Civil War

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    Civil War

  • Jefferson Davis submits "On the Relations of States"

    Jefferson Davis submits "On the Relations of States"
    The document was a set of resolutions submitted to the Senate stating the position of the south. It mentioned that slavery is a large portion of their domestic institutions.
  • Fort Donelson

    Fort Donelson
    The Confederacy surrender Fort Donelson and Ulysses S. Grant was given the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" here.
  • The Pony Express

    The Pony Express
    The Pony Express was an effective way to transport mail in a quick and orderly fashion. The trail went from the east to the west coast and was used while telegraphs were still in the works.
  • Republican Convention 1860

    Republican Convention 1860
    The Republican Convention was held in Chicago, Illinois, and it was to determine the Republican nominee for the 1860 presidential election. Abraham Lincoln won the presidential nominee.
  • Democratic Convention

    Democratic Convention
    The Democratic Convention was held in Richmond, Virginia. They selected John C. Breckinridge as their nominee for President.
  • The Election of 1860

    The Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln was elected President this election. He supported abolishing slavery nationwide and this issue divided the North and the South. The North favored his election and the South disliked him.
  • Results of the 1860 Election

    Results of the 1860 Election
    The election of 1860 was a close election in the popular vote between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglass with a difference of 483,739 in Lincoln's favor. But, the electoral college votes are vastly different - Lincoln had 180 votes and Stephen A. Douglas has 12.
  • James Chesnut Resigns

    James Chesnut Resigns
    Senator James Chesnut was the first to resign from his seat because of the 1860 election results. He declared his support for the Confederacy.
  • State of The Union Address

    State of The Union Address
    In December of 1860, President James Buchanan delivered the fourth annual State of the Union Address to Congress. In the address, the division of the country is mentioned and Buchanan warns that "It can not be denied that for five and twenty years the agitation at the North against slavery has been incessant." The tension is continuously rising and the war is being anticipated.
  • Crittenden Compromise

    Crittenden Compromise
    The Crittenden Compromise was proposed by Senator John Crittenden. It consisted of 6 constitutional amendments and four congressional solutions to try to avoid war between the North and South.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    South Carolina was the first to secede from the nation. The state set the precedent for the following states to secede from the United States and join together to create the Confederacy.
  • Southern Seccession

    Southern Seccession
    States started seceding from the United States rapidly. After South Carolina, Mississippi (January 9, 1861), Florida (January 10, 1861), Alabama (January 11, 1861), Georgia (January 19, 1861), Louisiana (January 26, 1861), Texas (February 1, 1861), Virginia (April 17, 1861), Arkansas (May 6, 1861), North Carolina (May 20, 1861), and Tennessee (June 8, 1861) seceded.
  • Fort Donelson

    Fort Donelson
    Fort Donelson was surrendered by the Confederacy and where Ulysses S. Grant was given the nickname "Unconditional Surrender."
  • Lincoln is Inaugurated

    Lincoln is Inaugurated
    Abraham Lincoln is officially inaugurated and becomes the 16th President of the United States.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Rebel troops are forced to make a decision and fire upon Fort Sumter. The Civil War officially begins.
  • Philippi

    A skirmish in western Virginia becomes the first clash in the east.
  • Battle of Big Bethel

    Battle of Big Bethel
    The first battle of the Civil War that is fought on land is in Virginia.
  • Wheeling Convention

    Wheeling Convention
    Northwestern counties broke off of Virginia and formed the state of West Virginia.
  • The Battle of Bull Run

    The Battle of Bull Run
    The Battle of Bull Run was a bloody battle where the Confederate army came out victorious.
  • Battle of Wilson's Creek

    Battle of Wilson's Creek
    The Battle of Willow's Creek gave the Confederates control of southwestern Missouri.
  • Fort Hatteras

    Fort Hatteras
    The Anaconda Plan is in action and the Union is able to overpower Fort Hatteras. They are able to close southern ports along the coast.
  • Jefferson Davis' Role in the Confederacy

    Jefferson Davis' Role in the Confederacy
    Jefferson Davis is elected President of the Confederacy. He served a full six-year term.
  • Surrender of Fort Henry

    Surrender of Fort Henry
    When the Confederacy surrendered Fort Henry, it allowed the Union to control the river.
  • Battle of Roanoke Island

    Battle of Roanoke Island
    The battle was fought in North Carolina and the Union was victorious. The Union occupied eastern North Carolina and used it as an operations base.
  • Jefferson Davis' Inaugurated

    Jefferson Davis' Inaugurated
    Jefferson Davis was inaugurated and became the first and only President of the Confederacy.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    The victory for the North at the Battle of Shiloh allowed them to penetrate the Confederacy from the interior. The morale of the Confederacy dropped and the army had lost their general, Albert Sidney.
  • New Orleans Falls

