Peter fonda's american flag patch


  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    President Lincoln is sworn into office.
  • Confederate States Formed

    Confederate States Formed
    The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Army officer, as president.
  • Secession during the Civil War

    Secession during the Civil War
    The first state secede was South Carolina.
  • Secession during the Civil War

    Secession during the Civil War
    The second state to secede was Mississippi.
  • Secession during the Civil War

    Secession during the Civil War
    The next day Florida secedes.
  • Secession during the Civil War

    Secession during the Civil War
    The 4th state to secede was Alabama.
  • Secession during the Civil War

    Secession during the Civil War
    The next state to secede was Georgia.
  • Secession during the Civil War

    Secession during the Civil War
    The next state to secede was Louisiana.
  • Fort Sumter Attacked

    Fort Sumter Attacked
    At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins.
  • Battle of Philippi

    Battle of Philippi
    The first land battle of the Civil War.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    The Union Army under Gen. Irvin McDowell suffers a defeat at Bull Run
  • New appointed commander

    New appointed commander
    General McClellan appointed to command the army of the Potomac.
  • McClellan ignores Lincoln

    McClellan ignores Lincoln
    Lincoln issues the first General War Order, telling all land and sea army forces to advance. McClellan igornes this.
  • Greenbacks

    This was a form of paper money introduced by Lincoln. It was the unified money for the United States and was used by the Union army. This money was distributed longer then any other money.
  • Internal Revenue Law

    Internal Revenue Law
    This law would give the government funds to use towards the civil war. It put a tax on inheritance, tobacco, and incomes over $600.
  • Alice in Wonderland

    Alice in Wonderland
    Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland during Civil War.
  • Freedom in the North

    Freedom in the North
    The Union finally allows African Americans to fight in the war.
  • Conscription Act

    Conscription Act
    Davis and the Confederate Congress approve the conscription act. This calls forward any white male ages 18 to 35 to fight for the confederate army.
  • Antietam

    The battle of Antietam is the bloodiest single day battle in American history. Neither side won the war but the Confederate retreat during the battle made it a victory in Lincoln's eyes
  • Lincoln issues a Proclamation

    Lincoln issues a Proclamation
    Lincoln's plan for Emancipation is published in the Union newspapers. This gives the slaves hope for their freedom and even more of a reason behind the war.
  • Grant and his dislikes

    Grant and his dislikes
    Grant issues an order to bar Jewish people from serving under his command. This is horribly ironic because he is fighting to free a group of people because of the harsh treatment they are receiving.
  • Racism

    Lincoln orders 39 Sioux Indian men to be hanged. This is crazy because he is trying to gain one group of people equality and he should be doing the same things for the Native Americans.
  • Emancipation

    Lincoln signs the Emancipation and officially frees 3.1 million of the nation's slaves. This document only freed slaves that were not under Union control but allowed them to serve in the Union army.
  • National Bank

    National Bank
    Lincoln signs the National Banking Act, making it a law. It put someone in charge of controlling currency and it led to the creation of local banks.
  • The Confederates adding numbers

    The Confederates adding numbers
    The National Conscription Act is signed, forcing males aged 18-35 into joining the Union Army, The signing of this act led to the week long New York Draft Riots.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    This battle took place from May 1st to May 4th, ending in a Confederate victory. Both sides lost many of their soldiers, the Union casualties were 17,500 men and the Confederate casualties were 13,000. The most devestating Confederate loss was General Stonewall Jackson.
  • Gettysburg

    This is the largest battle of the Civil War, taking place in a field in Gettysburg, Pennyslvania. General Meade's Union forces turn back Lee's Confederates during this battle. There were 28,000 Confederate casualties and 23,000 Union casualties. This is a Union Victory.
  • Robert E. Lee resigns

    Robert E. Lee resigns
    Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the Confederate Army after a loss at Gettysburg.
  • Battle of Lawrence

    Battle of Lawrence
    This battle took place in Lawrence, Kansas, the site of much previous violence over the issue of slavery. William Qauntrill's raiders kill over 200 men and boys.
  • Thanksgiving

    Lincoln declares Thanksgiving a national holiday to be celebrated the last Thursday in November, This holiday is to celebrate the colonists and Native Americans coming together and sharing their resources. This is ironic because during Lincoln's time the Natives were still being treated with disrespect.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln's speech dedicating the military cemetary at Gettysburg. The address is not very long but considered the most influential speech. It boosted Northern morale and made them feel like there was a purpose behind the war.
  • Morgan's Escape

    Morgan's Escape
    John Hunt Morgan, a confederate calvary leader, and some of his men escape the Ohio state prison. They escape by cutting a hole in a cell and crawling through the ventilation system. They return safetly to the South and Morgan picks up his calvary activities. Later in the war he is killed by the Union army.
  • Andersonville

    The first 500 prisoners of war arrive at the Confederate prison camp, Andersonville. This was the harshest prison camp of the Civil War. Many of the men held there did not survive because of the brutal conditions faced there.
  • Coinage Act of 1864

    Coinage Act of 1864
    Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864. This act states the the inscription "In God we Trust" must be on all coins that are to be used as US currency.
  • Conscription Hoax

    The New York World and the New York Journal of Commerce publish an article stating that Lincoln has drafted 400,000 more soldiers into the Union army, The public decided it was not true when they found that only two papers had published the news.
  • Arlington National Cemetery

    Arlington National Cemetery
    The Arlington National Cemetary is established by Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. It is created using 200 acres land from Robert E Lee's home, Arlington House.
  • Lincoln's Conscription Law

