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Thomas Teehan Civil War Timeline

By TommyT1
  • Period: to

    Civil War

    Civil War
  • Ideas of Secession

    Ideas of Secession
    Jefferson Davis spreads the idea of secession over slavery. The idea is not popular at first and then spreads around later which sparked the Civil War.
  • The Election of 1860

    The Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln was elected president on this date with 1800 electoral votes and almost 2 Million popular votes.
  • Americas Opinions Split

    Americas Opinions Split
    Abraham Lincoln declared that a the government can not go on with half of them and the united states pro slavery and the other half against it.
  • Sumter Being Threatened

    Sumter Being Threatened
    Major Robert Anderson says that Fort Sumter is being threatened in Charleston by federal forces. He requests reinforcements however thy do not come.
  • Third Request

    Third Request
    Robert Anderson makes a third request for reinforcements at Fort Moultrie since they did not show up after the first two attempts.
  • Distressed State of the Union

    Distressed State of the Union
    James Buchanan sends a distressed State of the Union message to Congress. He states that secession is unconstitutional and that the federal government does not have the authority to prevent it.
  • Independent Nation

    Independent Nation
    Georgia starts a convention of Southern states to form an independent nation. This was because of the Norths and Souths difference of opinion on topics such as slavery.
  • Crittenden Compromise

    Crittenden Compromise
    The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful attempt to prevent the southern states from seceeding by Senator John J. Crittenden.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    South Carolina was the first state to secede from the united states forming the Confederate States.
  • Ordinance of Secession

    Ordinance of Secession
    South Carolina's convention officially approves the Ordinance of Secession. The Ordinance of Secession was a document that formally showed that a state seceded so this means that South Carolina officially committed treason.
  • Mississippi Secedes

    Mississippi Secedes
    Mississippi is the second state to secede from the United States joining south Carolina.
  • Florida Secedes

    Florida Secedes
    Florida became the third state to secede from the United States of The America.
  • Alabama Secedes

    Alabama Secedes
    Alabama joins the Confederate States of America
  • Georgia Secedes

    Georgia Secedes
    Georgia Breaks away from the United States joining the Confederate States.
  • Louisiana Secedes

    Louisiana Secedes
    Louisiana officially breaks away from the United States of America.
  • Texas Secedes

    Texas Secedes
    Texas joins the other six states as the confederate states.
  • Abraham Lincoln Becomes President

    Abraham Lincoln Becomes President
    Abraham Lincoln officially becomes the 16th president of the United States of America
  • Virginia Secedes

    Virginia Secedes
    Virginia secedes from the United States of America.
  • North Carolina Secedes

    North Carolina Secedes
    North Carolina leaves the United states to Join the Confederate States in their fight to save slavery.
  • Tennessee

    Tennessee is the final state to secede from the united states completing the Confederate States of America
  • Unconditional Surrender

    Unconditional Surrender
    Ulysses S. Grant captured fort Henry and ten days later he captured Fort Donelson earning him the nickname Unconditional Surrender.
  • Naval Warfare Is Changed

    Naval Warfare Is Changed
    The Confederates sink two wooden Union ships which led to different material ships that are stronger than wood.

    The Confederate troops attack Ulysses S. Grant's troops while at Shiloh on the Tennessee River. 13,000 Union Troops were killed.
  • Capturing New Orleans

    Capturing New Orleans
    David Farragut led 17 union ships up the Mississippi river to Capture New Orleans. This is the Souths best seaport which means capturing this will help the north significantly.
  • The Battle of Seven Pines

    The Battle of Seven Pines
    Joseph E. Johnston and his army attack McClellan's troops in front of Richmond, The confederate Capital. He was close to defeating McClellan however he got Injured.
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E. Lee
    After Johnston became wounded during The Battle of Seven Pines, his army needs new leadership. Robert E. Lee steps up and takes this position and also renames his army The Army Of Northern Virginia.
  • The Second Battle of Bull Run

