American civil war battle 300x213

Civil War 1860-1867

By Kearnsj
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    Jefferson Davis supports the succession of southern states for the first time.
  • Copper Institute

    Copper Institute
    Abraham Lincoln delivered one of his longest speeches at the Copper Institute. He showed that he intended for Congress to regulate slavery.
  • Union Party

    Union Party
    The Union party selects its President and Vice President.
  • South Carolina Considers Succession

    South Carolina Considers Succession
    Due to the different views between the north and the south at this time, South Carolina is considering to leave the United States.
  • Abraham Lincoln is elected President

    Abraham Lincoln is elected President
    Abraham is elected President of the United States. He received 103 electoral votes.
  • Secede Convention

    Secede Convention
    South Carolina held a convention to decide if the state should leave the Union.
  • James Chestnut Resigns

    James Chestnut Resigns
    Senator James Chestnut is the first southern senator to resign from the Senate.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Robert Anderson reports Fort Sumter is being threatened in Charleston.
  • Independent Nation Convention

    Independent Nation Convention
    Georgia calls for a convention of Southern states to form an independent nation.
  • Southern States Succeed

    Southern States Succeed
    South Carolina secedes from Union. Followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
  • Southern States Unite

    Southern States Unite
    The southern states form the Confederate States of America. Jefferson Davis is selected as president.
  • Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as President

    Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as President
    Lincoln was sworn in as the United States 16th President. He was the first Republican to take office.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The Confederate forces launch an attack against Fort Sumter. This marks the start of the Civil War.
  • President Lincoln issues Proclamation

    President Lincoln issues Proclamation
    Lincoln issued a proclamation for 75,000 troops to suppress the rebellion.
  • Virginia Secedes from the United States

    Virginia Secedes from the United States
    Virginia secedes from the Union, followed by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
  • Blockade of Southern ports

    Blockade of Southern ports
    President Lincoln issues proclamation to block all Southern ports to prevent the south from receiving supplies for the war.
  • Lincoln calls for reinforcements

    Lincoln calls for reinforcements
    Lincoln calls 500 thousand men to support the Union army.
  • Bull Run

    Bull Run
    The Union army with General Irvin McDowell gets defeated at Bull Run. Confederate Thomas J. Jackson earns the nickname "Stonewall,"
  • George B. McClellan

    George B. McClellan
    Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as commander of the department of Potomac
  • McClellan promoted

    McClellan promoted
    Lincoln promotes McClellan to General-in-Chief of the entire Union army.
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry, and ten days later Fort Donelson.
  • Shiloh

    The confederates surprise attack on Ulysses S. Grant's and his troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River. 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates.
  • Seven Days Battle

    Seven Days Battle
    Lee attacks McClellan near Richmond, resulting in losses for both armies.
  • Battle of Seven Pines

    Battle of Seven Pines
    Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and almost defeats them.
  • Bull Run 2nd Battle

    Bull Run 2nd Battle
    The Union army is defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia.
  • Robert E.Lee

    Robert E.Lee
    Robert E. Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederates and heads for Harpers Ferry, northwest of Washington.
  • Antietam

    The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Robert E. Lee is stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and his troops. 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

     Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves.
  • McClellan replaced

    McClellan replaced
    Lincoln grows impatient with McClellan and his slowness, He replaces him with Ambrose E. Burnside.
  • Loss at Fredericksburg

    Loss at Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg was an early battle of the civil war and stands as one of the greatest Confederate victories.
  • Slaves to Soldiers

    Slaves to Soldiers
    President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army.
  • Capturing of Vicksburg

    Capturing of Vicksburg
    Grant is placed in command of the Army of the west and given orders to capture Vicksburg.
  • Draft

    The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute.
  • Chancellorsville

    The Union Army lead by Hooker is defeated by Robert E. Lee's smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia.
  • Stonewall Jackson dies

    Stonewall Jackson dies
    Stonewall Jackson dies from his wounds suffered at Chancellorsville
  • Lee's second attempt

    Lee's second attempt
    Lee with 75,000 Confederates leads his second invasion of the North, heading into Pennsylvania.
  • Gettysburg

    The war turns as the Confederates are defeated in Gettysburg Pennsylvania.
  • Vicksburg surrenders

    Vicksburg surrenders
    Vicksburg surrenders to Grant. It was the Confederates last stronghold.
  • Grant appointed

    Grant appointed
    The president appoints Grant to command all operations in the west.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Lincoln delivers a two minute Gettysburg Address at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.
  • Grant commands all

