Jefferson Davis spreads the idea of secession over slavery. The idea is not popular at first and then spreads around later which sparked the Civil War.
The Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln was elected president on this date with 1800 electoral votes and almost 2 Million popular votes.
Americas Opinions Split
Abraham Lincoln declared that a the government can not go on with half of them and the united states pro slavery and the other half against it.
Sumter Being Threatened
Major Robert Anderson says that Fort Sumter is being threatened in Charleston by federal forces. He requests reinforcements however thy do not come.
Robert Anderson makes a third request for reinforcements at Fort Moultrie since they did not show up after the first two attempts.
Distressed State of the Union
James Buchanan sends a distressed State of the Union message to Congress. He states that secession is unconstitutional and that the federal government does not have the authority to prevent it.
Georgia starts a convention of Southern states to form an independent nation. This was because of the Norths and Souths difference of opinion on topics such as slavery.
The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful attempt to prevent the southern states from seceeding by Senator John J. Crittenden.
South Carolina Secedes
South Carolina was the first state to secede from the united states forming the Confederate States.
Ordinance of Secession
South Carolina's convention officially approves the Ordinance of Secession. The Ordinance of Secession was a document that formally showed that a state seceded so this means that South Carolina officially committed treason.
Mississippi is the second state to secede from the United States joining south Carolina.
Florida became the third state to secede from the United States of The America.
Alabama joins the Confederate States of America
Georgia Breaks away from the United States joining the Confederate States.
Louisiana officially breaks away from the United States of America.
Texas joins the other six states as the confederate states.
Abraham Lincoln Becomes President
Abraham Lincoln officially becomes the 16th president of the United States of America
Virginia secedes from the United States of America.
North Carolina Secedes
North Carolina leaves the United states to Join the Confederate States in their fight to save slavery.
Tennessee is the final state to secede from the united states completing the Confederate States of America
Ulysses S. Grant captured fort Henry and ten days later he captured Fort Donelson earning him the nickname Unconditional Surrender.
Naval Warfare Is Changed
The Confederates sink two wooden Union ships which led to different material ships that are stronger than wood.
The Confederate troops attack Ulysses S. Grant's troops while at Shiloh on the Tennessee River. 13,000 Union Troops were killed.
Capturing New Orleans
David Farragut led 17 union ships up the Mississippi river to Capture New Orleans. This is the Souths best seaport which means capturing this will help the north significantly.
The Battle of Seven Pines
Joseph E. Johnston and his army attack McClellan's troops in front of Richmond, The confederate Capital. He was close to defeating McClellan however he got Injured.
Robert E. Lee
After Johnston became wounded during The Battle of Seven Pines, his army needs new leadership. Robert E. Lee steps up and takes this position and also renames his army The Army Of Northern Virginia.
The Second Battle of Bull Run
General Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet led an army of 55,000 men to Bull Run once more against 75,000 Union Soldiers. To the Unions surprise, the confederates won when the Union troops retreated back to Washington.
This battle was known a the bloodiest battle in American History. This took place in Antietam Maryland leaving 26,000 men dead by the time Lee and his army left for Virginia.
On this day Abraham Lincoln Issued the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation which was a document that freed slaves in America.
The Union army made an attempt to take Fredericksburg Virginia but suffered a terrible defeat. The union lost 12,653 soldiers while the confederates only lost 5,309. One soldier said "We might as well have tried to take hell" which shows how bad this battle was.
The Emancipation Proclamation Is Official
President Abraham Lincoln Officially Issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves in the North and in the South as well as allowing African Americans to enlist in the army.
The Battle Of Chancellorsville
General Lee led his small army to Chancellorsville Virginia and defeated General Hookers Larger Army. General Hooker Retreats because 17,000 of his soldiers died.
Battle At Gettysburg
The battle of Gettysburg started on this day and went on for three days making it the bloodiest battle during the civil war.
The Third Day of The Battle At Gettysburg
The third day of the battle of Gettysburg was the final day that resulted in a union victory.
Vicksburg was the last Confederate stronghold along the Mississippi river which was taken by the union after a six week siege.
In New York, Anti-Draft riots occurred which involved the killing of African Americans and resulted in 120 people dead and $2 million worth of damage. The riots ended once Union soldiers were returning from Gettysburg.
54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment
African American troop under the order of Col. Robert G. Shaw attack rebels in Wagner South Carolina resulting in 600 of the regiment dead.
The president meets with Frederick Douglas to discuss having full equality for African American Soldiers fighting for the union.
Confederate supporter William C. Quantrill 450 followers raided Lawrence, Kansas killing 182 men.