    New Orleans Falls
    Admiral David Farragut demands the surrender of New Orleans. Two days after his demand and the forts there fall and are gained by the Union.
  • Seven Days Battle

    Seven Days Battle
    General Lee and General McClellan battled with their troops for seven days starting June 25 and ending July 1, 1862. This is when it was realized that the war might string longer than anticipated because of Robert E. Lee's knowledge of war.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Under Robert E. Lee, the Confederate Army wins the Second Battle of Bull Run. The Union retreated back towards Washington D.C.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle of the Civil war. McClellan could have ended the war but rather chose to play safe and not utilize all of his men.
  • Lincoln Fires McClellan

    Lincoln Fires McClellan
    Lincoln was frustrated with McClellan for not destroying Robert E. Lee's army. He relieved him of his position after the Battle of Antietam.
  • The Battle of Fredericksburg

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg took place in Virginia and resulted in a Confederate victory. It was a significant battle because the Union army suffered over 12,500 casualties in comparison to the 4,200 casualties the Confederates suffered.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was an order to free the slaves in the North and South. However, the South acknowledged itself as separate from the United States, nullifying the order until they were back in the United States.
  • Conscription

    A method used to draft soldiers into the military to fight in the war begins in the North.
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville

    The Battle of Chancellorsville
    The win for the Confederacy at the Battle of Chancellorsville was significant because then the rebel army could continue advancing into northern territory. Unfortunately, "Stonewall" Jackson passed at this battle but it was one of Robert E. Lee's best military victories.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Confederate defenses and lays siege on the city. When Vicksburg fell, Grant gained complete control of the Mississippi River.
  • The Battle of Brandy Station

    The Battle of Brandy Station
    The Battle of Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle to take place on American soil. Robert E. Lee launched a second Northern invasion which resulted in a Confederate victory.
  • Battle of Winchester Virginia

    Battle of Winchester Virginia
    General Richard Ewell defeats General Robert Milroy and his Union troops.
  • West Virginia Becomes a State

    West Virginia Becomes a State
    West Virginia becomes the 35th state to enter the United States. Because of the Emancipation Proclamation, there is no concern on whether it'll be a free or slave state.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg has the highest count of casualties throughout the entire war. The Union victory plummeted the morale of Robert E. Lee and the Confederacy.
  • The Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln honors and applauds both the Confederacy and the Union at the battlefield of the Battle of Gettysburg and declares it to be a graveyard for the soldiers. In the speech he also tries to uplift the country and bind them together, hoping for the war to come to an end.
  • Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

    Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
    Lincoln offers to pardon the people who participated and committed treason in the rebellion if they take an oath to the Union.
  • H.L. Hunley

    H.L. Hunley
    A Confederate submarine was the first successful submarine attack in the Civil War. It attacked the Union's USS Housatonic which broke apart and sank.
  • Grant Promoted to Lieutenant

    Grant Promoted to Lieutenant
    Ulysses S. Grant is appointed lieutenant general and takes over command of all Union Armies.
  • Fort Pillow

    Fort Pillow
    This battle was controversial because it was more of a massacre. Even after Union soldiers surrendered, rebels slaughtered them rather than taking them in as prisoners. In return, the north stopped doing prison exchanges with the south out of retaliation.
  • Upcoming Election

    Upcoming Election
    Lincoln is nominated by his party to run for his second term as President.
  • General John Bell

    General John Bell
    General John Bell replaces General Joseph Johnston as commander of the army in Tennessee. His purpose is to discourse and stop Sherman's campaign.
  • Sherman Lays Siege

    Sherman Lays Siege
    General Sherman lays siege on Atlanta, Georgia which is a major Confederate hub. He cut off supply lines and trapped the civilians. He forced the Confederates to retreat.
  • Lincoln is Elected President

    Lincoln is Elected President
    Lincoln wins his second presidential election in 1864 against nominee George McClellan.
  • March to the Sea

    March to the Sea
    General Sherman's march to the sea was to frighten civilians into abandoning the Confederate cause. They stole food and livestock and burned houses on their travels.
  • Battle of Franklin

    Battle of Franklin
    The Battle of Franklin, Tennessee was a battle where the Confederacy took a loss under General John Bell Hood. In the battle, six of Hood's generals were killed, 1,750 of his soldiers died and 5,500 were captured or wounded.
  • Battle of Nashville

    Battle of Nashville
    The Confederate army in Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood was powerful but was nearly destroyed by General George Thomas and the Union Army. The rebels were driven back and then had to retreat to Mississippi.
  • Capture of Fort Fisher

    Capture of Fort Fisher
    The Union capture Fort Fisher and made it an easy, achievable goal to capture the port at Wilmington. Wilmington was the last major seaport available to the south.
  • Sherman Captures South Carolina