    Lincoln's Conscription Law
    Lincoln signs away the fee that someone could pay to avoid being drafted into the Union Army.
  • Confederates Spy

    Confederates Spy
    Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union forces. He is held at the Old Capital Prison in Washington D.C.
  • Gold

    Helena, Montana is founded by four prospectors. They create it after finding gold at Last Chance Gulch
  • Lincoln's Re-election

    Lincoln's Re-election
    Lincoln is re-elected in 1864. His victory is overwhelming because of how many votes he received over George B. McClellan.
  • Confederate Army of Manhattan

    Confederate Army of Manhattan
    A group of Confederate operatives that call themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan set fires in more then 20 places.
  • Sherman's march to sea

    Sherman's march to sea
    At Waynesboro, Georgia forces the Union prevent Confederate troops from interfering with General Sherman's plan to destroy part of the South by matching to Savannah, Georgia. Union suffers three times as many casualties as the Confederacy.
  • Fort Stedman

    Fort Stedman
    The Confederate forces capture Fort Stedman from the Union forces. About 2,900 of Lee's men are killed and 1,000 are captured during the counter attack.
  • Davis runs

    Davis runs
    Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his cabinet flee the confederate capital, Richmond, Virginia as Union forces near it. The very next day it is captured by the Union.
  • Lee surrenders

    Lee surrenders
    General Lee surrenders to General Grant at Appottamax courthouse. This marks the end of the Civil War!!
  • Lincoln is shot

    Lincoln is shot
    John Wilkes Booth shoots President Lincoln at Fords Theater during a performance of My American Cousin.
  • Booth is found

    Booth is found
    John Wilkes Booth is captured in a barn in Virginia at the Garret's farm. He is shot and killed by Boston Corbett.
  • Juneteenth

    General Granger arrives in Texas and tells them about the Emancipation Proclamation. It is now celebrated as holiday called Juneteenth.
  • Conspirators hanged

    Conspirators hanged
    The four conspirators in Lincoln's assassination are hanged. These men are Davide Harold, George Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary Surratt. John Surratt escapes to Canada and later makes his way to Egypt so he does not pay for his involvement in Lincoln's death.
  • Henry Wirz

    Henry Wirz
    Major Henry Wirz is hanged. He was the leader of the atrocious war camp, Andersonville. He becomes the only soldier hanged for war crimes.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment is ratified by three-quarters of the states. This amendment permenantly abolishes slavery in the United States.
  • The KKK

    The KKK
    Jonathan Shank and Barry Ownby form the Ku Klux Klan to resist reconstruction as well as to repress the freed African Americans.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    The last issue of the Liberator is published. The newspaper has now becomes unnecessary because the slaves have been freed.
  • Jesse James

    Jesse James
    The first day light bank robbery takes place in Liberty, Missouri. This was carried out by Jesse James and his gang.

    The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is founded in New York by Henry Bergh.
  • Nickel

    Congress approves the minting of a five cent piece, know as the nickel. This eliminates the half dime.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment is ratified. This gives civil rights to all the freed African Americans.
  • Tennessee

    Following the Civil War Tennessee becomes the first state readmitted to the Union.
  • General of the Army

    General of the Army
    Congress passes the legislation making General of the Army a rank. Ulysses S. Grant is the first to hold that title.
  • Atlantic Cable

    Atlantic Cable
    The Atlantic Cable is established allowing transatlantic telegraph communication for the first time.
  • The First Train Robbery

    The First Train Robbery
    The first train robbery takes place. The Reno brothers get away with $13,000.
  • Jesse James and his gang pt. 2

    Jesse James and his gang pt. 2
    Jesse James and his gang robs another bank in Lexington, Missouri. They get away with $2,000.
  • African Americans can vote too!!

    African Americans can vote too!!
    African American males are given the right to vote in Washington D.C. Congress over came President Johnson's veto to give the African Americans this right.
  • Jess James and his gang are back

    Jess James and his gang are back
    Jesse James robs a bank in Savannah, Missouri. The attempt failed with one casualty.
  • Reconstruction Act

    Reconstruction Act
    The first reconstruction act sets up five military districts in the South, each under the control of a military commander. The Army Appropriations Act is passed, lessening Johnsons' control on the army. The final act passed is The Tenure Office Act which states that Johnson cannot remove cabinet members without the Senate's consent.
  • Protest of Segregation

    Protest of Segregation
    African Americans stage a ride on streetcars in New Orleans to protest segregation.
  • Alaska

    President Andrew Johnson announces the purchase of Alaska. This would be the second to last state added to the United States of America.
  • Third Reconstruction Act

    Third Reconstruction Act
    Johnson vetoes the third reconstruction act which spells out election procedures in the South and reasserts congressional control over the Reconstruction. Congress overrides Johnsons' veto.
  • Johnson suspends Stanton

    Johnson suspends Stanton
    Johnson suspends Stanton as Secretary of War after the two clash over reconstruction plans. Johnson places Ulysses S. Grant in the position.
  • Alaska pt. 2

    Alaska pt. 2
    The United States officially takes possesion of Alaska from Russia. $7.2 million is paid for it.
  • Impeachment of Johnson

    Impeachment of Johnson
    Congress looks into impeaching Johnson for his lack of effectiveness and unwillingness to follow through with reconstruction.
  • Farmers Organization Grange

    Farmers Organization Grange
    Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry. Today this order is known as the farmers organization Grange.