Lincoln delivered a forceful and well-reasoned argument against the spread of enslavement
The Pony Express Begins
The pony express is an American express mail service that was run by horse riders that traveled from Missouri to California and delivered mail, such as letters, in rapid time.
Henry Rifle is created
Tyler Henry designs a new rifle that shot faster than any other making a huge advancement during the civil war.
First Battle of Lexington
This battle is also known as the Battle of Hemp Bales and was a minor conflict of the Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln wins the election
Republican Abraham Lincoln wins the election agaisnt John C. Breckinridge with 1,865,908 popular votes and 180 electoral votes.
The nation is used to being led by a democrat but now its taking its first shift over with a republican president.
First Succession Convention
The first Secession Convention meets in Columbia, South Carolina to discuss and debate the state's independence from the United States of America.
Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky proposed the Crittenden Compromise. It was a proposal to make it unconstitutional for Congress to end slavery in the future, this comprise was unsuccessful.
South Carolina Secedes
South Carolina is the first state to secede from the union and join the Confederate States of America.
South Carolina Flag of 1860
When succeeding from the Union South Carolina declared its own state flag.
Mississippi seceded from the Union and joined the Confederates States of America.
Florida secedes from the Union and joins the Confederate States of America.
Alabama seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America.
Georgia secedes from the Union and joins the Confederate States of America
Lousiana Secedes from the Union and joins the Confederate States of America.
The Confederates States of America is formed
As more states began to secede from the Union, the Confederate states met in Montgomery, Alabama to organize a government and elected Jefferson Davis as the confederate president.
The Confederate military attacked the U.S military at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The United States military ended up surrendering. Nobody was killed yet, this began the Civil War.
McClellan becomes union general
Geroge B. McClellan, governor of Nj, becomes the general of the Union army.
Battle of Big Bethel
The first land battle of the Civil War in Virginia was fought on the Virginia Peninsula.
First Battle of Bull Run
The first major battle of the Civil War fought in Prince William County,Virgina.
Surrender of Fort Henry
First Union victory which opened up the Tennesse river water route to the Union. The battle was fought in Donelson, Tennessee.
Battle of Roanoke Island
Fought in North Carolina and was the opening phase of the Burnside Expedition. Union Victory.
Battle of Hampton Roads
The first engagement of the ironclad warships during the war. Despite the fact that the union suffered more casualties this battle proves the union had better strategies.
Battle of Shiloh
This battle was fought in Tennesse and earned its name due to a church located on the battlefield names "Shiloh". Union Victory.
Laws that granted citizens of the U.S government land (160 acres) called "Homestead." These acts helped with the nation's economic growth.
The Morrill Land-Grant Acts
These acts provided grants of land to help finance establishments of colleges in order to benefit mechanic art and agriculture.
Battle of Harpers Ferry
This battle was fought in Maryland as apart of the Maryland Campaign, 12,700 Union troops were captured. Huge surrender for the Union and a big victory for the Confederates.
The Battle of the Second Bull Run
The Second Battle of Bull Run was the deciding battle in the Civil War campaign waged between Union and Confederate armies in northern Virginia in 1862.
Battle of Antietam
The deadliest single-day battle in American history was fought in Maryland. This union victory showed that the Union could stand against the confederate army.
McClellan is fired
Because McClellan allowed the Condefrate troops to regroup again and failed to claim victory, Lincoln fired him as the Union general.
Declared that all states in the United States of America must free all slaves
The Battle of Chancellorsville
Fought in Virginia and was one of General Lees greatest victories.
Stonewall Jackson dies
Jackson was mistakenly shot and needed an amputation which caused him to catch pneumonia and die 8 days later.
Sacking of Lawrence
Pro slavery settlers were lead by Samuel J.Jones in an attack on a anti slavery town in Kanas who wished to make Kansas a free state.
Battle of Brandy Station
Largest cavalry battle fought in North America (Virginia) Confederate Victory
Lincoln Admits West Virginia to the Union.
The state of Virginia became massively divided over slavery and therefore split into two separate states (Virgina and West Virgina)none pro slavery and one anti slavery. Lincoln admitted West Virgina to the Union
Battle of Gettysburg
Fought in Gettysburg Pensslyivnia and was a Union Victory that gave the union a morale boost and put an end to any possible invasion of the North
Speech that U.S president Lincoln gave at the cemetery of all soldiers who fought in the war. The peace encouraged everyone to put the war to an end and to become unified again.
Battle of Chattanooga
Consisted of separate battles that took place in the course of three days along the Tennesse River. Union victories.
