Union soldiers capture vicksburg during the american civil war

Lily Richichi Civil War Timeline

  • Period: to

    Civil War

    Civil War
  • Talk of Secession

    Talk of Secession
    Jefferson Davis comes out in favor of secession for the first time
  • Lincoln is Elected

    Lincoln is Elected
    Lincoln is elected president receiving 180 of 303 electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote
  • South Carolina Meeting

    South Carolina Meeting
    South Carolina calls for a meeting on December 17 to decide if the state should secede from the Union
  • First Southern Secedes

    First Southern Secedes
    James Chesnut becomes the first Southerner to resign from the Senate
  • Tennessee Talks Secession

    Tennessee Talks Secession
    Governor Harris calls for a special secession of the Tennessee legislature to consider secession
  • South Carolina Decides

    South Carolina Decides
    On December 17, South Carolina Secessionist Convention decides to secede from the Union
  • Crittenden Compromise

    Crittenden Compromise
    John Crittenden proposes an idea which allowed states south of the old Missouri Compromise line to determine themselves whether they are a free or slave state
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    South Carolina is the first state to secede from the Union
  • Representatives Withdraw

    Representatives Withdraw
    South Carolina representatives withdraw from the U.S. House
  • Charleston Telegraph

    Charleston Telegraph
    Charleston is notified by telegraph that a man of war with troops is on the way there
  • Florida Secedes

    Florida Secedes
    Florida secedes from the Union
  • Mississippi Secedes

    Mississippi Secedes
    Mississippi secedes from the Union
  • Alabama Secedes

    Alabama Secedes
    Alabama Secedes from the the Union
  • Georgia Secedes

    Georgia Secedes
    Georgia secedes from the Union
  • Louisiana Secedes

    Louisiana Secedes
    Louisiana secedes from the Union
  • Texas Secedes

    Texas Secedes
    Texas secedes from the Union
  • Abraham Lincoln Becomes President

    Abraham Lincoln Becomes President
    Abraham Lincoln officially becomes the 16th President of the United States of America
  • Confederate Constitution Signed

    Confederate Constitution Signed
    The confederate states signed The Constitution of Confederate States in Alabama
  • War is Declared

    War is Declared
    Civil War begins in Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861
  • Anderson Surrenders at Fort Sumter

    Anderson Surrenders at Fort Sumter
    Major Anderson surrenders Fort Sumter to the south after being attacked for two days
  • Virginia Secedes

    Virginia Secedes
    Virginia secedes from the Union
  • Arkansas Secedes

    Arkansas Secedes
    Arkansas secedes from the Union
  • Tennessee Secedes

    Tennessee Secedes
    Tennessee secedes from the Union
  • North Carolina Secedes

    North Carolina Secedes
    North Carolina is the last state to secede from the Union making 11 confederate states
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    The first official battle of the war is at Bull Run in Virginia. The Union was very disorganization and could not make an advancement through the Confederates. Soon, the Union retreats and Confederates are to tired to follow them
  • Lincoln Calls for more men

    Lincoln Calls for more men
    After the Battle of Bull Run, Lincoln requests 500,000 more men
  • Fort Henry Captured

    Fort Henry Captured
    Grant captured Fort Henry and ten days later Fort Donelson. He later earns the nickname "Unconditional Surrender"
  • Lincolns Son Dies

    Lincolns Son Dies
    Lincolns 11 year old son Willie dies from a fever most likely caused by drinking polluted water in the White House
  • Battle of Shiloh (Day 1)

    Battle of Shiloh (Day 1)
    Grant takes his men to a church in Tennessee named Shiloh. The Confederates surprise the men early in the morning.
  • Battle of Shiloh (Day 2)

    Battle of Shiloh (Day 2)
    By the second day Grant reorganizes the troops and pushes the rebels back. 1/4 of the 100,000 men were killed there.
  • Battle of Seven Pines

    Battle of Seven Pines
    General Johnston's army attacks McClellan's troops in Richmond and nearly defeats them. But, Johnston is badly wounded
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E. Lee
    Lee gets command of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia
  • Seven Days

    Seven Days
    A series of battles known as the Seven Day's Battles from June 25th to July 1st. McClellan moved his men down the Potomac River where he met Lee at the peninsula of the York and James River.
  • General Halleck

    General Halleck
    President Lincoln hands over the tasks of general-in-chief to General Henry W. (Old Brains) Halleck
  • Antietam

    Antietam was the bloodiest single day battle in United States history with more than 26,000 casualties. After this battle, Lincoln fires McClellan for having 'the slows'
  • Fredricksburg

    Union general Burnside tried to capture a confederate zone and suffers a horrible defeat which costs the the Union 13,000 casualites
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was delivered by Abraham Lincoln. This allowed freed African Americans to enlist in the Union army.
  • First Draft

    First Draft
    Congress enacts the first military draft in American history. This draft ordered every man to serve in the army unless they can pay the government $300
  • Chancellorville

    The three day battle where Lee divides his army in order to face the Union and defeats them. The South has 13,000 casualties while the North suffered 17,000
  • Stonewall Jackson Dies

    Stonewall Jackson Dies
    Jackson dies from wounds sustained when he was mistakenly shot by his own troops at Chancellorsville
  • Gettysburg (Day 1)