Abraham Lincoln makes a speech that dedicates the battleground on Gettysburg as a cemetery for all soldiers, north and south,who died during the battle.
General Grant and the Army
Abraham Lincoln Appoints General Grant to command all of the armies in the United States and William T. Sherman succeeds grant and commander in the west.
Advancing Towards Richmond
Grant leads 120,000 soldiers towards Richmond Virginia to attack Lees army of 64,000 which led to many more battles. While Grant attacks Lee, Sherman led 100,000 men to attacks Johnston army with 60,000 men.
Grant lost 7,000 men in 20 minutes while attacking fortified rebels in Virginia. They all knew they were going to lose and one soldiers last entry in his diary said "I was Killed".
Failure at Petersburg
Union troops missed an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off confederate rail lines and because of this, capturing Petersburg took 9 months.
McClellan vs. Lincoln
Democrats Nominate George B. McClellan for president to run against Abraham Lincoln for president.
Sherman's Army captures Atlanta which will help president Lincolns chances of being re-elected.
Lincoln is Re-Elected
Abraham Lincoln wins the election over McClellan and 212 out of 233 electoral votes. Lincoln will continue to fight to win the civil war.
Starting The March
Sherman started the march to the sea with 62,000 men after destroying warehouses in Atlanta.
A rebel army of 23,000 is attacked in Nashville by 55,000 union soldiers.
Sherman reaches Savannah destroying everything in his 300 mile long path and then telegraphs to Lincoln offering Savannah as a Christmas Present.
The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment of the constitution which abolishes slavery and all that is left is for it to get ratified.
President Lincoln meets with the Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens in Hampton roads Virginia however the peace meeting was unsuccessful so the war will continue.
Inauguration ceremonies begin for Abraham Lincoln in Washington. Lincoln explains how he will continue fighting in the civil war.
In Peters burg Virginia, Lee and his army attack Grants soldiers which lasted 4 hours.
Grant Vs. Lee
Another battle at Petersburg Virginia where Grant and his men break lee's lines. At this battle Ambrose P. Hill, a confederate general was killed.
Tour of Richmond
After confederate troops evacuate the confederate capitol, Richmond Virginia, Lincoln takes a tour of the capital and sits at Jefferson Davis' desk.
General Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Lee claims his reason for surrender to be the overwhelming numbers and resources.
On this day the Union flag was raised over fort Sumter however this day will not be remembered for this. This day is remembered as the day John Wilkes Booth shot and killed Abraham Lincoln during a play at Fords Theater.
Sherman forces gets Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston to surrender near Durham, North Carolina.
On this day victory parades are held because during the month of may the rest of the confederate troops surrendered ending the war. The war being over was good however there was over 620,000 Americans killed throughout this war and 50,000 more go home as amputees.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
President Johnson vetos the Civil Rights Act of 1866 claiming that it was unconstitutional
State of Peace
The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia which were all confederate states during the Civil War.
Congress overrides President Andrew Johnson's veto on the Civil Rights Act
Winfield Scott dies in west point NY. He was known for being an American military figure during the revolutionary and Civil War.
14th Amendment Beginning
Thirty ninth Congress approves the 14th Amendment to the Constitution
Admiral David Farragut
Congress creates the rank of Admiral and David Farragut is appointed this rank
General of Armies
Congress creates general of the armies and Ulysses S. Grant is promoted to 4-star general and became general of the army and William Tecumseh Sherman assumes the rank of Lieutenant General.
New Jersey Ratifies
New Jersey ratifies the 14th Amendment
Texas rejects the 14th Amendment
Parts of History Destroyed
A fire in a Philadelphia shipyard destroys ships used during the Civil War.
14th Amendment Ratified
The 14th amendment was ratified by most states and the amendment stated that all people born in the united states would be considered a citizen including former slaves.
Nebraska is officially a state In the United States of America.
This act brought back the southern states into the United States of America. This also allows former laves to become citizens.
Tenure of Office Act
The Tenure of Office Act denied the right of the president to remove officials who had been appointed with the consent of Congress
Alexandria Virginia rejects thousands of voted from African Americans who were supposed to be treated equal under the reconstruction act
5th Military District
General Philip Sheridan assumes command of the 5th Military district and designates New Orleans as his headquarters.
Maryland Rejects the 14th amendment not allowing it to be added to the constitution.
Second Reconstruction Act
Congress passes the second Reconstruction Act over Andrew Johnson's veto
Resignation of Secretary of War
President Andrew Johnson demands the resignation of Edwin Stanton who was the Secretary of War at the time.