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American Civil War

  • Republican Party is formed

    Republican Party is formed
    The Republican Party emerged in 1854 to combat the Kansas–Nebraska Act and the expansion of slavery into American territories. The early Republican Party consisted of northern Protestants, factory workers, professionals, businessmen, prosperous farmers, and after 1866, former black slaves.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act passed

    Kansas-Nebraska Act passed
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise, created two new territories, and allowed for popular sovereignty. It also produced a violent uprising known as “Bleeding Kansas,” as proslavery and antislavery activists flooded into the territories to sway the vote.
  • Abraham Lincoln elected president

    Abraham Lincoln elected president
    Republican Abraham Lincoln is elected as president running with John C. Breckinridge.
  • South Carolina votes to secede from the U.S

    South Carolina votes to secede from the U.S
    South Carolina became the first state to secede from the union
  • Lincoln gives his second inaugural address

    Lincoln gives his second inaugural address
    Lincoln uses his Second Inaugural to gently, but clearly, call out slavery as the reason for the war.
  • Confederate forces fire on Fort Sumter

    Confederate forces fire on Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the South Carolina militia. It ended with the surrender by the United States Army, beginning the American Civil War
  • Lincoln suspends habeas corpus

    Lincoln suspends habeas corpus
    Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus between Washington, D.C., and Philadelphia to give military authorities the necessary power to silence dissenters and rebels. Under this order, commanders could arrest and detain individuals who were deemed threatening to military operations.
  • First Battle of Bull Run is fought

    First Battle of Bull Run is fought
    The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the Battle of Manassas, marked the first major land battle of the American Civil War
  • Jefferson Davis elected as president of confederation

    Jefferson Davis elected as president of confederation
    On November 6, 1861, Jefferson Davis was elected for president of the confederacy and ran without opposition
  • The Merrimac and the Monitor fight of the Virginia coast

    The Merrimac and the Monitor fight of the Virginia coast
    in the American Civil War, naval engagement at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbor at the mouth of the James River, notable as history's first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of naval warfare.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) was an early battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought in southwestern Tennessee
  • Robert E. Lee is named commander of the Army of Northern Virginia

    Robert E. Lee is named commander of the Army of Northern Virginia
    Originally called the Confederate Army of the Potomac, the confederate forces were renamed the Army of Northern Virginia when Robert E. Lee assumed command on June 1, 1862, in a battle to defend the city of Richmond from Union forces.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    A battle fought near Sharpsburg, Maryland fought between Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's army and Union Gen. George B. McClellans's army
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    A battle fought between Union and Confederate forces in Fredericksburg, Virginia
  • Emancipation Proclamation is announced

    Emancipation Proclamation is announced
    In the 3rd year of the civil war, this document was created stating all slaves held within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    Fought in Spotsylvania County, Virginia. Known as Gen. E. Lees perfect battle because of how he split up his troops defeating a larger army than his
  • Confederates surrender at Vicksburg

    Confederates surrender at Vicksburg
    Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton surrendered the city of Vicksburg and the Confederate garrison defending it to Major General Ulysses S. Grant.
  • New York City draft riots

    New York City draft riots
    Image result for New York City draft riots
    The New York Draft Riots occurred in July 1863, when the anger of working-class New Yorkers over a new federal draft law during the Civil War sparked five days of some of the bloodiest and most destructive rioting in U.S. history.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    a battle fought between the Union and Confederate forces in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Lincoln gives his Gettysburg Address

    Lincoln gives his Gettysburg Address
    President Abraham Lincoln delivered a short speech at the close of ceremonies dedicating the battlefield cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Honoring a request to offer a few remarks, Lincoln memorialized the Union dead and highlighted the redemptive power of their sacrifice.
  • Abraham Lincoln defeats George McClellan to win re-election

    Abraham Lincoln defeats George McClellan to win re-election
    Near the end of the American Civil War, incumbent President Abraham Lincoln of the National Union Party easily defeated the Democratic nominee, former General George B. McClellan, by a wide margin of 212–21 in the electoral college
  • Sherman begins his March to the Sea

    Sherman begins his March to the Sea
    Union General Sherman's scorched-earth March to the Sea campaign begins. On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his expedition across Georgia by torching the industrial section of Atlanta and pulling away from his supply lines.
  • Atlanta is captured

    Atlanta is captured
    United States forces led by Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman burned nearly all of the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, United States. This event occurred near the end of the U.S. Civil War during which 11 states in the American South seceded from the rest of the nation.
  • Congress passes the 13th Amendment

    Congress passes the 13th Amendment
    This amendment abolished slavery in the United States
  • Freedman’s Bureau is created

    Freedman’s Bureau is created
    Congress passed “An Act to establish a Bureau for the Relief of Freedmen and Refugees” to provide food, shelter, clothing, medical services, and land to displaced Southerners, including newly freed African Americans.
  • Richmond falls to the Union Army

    Richmond falls to the Union Army
    Confederate lines near Petersburg broke after a nine-month seige. The retreat of the army left the Confederate capital of Richmond, 25 miles to the north, defenseless
  • Richmond becomes the capital of the Confederacy

    Richmond becomes the capital of the Confederacy
    Once Virginia seceded, the Confederate government moved the capital to Richmond, the South's second largest city. The move served to solidify the state of Virginia's new Confederate identity and to sanctify the rebellion by associating it with the American Revolution.
  • Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox

    Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox
    Robert E. Lee's surrender to Ulysses S. Grant which effectively ended the Civil War
  • Lincolns assassination

    Lincolns assassination
    On April 14, 1865, A confederate named John Wikes Booth assassinated President Lincoln due to Linclons push for anti-slavery
  • John Wilkes Booth is killed

    John Wilkes Booth is killed
    Booth died of a neck injury and was secretly buried in the old penitentiary of Washington D.C by 3 Booth conspirators who would later be hanged.