    Grant commands all
    President Lincoln appoints Grant to command all of the armies of the United States.
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    A mistake by Grant results in 7,000 Union casualties in twenty minutes during a battle against fortified Rebels at Cold Harbor in Virginia.
  • Petersburg

    Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off the Confederate rail lines. A nine-month siege of Petersburg begins with Grant's forces
  • Sherman in Atlanta

    Sherman in Atlanta
    At Atlanta, Sherman's forces battle the Rebels.
  • McClellan versus Lincoln

    McClellan versus Lincoln
    Democrats nominate George B. McClellan for President to run against Abraham Lincoln.
  • Atlanta captured

    Atlanta captured
    Atlanta is captured by Sherman's Army.
  • Lincoln re-elected

    Lincoln re-elected
    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan.
  • March to Sea

    March to Sea
    After destroying Atlanta Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea.
  • Hood loses Nashville

    Hood loses Nashville
    Hood's Rebel Army is defeated at Nashville.
  • Sherman reaches Savannah

    Sherman reaches Savannah
    Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leaving behind a destroyed Atlanta
  • Thirteenth Amendment approved

    Thirteenth Amendment approved
    The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment.
  • War Continues

    War Continues
    A peace conference occurs as President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens in Virginia, but the meeting ends in failure, the war continues
  • Lee tries for Northern Virginia

    Lee tries for Northern Virginia
    The last offensive for Lee's Army of Northern Virginia begins with an attack of Grant's forces at Petersburg.
  • Lee leaves Petersburg

    Lee leaves Petersburg
    Grant's forces begin a general advance and break through Lee's lines at Petersburg.
  • Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army

    Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army
    Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
  • The Civil War ends

    The Civil War ends
    The remaining Confederate armies surrender. This leads to the end of the war.
  • Lincoln is shot

    Lincoln is shot
    Lincoln and his wife see a play at Ford's Theater. At the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head.
  • President Abraham Lincoln Dies

    President Abraham Lincoln Dies
    President Abraham Lincoln dies in the morning due to his injuries. Vice President Andrew Johnson takes over.
  • John Wilkes Booth is caught

    John Wilkes Booth is caught
    John Wilkes Booth is shot and killed in a tobacco barn in Virginia.
  • Lincoln is buried

    Lincoln is buried
    Abraham Lincoln is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Illinois.
  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
    New Freedman's Bureau bill passed by Congress.
  • Secessionist Convention

    Secessionist Convention
    Texas repeals the actions of the Secessionist Convention.
  • Civil Rights Act vetoed

    Civil Rights Act vetoed
    President Johnson vetos the Civil Rights Act of 1866 because it was unconstitutional.
  • The United States is at Peace

    The United States is at Peace
    The United States at peace with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia
  • Ford's Theater

    Ford's Theater
    Congress appropriates $100,000 to buy Ford's Theater.
  • Congress overrides Johnson

    Congress overrides Johnson
    Congress overrides President Andrew Johnson's veto of the Civil Rights Act.
  • Winfield Scott dies,

    Winfield Scott dies,
    Winfield Scott died in West Point, New York
  • Freedman's Bureau Bill passed

    Freedman's Bureau Bill passed
    Congress overrides Andrew Johnson's veto of the Freedman's Bureau bill.
  • General of Armies

    General of Armies
    Congress establishes "general of the armies".
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    The U. S. Secret Service begins an investigation into the Ku Klux Klan.
  • African Americans given the right to vote

    African Americans given the right to vote
    African Americans in Washington D. C. gain the right to vote in a bill passed over President Andrew Johnson's veto.
  • Nebraska

    Nebraska becomes a state
  • Tenure of Office Act

    Tenure of Office Act
    Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act.
  • Virginia ignores the Reconstruction Act

    Virginia ignores the Reconstruction Act
    Virginia rejects votes cast by Negroes, who were granted universal suffrage under the Reconstruction Act.
  • Reconstruction Act

    Reconstruction Act
    Congress passes the 2nd Reconstruction Act.
  • Buying Alaska

    Buying Alaska
    William P. Seward signs a treaty with Russia buying Alaska for 2 cents an acre.
  • Edwin Stanton

    Edwin Stanton
    President Andrew Johnson demands the resignation of Edwin Stanton, Secretary of War.
  • Secretary of War

    Secretary of War
    Ulysses S. Grant becomes ad interim Secretary of War.
  • Johnson suspends Stanton

    Johnson suspends Stanton
    Edwin Stanton suspended by President Andrew Johnson after he clashed with Johnson over his lenient treatment of the former Confederate states.
  • Alaska is officially the United States

    Alaska is officially the United States
    Russia turns over Alaska to the United States