knoxville, Tennesee
The Siege of Knoxville, Tennesee was where James Longstreet the Confederate General sieged Knoxville and after one failed attempt over 2 weeks he went and joined Robert E. Lee's army near the Northern part of Virginia.
The Gettysburg Address Speech
The Gettysburg Address speech was given by Abraham Lincoln. It was significant because it showed a sense of fait in all people to be "created equal". This speech was a chance for Lincoln to provied peace and unity throughout the US during this difficult time.
The Siege of Chattanooga
In Chattanooga, Tennesee was a Union victory. It was important because the Confederate forces surronded the area and Ulysses S. Grant came back at them with a plan. However, the Union forces did suffer a sever amount of casualties almost 16,000.
Proclimation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
Lincoln issued the Proclimation of Amnesty and Reconstruction and which those who took an oath which promised they would abide by all proclimations that the presiednt made. Specifically, referenced towards slavery and the abolishment of it.
Battle of Stones River
The Battle of Stones River in Tennesee was a Unuion Victory. It boosted the morale of the North and gave them partial control of Tennesee. This battle had the most amount of casualties on each side in the Civil War.
First Successful Submarine Attack
The first successful submarine attck in the Civil War outside of Charleston, South Carolina is where The CSS H.L. Hunley attacked the USS Houstonic. The Confederates where the first to use the submergable craft ships.
Camp Sumter Prison Camp Opens
The unsanitary war prison camp in Georgia opens and soon becomes Andersonville Prison Camp. It was well remembered for being overcrowded and very unsafe/unsanitary, which many prisoners there died.
Ulysses S. Grant Becomes A Lieutenant General
Ulysses S. Grant becomes the Lieutenant General and was appointed by President Lincoln. He controls all of theUnion Army's after that.
Battle of Mansfield
The Battle of Mansfield on April 8, 1864 that is also known as the Battle of Sabine Crossroads in Louisiana. It was a Confederate win and created part of the Red River Campaign.
Battle of Pleasent Hill
The Battle of Pleasent Hill in Louisiana was another part of the formation of the Red River Campaign. It was a Union victory in attempts to drive the Confederate troops out under General Bank's command.
Battle of Fort Pillow
The Battle of Fort Pillow on the Mississipi River in Henning, Tennesee was a Confederate victory. It was a battle where the enslaved people fought for their freedom and the Confederate troops led by General Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked the Union troops.
The Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia
The Battle of Wilderness in Virginia started the "Wilderness Campaign". Neither side had a victory but the Union forces came close to taking the offensive side at the Confederates Capital of Richmond which was ordered by the new Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
The Atlanta Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign was the various amount of Battles in the civil war that were fought in the Western Theater. They were the series of many battles fought around Atlanta, Georgia during the summer in 1864. The goal was to destroy the Army in Tennesee and cut off Confederate supply in Atlanta.
Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia
The Battle of Cold Harbor in Mechanicsville, Virginia was important because of it being a strategic turning point during the Civil War. After many attempts by the Union troops the Confederate forces won after defating the Unions troops.
Abraham Lincoln is Elected for A Second Term
Abraham Lincoln is elected a second term after many people viewed him as a political hero. He ran against George B. McClellan.
Red River Campaign
The Red River Campaign was a Union's strategy to attack at the Confederacy. General Nathaniel Banks started the Red River Campaign in Louisiana. The army and navy combined resulted in a Confederate victory.
Attack on Fort Stedman
The attck on Fort Stedman in Petersburg, Virginia was also known as the Battle of Hares Hill. The Union army surrounded a fortification to siege to Confederate forces. It was also known as "Lee's last offensive". Overall, it was a Union victory.
The Battle of Five Forks
The Battle of Five Forks in the southwestern part of Petersburg, Virginia was important because Lee's Union army had a plan to cut off the railroads an sources for transportation to attack the Confederate forces.
Thrid Battle of Petersburg
The Third Battle of Petersburg in Virgina resulted in the breakthrough of Petersburg. It eneded in a Union victory as the result.
Battle of Sailors Creek
The Battle of Sailors Creek was one of the last interactions between the Union and Confederate army in Northern Virginia. Where the Union general Ulysses S. Grant had success in cutting off the line of retreat, resulting in the Union victory.
The Civil War Ends
The American Civil war which lasted from April 12, 1861 to April 9, 1865 finally ends. The Union wins, slavery is abolished and the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments are ratified in the US.