    The Second Battle of Bull Run
    General Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet led an army of 55,000 men to Bull Run once more against 75,000 Union Soldiers. To the Unions surprise, the confederates won when the Union troops retreated back to Washington.
  • Antietam

    This battle was known a the bloodiest battle in American History. This took place in Antietam Maryland leaving 26,000 men dead by the time Lee and his army left for Virginia.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    On this day Abraham Lincoln Issued the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation which was a document that freed slaves in America.
  • Fredericksburg

    The Union army made an attempt to take Fredericksburg Virginia but suffered a terrible defeat. The union lost 12,653 soldiers while the confederates only lost 5,309. One soldier said "We might as well have tried to take hell" which shows how bad this battle was.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation Is Official

    The Emancipation Proclamation Is Official
    President Abraham Lincoln Officially Issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves in the North and in the South as well as allowing African Americans to enlist in the army.
  • The Battle Of Chancellorsville

    The Battle Of Chancellorsville
    General Lee led his small army to Chancellorsville Virginia and defeated General Hookers Larger Army. General Hooker Retreats because 17,000 of his soldiers died.
  • Battle At Gettysburg

    Battle At Gettysburg
    The battle of Gettysburg started on this day and went on for three days making it the bloodiest battle during the civil war.
  • The Third Day of The Battle At Gettysburg

    The Third Day of The Battle At Gettysburg
    The third day of the battle of Gettysburg was the final day that resulted in a union victory.
  • Vicksburg

    Vicksburg was the last Confederate stronghold along the Mississippi river which was taken by the union after a six week siege.
  • Riots

    In New York, Anti-Draft riots occurred which involved the killing of African Americans and resulted in 120 people dead and $2 million worth of damage. The riots ended once Union soldiers were returning from Gettysburg.
  • 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment

    54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment
    African American troop under the order of Col. Robert G. Shaw attack rebels in Wagner South Carolina resulting in 600 of the regiment dead.
  • Equality

    The president meets with Frederick Douglas to discuss having full equality for African American Soldiers fighting for the union.
  • Kansas Raids

    Kansas Raids
    Confederate supporter William C. Quantrill 450 followers raided Lawrence, Kansas killing 182 men.
  • Gettysburg Adress

    Gettysburg Adress
    Abraham Lincoln makes a speech that dedicates the battleground on Gettysburg as a cemetery for all soldiers, north and south,who died during the battle.
  • General Grant and the Army

    General Grant and the Army
    Abraham Lincoln Appoints General Grant to command all of the armies in the United States and William T. Sherman succeeds grant and commander in the west.
  • Advancing Towards Richmond

    Advancing Towards Richmond
    Grant leads 120,000 soldiers towards Richmond Virginia to attack Lees army of 64,000 which led to many more battles. While Grant attacks Lee, Sherman led 100,000 men to attacks Johnston army with 60,000 men.
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    Grant lost 7,000 men in 20 minutes while attacking fortified rebels in Virginia. They all knew they were going to lose and one soldiers last entry in his diary said "I was Killed".
  • Failure at Petersburg

    Failure at Petersburg
    Union troops missed an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off confederate rail lines and because of this, capturing Petersburg took 9 months.
  • McClellan vs. Lincoln

    McClellan vs. Lincoln
    Democrats Nominate George B. McClellan for president to run against Abraham Lincoln for president.
  • Capturing Atlanta

    Capturing Atlanta
    Sherman's Army captures Atlanta which will help president Lincolns chances of being re-elected.
  • Lincoln is Re-Elected

    Lincoln is Re-Elected
    Abraham Lincoln wins the election over McClellan and 212 out of 233 electoral votes. Lincoln will continue to fight to win the civil war.
  • Starting The March

    Starting The March
    Sherman started the march to the sea with 62,000 men after destroying warehouses in Atlanta.
  • Nshville

    A rebel army of 23,000 is attacked in Nashville by 55,000 union soldiers.
  • Savannah

    Sherman reaches Savannah destroying everything in his 300 mile long path and then telegraphs to Lincoln offering Savannah as a Christmas Present.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment of the constitution which abolishes slavery and all that is left is for it to get ratified.
  • Peace