Lincolns 10% plan
Lincoln offered this plan to help the reconstruction of the United States. This was a formal Proclamation of Amnesty.
Libby Prison Escape
This was a confederate Prison in Richmond, Virginia that 100 union soldiers escaped from by digging an inground tunnel.
First Successful Submarine Attack
This staged night attack was an Important turning point in Naval warfare.
Andersonville prison opens
This prison becomes recognized for its harsh conditions and high death rates of inmates. This proves the inhumanity during the war.
Ulysses S. Grant is appointed lieutenant general
Lincoln reviews Grants ranking and gives Grant the duties of all union forces
The Red River Campaign begins
A Union strategy to strike deep into various parts of the Confederacy, a combined force of army and navy begins a campaign on the Red River located Louisiana
Battle of Sabine Crossroads
The first major battle of the Red River Campaign. Union forces attempted to capture Losianas capital.
Battles near Tupelo
Fought in Mississippi. Confederate victory that secured the supply lines to Sherman's armies operating against Atlanta, Georgia.
Battle of Ream's Station
A surprise counterattack on the Union troops which stop them from destroying the Weldon Railroad.
George McClellan is nominated by the democratic party
Lincoln runs for his second term agaisnt McClellan who he had previously fired from being a war general.
The "March to the Sea" begins
General Sherman's Army of Georgia marches the most destructive camping against a civilian population. They stole food and livestock.
Second Battle of Fort Fisher
Successful assault by the Union army on Fort Fisher, a Fort that Protected the Confederate's trade routes.
Abolishes slavery in the United States
President Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated for his second term as president
Lincoln wins with 55% popular votes and serves his second term
Departure of Petersburg and Richmond
General Lee abandons both cities and moves his army west in hopes of joining Confederate forces under General Johnston in North Carolina. This shows weakening in the military.
The Battle of Sailor's Creek
Last major engagement between the Union and the Confederates. This battle was fought in Farmville, Virginia.
Surrender of General Lee
General Lee meets with Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court and surrenders to officially end the war. Lincoln is generous with the terms.
President Lincoln is Assassinated
Actor John Booth assassinates President Lincoln at the Fords Theater. Andrew Johnson becomes President of the USA
General Richard Taylor surrenders Confederate forces
Confederate forces surrender in the Departments of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.
Jefferson Davis is captured
Union Army captured Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Irwinville, Georgia.
The Battle of Palmito Ranch
Final Battle of the Civil war fought in Texas. (Add on battle even though the war was technically over)
Fisk University is Established
This university educates new freed slaves of all ages
Civil Rights Act 1866
declared all persons born in the United States to be citizens, "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude
Ford’s theater purchased
The U.S. government purchased Ford's Theatr which is the site of President Abraham Lincoln's assassination.
14th Amendment is passed
All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
Tennessee is readmitted
The first Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union.
UUlysses S. Grant Becomes the First Four-Star General in U.S. History
The general is ranked to the highest possible rank to honor his achievements. "general of armies"
National Union Convention
Meeting held in Philadelphia where Johnson spoke and tried to unite both sides of different political views.
Peace with texas
Presidential Proclamation Declaring a State of Peace Between Texas and the United States
War finally declared over
President Jhonson created a proclamation that announces the official end of the American Civil War:
State of Union Address
Peace, order, tranquillity, and civil authority have been formally declared to exist throughout the whole of the United States
African American Men Voting
African American men gain the right to vote in the District of Columbia
Andrew Johnson impeachment initation
The primary charge against Johnson was that he had violated the Tenure of Office Act.
Eads Bridge is starting to be built
Eads Bridge was the first bridge across the Mississippi south of the Missouri River and was completed in 1874
Nebraska becomes a state
President Andrew Johnson reluctantly signed the proclamation declaring Nebraska's statehood.
Reconstruction Act 1867
outlined the terms for readmission to the representation of rebel states to be readmitted. They were established into 5 military districts.
Tenure of office Act passed
a federal law that was intended to restrict the power of the president to remove certain office-holders without the approval of the Senate.
The United States reached an agreement to purchase Alaska from Russia for a price of $7.2 million.
Jefferson Davis is released from Jail
Davis was free from prison on bail from Fort Monroe Virginia, after three months of legal litigation His bail was $10,000.
Johnson fires Edwin Stanton
President Andrew Johnson removed Edwin Stanton from office as the Secretary of War.
Formal annexation of Midway Island
The United States took formal possession of the unoccupied islands in 1867