The Assasination of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was assasinated in Fords Theater in Washington, D.C. He was then shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth. Then he later died the next morning.
President Andrew Johnson Elected
President Andrew Johnson became president after the assasination of Abraham Lincoln. He was vice president but on for a short amount of time before he was moved up to presidency.
General Richard Taylor Surrenders
The General Richar Taylor Surrenders all of the Confederate forces. He surrenders them in the Department of Alabama, Mississpi and East Louisiana.
Jefferson Davis is Captured
Jefferson Davis who was the president of the Confederate States of America was captured. He was captured near irwinville, Georgia. Then later brought to be imprisoned in Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia.
Final Battle of the Civil War
The final Battle of the American Civil war took place in Palmito Ranch, Texas. It resulted in a Confederate victory.
The 13th Amendment was passed by congress. It was passed on January 31, 1865 and then ratified on December 6th. This amendment would abolish slavery for all.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 would enable all people who were born in the United States were to be citizens. This would not discriminate based on race or gender. President Johnson vetoed the act but it was overturned.
Riots Break Out in Memphis
The Memphis massacre in 1866 was a series of various violent outbreak events. One of the police tried attempting to arrest a black man, which caused an outbreak of riots.
The 14th Amendment was passed by the US Congress and gave the rights to citizenship to any born person in the US created the equal citizenship towards African Americans.
The Judicial Circuts Acts
The Judicial Circuts Acts of 1866 were to organize a new circut court way in the US. It also provided many eliminations in the court rulling of seats on the Supreme court. This law was signed by President Andrew Johnson.
Tennesee Readmitted to The Union
Tennesee was the first state to rejoin the Union. Many of the people that lived in Tennesee opposed the 14th Amendment and wanted to ratify it by Tennesee's rwadmission to the Union.
Tennesee Rejoins the Union
After the 14th Amendment was ratified Tennesee rejoined the Union faster than any other state was to secede.
Grant is Titled General of The Armt
After the US Congress passed the legislation that authorized the ranking of the Genral of the Army. Which Ulysses S. Grantwas granted into that role as General of the Army.
The National Union Convention
The National Union Convention was a convention that met in Philidelphia. The met in 1866 of August and were trying to create a political party that gave President Andrew Johnsons program of Reconstruction electing a new form of Congress.
The War Has Officially Ended
After many years the President at the time, which was Johnson decides the Civil war is declared as over.
The H.O.R. Elections
These elections were a major win for the Republcian political party. So that they could overide any of the vetos made by President Andrew Johnson. The won on each side of the senate which gave them an advantage.
African American Men Can Veto
The free African American men are given all the rights to be able to veto. The US Congress was able to ovveride the veto by President Johnson in Washington, D.C.
The First Reconstruction Act
The First Reconstruction Act was passed and also known as the Military Reconstruction Act. Where the South diveded into five military districts.
Reconstruction Act of 1867
The Reconstruction Act of 1867 were terms for reentering rebel states and their representaion. It diveded those Southern states into 5 different miltaries.
Jesse James Robbed a Savings Bank
In 1867 Jesse James who was an American outlaw robbed a Daviess County Savings Assosiation in Gallatin, Missouri. He did this because of the one failed attempt and a casualty.
The Purchase of Alaska
The Purchase of Alaska in 1867 was when the United States bought Alaska from Russia. They bought it for $7.2 million and they purchased Alaska to create more of a 'pacific power'. The US did not want England to establish any territory there.
First Elevated Railroad
On July 2, 1867 the first ever elevated railroad service starts in the US. Its services start in New York, USA.
The Third Reconstruction Act
The Thirds Reconstruction Act was when President Johnson vetoed the act that gave instructions and procedures in the Southern areas. Which gave power to 5 of the Union generals apart of the act in each distrect of the south.
President Johnson Vetos All Reconstruction Bills Passed
President Andrew Johnson vetoed almost all of the Reconstruction Bills that had been passed by congress. Furtermore, Congress and President Johnson didn't agree with eachother because congress did not think Johnsons plans protected all the rights politicaly and civil of all free slaves.
President Johnson susspended Stanton
In 1867 President Johnson susspended Edwin M. Stanton after many difficult dissagrements as he was Secretary of War. They had many dissagreemnts about the Reconstruction Acts plans and Johnson puts Grant in Stantons spot.
US Gains Control of Midway Island
On September 30, 1867 the US gains control over Midway Island which is near Honolulu, Hawaii. The US Navy helps in the taking control over Midway.