    President Lincoln meets with the Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens in Hampton roads Virginia however the peace meeting was unsuccessful so the war will continue.
  • Inauguration

    Inauguration ceremonies begin for Abraham Lincoln in Washington. Lincoln explains how he will continue fighting in the civil war.
  • Lees Attack

    Lees Attack
    In Peters burg Virginia, Lee and his army attack Grants soldiers which lasted 4 hours.
  • Grant Vs. Lee

    Grant Vs. Lee
    Another battle at Petersburg Virginia where Grant and his men break lee's lines. At this battle Ambrose P. Hill, a confederate general was killed.
  • Tour of Richmond

    Tour of Richmond
    After confederate troops evacuate the confederate capitol, Richmond Virginia, Lincoln takes a tour of the capital and sits at Jefferson Davis' desk.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    General Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Lee claims his reason for surrender to be the overwhelming numbers and resources.
  • Lincoln's Play

    Lincoln's Play
    On this day the Union flag was raised over fort Sumter however this day will not be remembered for this. This day is remembered as the day John Wilkes Booth shot and killed Abraham Lincoln during a play at Fords Theater.
  • Johnston's Surrender

    Johnston's Surrender
    Sherman forces gets Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston to surrender near Durham, North Carolina.
  • Union Victory!

    Union Victory!
    On this day victory parades are held because during the month of may the rest of the confederate troops surrendered ending the war. The war being over was good however there was over 620,000 Americans killed throughout this war and 50,000 more go home as amputees.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Civil Rights Act of 1866
    President Johnson vetos the Civil Rights Act of 1866 claiming that it was unconstitutional
  • State of Peace

    State of Peace
    The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia which were all confederate states during the Civil War.
  • Override

    Congress overrides President Andrew Johnson's veto on the Civil Rights Act
  • Winfield Scott

    Winfield Scott
    Winfield Scott dies in west point NY. He was known for being an American military figure during the revolutionary and Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment Beginning

    14th Amendment Beginning
    Thirty ninth Congress approves the 14th Amendment to the Constitution
  • Admiral David Farragut

    Admiral David Farragut
    Congress creates the rank of Admiral and David Farragut is appointed this rank
  • General of Armies

    General of Armies
    Congress creates general of the armies and Ulysses S. Grant is promoted to 4-star general and became general of the army and William Tecumseh Sherman assumes the rank of Lieutenant General.
  • New Jersey Ratifies

    New Jersey Ratifies
    New Jersey ratifies the 14th Amendment
  • Texas Rejects

    Texas Rejects
    Texas rejects the 14th Amendment
  • Parts of History Destroyed

    Parts of History Destroyed
    A fire in a Philadelphia shipyard destroys ships used during the Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    The 14th amendment was ratified by most states and the amendment stated that all people born in the united states would be considered a citizen including former slaves.
  • Nebraska

    Nebraska is officially a state In the United States of America.
  • Reconstruction Act

    Reconstruction Act
    This act brought back the southern states into the United States of America. This also allows former laves to become citizens.
  • Tenure of Office Act

    Tenure of Office Act
    The Tenure of Office Act denied the right of the president to remove officials who had been appointed with the consent of Congress
  • Not Equal

    Not Equal
    Alexandria Virginia rejects thousands of voted from African Americans who were supposed to be treated equal under the reconstruction act
  • 5th Military District

    5th Military District
    General Philip Sheridan assumes command of the 5th Military district and designates New Orleans as his headquarters.
  • Maryland Rejects

    Maryland Rejects
    Maryland Rejects the 14th amendment not allowing it to be added to the constitution.
  • Second Reconstruction Act

    Second Reconstruction Act
    Congress passes the second Reconstruction Act over Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Resignation of Secretary of War

    Resignation of Secretary of War
    President Andrew Johnson demands the resignation of Edwin Stanton who was the Secretary of War at the time.
  • Secretary Of War

    Secretary Of War
    Ulysses S. Grant becomes the Secretary of War