    Gettysburg (Day 1)
    The first day of this three day battle, both sides met by chance on a small farm in Pennsylvania. The shooting starts with 90,000 men under Meade's command and 75,000 men under Lee's command
  • Gettysburg (Day 2)

    Gettysburg (Day 2)
    Lee orders men to advance from Seminary Ridge to Cemetery Hill. The South pushed through the Union who forgot to leave men to guard Little Round Top which gives them a chance to take the high ground.
  • Gettysburg (Day 3)

    Gettysburg (Day 3)
    Lee thought that he could break the Union lines. Longstreet orders troops to advance but are stopped hurt by the Union Artillery. The Union never counter attacks yet Lee fears it.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    Grant takes Vicksburg after a long siege leaving the Union control of the entire Mississippi River.
  • Riots over Drafting

    Riots over Drafting
    Riots breakout in New York and northern cities leaving 120 African American men, women, and children dead over the governments attempts to begin conscription
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Grant Takes Control

    Grant Takes Control
    Lincoln places Grant commander of all Union armies
  • Virginia Campaign

    Virginia Campaign
    Grant and 120,000 troops marched toward Richmond. As a result, over the next six weeks over 50,000 Union soldiers die
  • Battle of the Wilderness

    Battle of the Wilderness
    During this battle, thousands of men caught on fire and burned to death in the woods
  • Battle of Spotslvania

    Battle of Spotslvania
    Grant attacks Lee in Spotslvania. Grant loses more soldiers then the South but Lee is still forced to retreat
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    Grant costs the Union 7,000 casualties in twenty minutes during the Rebels at Cold Harbor in Virginia
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    The Union army misses their chance to capture Petersburg which causes a nine month siege
  • Lincolns Competition

    Lincolns Competition
    George B. McClellan for president to run against Lincoln
  • Atlanta Captured

    Atlanta Captured
    Atlanta is captured by Sherman's army
  • Shenandoah Valley brings Union a Win

    Shenandoah Valley brings Union a Win
    Union get victory in the Shenandoah Valley lead by Union General Sheridan in
  • Lincolns 2nd Term

    Lincolns 2nd Term
    Lincoln is re-elected in the 1864 election
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Congress approves the 13th amendment that will abolish slavery
  • Union Captures Richmond

    Union Captures Richmond
    The Union army captures Richmond, the capital of the Confederates
  • Lincolns Second Inauguration

    Lincolns Second Inauguration
    Lincoln is sworn in for his second presidential term
  • Siege of Petersburg Ends

    Siege of Petersburg Ends
    Grant army breaks through Confederate line and makes his way toward Richmond
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    Lee surrenders to Grant in a farm house in the town of the Appomattox Court House. This will end the war
  • Celebration

    Celebration breaks out in Washington
  • Lincoln Shot

    Lincoln Shot
    Lincoln is shot in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth
  • Lincoln Dies

    Lincoln Dies
    Lincoln dies the next morning, Vice President Andrew Johnson will take over the presidency
  • Johnston Surrenders

    Johnston Surrenders
    General Johnston surrenders in North Carolina after leading the largest Confederate army still in existence
  • Slavery Abolished

    Slavery Abolished
    The 13th amendment is ratified by the states making slavery abolished
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    United States Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, the first rights that protect African Americans
  • Johnson Vetoes

    Johnson Vetoes
    President Johnson vetoes the Civil Rights Act
  • Veto Overrided

    Veto Overrided
    Congress override President Johnson veto on the Civil Rights Act

    The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is founded in New York Henry Bergh
  • Nickel is Improved

    Nickel is Improved
    Congress approved the minting of a nickel, removing the half dime
  • Tennessee Comes Back

    Tennessee Comes Back
    Tennessee is the first state allowed back into the Union
  • General of Army

    General of Army
    Congress passes legislation authorizing the rank of General of Army to Grant
  • Metric Act

    Metric Act
    The Metric Act becomes a law and legalizes the use of the metric system for weights and measures in the United States
  • Telegraph Expansion

    Telegraph Expansion
    Western Union Telegraph Expedition to Alaska begins its second season
  • House Elections

    House Elections
    The Republican party wins The House of Representatives elections by a landslide
  • John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge

    John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge
    John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge opens between Cincinnati Ohio and Covington, Kentucky, becoming the longest suspension bridge in the world
  • African American granted right to vote

    African American granted right to vote
    African American men a granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia
  • Nebraska

    Nebraska is admitted as the 37th U.S. State
  • Alaska is Purchased

    Alaska is Purchased
    Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million from Alexander ll of Russia
  • Atlantic mine is named in Montana

    Atlantic mine is named in Montana
    The Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode mine is named in Montana
  • Railroad

    The first elevated railroad in the U.S. begins in New York
  • First Dental School

    First Dental School
    In Boston, Harvard Dental School is established making it the first dental school in the United States
  • Midway Island

    Midway Island
    United States takes control of Midway Island
  • Charles Dickson

    Charles Dickson
    Charles Dickson gives his first public reading in a New York theater
  • Train Crash

    Train Crash
    A train crash kills 49 people in New York