    Sherman Captures South Carolina
    Union General Sherman ransacked Columbia, South Carolina, and burnt the city down.
  • Lincoln's Second Inauguration

    Lincoln's Second Inauguration
    Lincoln was inaugurated into his second term.
  • Jefferson Davis Flees Richmond

    Jefferson Davis Flees Richmond
    General Grant attacked near Petersburg, Virginia, forcing Confederate troops to evacuate the town. If the Union are victorious here, they ensure the fall of Richmond. Davis is forced to abandon the capital.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    At the Appomattox Court House in Virginia, General Robert E. Lee meets with Ulysses S. Grant to discuss the terms of the Confederacy surrender. He was forced to surrender because he could not join the Confederate force in North Carolina and the capital of the Confederate states was abandoned.
  • Abraham Lincoln Shot

    Abraham Lincoln Shot
    President Lincoln and his wife went to watch a comedy at the Ford Theater. One of the actors, John Wilkes Booth, went into the President's balcony and shot President Lincoln in the back of the head.
  • Abraham Lincoln Dies

    Abraham Lincoln Dies
    The gun wound Lincoln sustained from Booth has killed him. He is the first president to be assassinated.
  • John Wilkes Booth Killed

    John Wilkes Booth Killed
    John Wilkes Booth is on the run and Union calvary finds him and traps him in a shed. When he refuses to surrender to them, the calvary kills him.
  • Confederate President Jefferson Davis Captured

    Confederate President Jefferson Davis Captured
    President Davis was captured by Union forces near Irwinville, Georgia.
  • Juneteenth

    Juneteenth was the day when federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas, to tell the news that all enslaved people are free. It took two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation for the news to spread.
  • Conspirators Hung

    Conspirators Hung
    Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, David Herold, and George Atzerodt are executed because they were believed to play a role in a conspiracy to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln.
  • Henry Wirz Executed

    Henry Wirz Executed
    Henry Wirz is executed by hanging for leading the war camp, Andersonville which treated people in inhumane ways.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment freed African Americans from slavery. It was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    The Black Codes were a series of laws that were designed to restrict freed Black people from participating in activities and oppress them.
  • Freedmen's Bureau

    Freedmen's Bureau
    Freedmen's Bureau was a bill to help African Americans during the Civil War. In 1866, another bill was introduced to extend the bureau's tenure and give it new legal powers.
  • Peace Amongst the States

    Peace Amongst the States
    President Andrew Johnson announces that the insurrection that existed in Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and Virginia ended.
  • Secessionist Convention

    Secessionist Convention
    The convention was called to meet requirements for Texas' reentry into the United States.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Civil Rights Act of 1866
    President Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act because he believed Congress did not have the powers to enforce it. Congress overrode his veto.
  • The Nickel

    The Nickel
    Congress approves a new coin that is worth 5 cents called the nickel.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment gives civil rights to African Americans.
  • General of the Army Title

    General of the Army Title
    The rank, "General of the Army" was passed by Congress and Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to hold the title.
  • Tennessee

    Tennessee was the first state to rejoin the United States after seceding and the Civil War.
  • The Atlantic Cable

    The Atlantic Cable
    The Atlantic Cable was installed and allowed transatlantic telegraph communication. The original use was for the government and military purposes but it was more modernized to allow transatlantic communication.
  • African American Men can Vote

    African American Men can Vote
    In the District of Columbia, African American men are allowed to vote despite the fact that President Johnson had vetoed this.
  • Nebraska Becomes a State

    Nebraska Becomes a State
    Nebraska was admitted into the United States as the 37th state.
  • Tenure of Office Act

    Tenure of Office Act
    The law was meant to restrict the ability of the President to remove officials who were approved by Congress.
  • First Reconstruction Act.

    First Reconstruction Act.
    The Reconstruction Act of 1867 were conditions that outlined the terms on how the states would be readmitted into the United States.
  • The Second Reconstruction Act

    The Second Reconstruction Act
    The Second Reconstruction Act established a two-year U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. It created a civil rights division in the Justice Department.
  • The Lincoln Memorial

    The Lincoln Memorial
    To honor Lincoln two years after his assassination, Congress approved a monument for Lincoln to be built.
  • Charles Sumner's Alaskan Project

    Charles Sumner's Alaskan Project
    William Seward secretly negotiated with Russian officials to buy Alaska.
  • The Third Reconstruction Act

    The Third Reconstruction Act
    Five Union generals are given the power to oversee the Reconstruction in five districts of the south.
  • Johnson suspends Stanton

    Johnson suspends Stanton
    After a disagreement, President Andrew Johnson suspends his Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and replaces him with Ulysses S. Grant.
  • U.S. Takes Possession of Alaska

    U.S. Takes Possession of Alaska
    The United States purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. The Russians sold it because it was remote and that made it difficult to defend.