MAIN HISTORICAL FACTS

  • Period: 476 to 1492

    the middle ages

    It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.
  • Period: 476 to 1520

    Beginning of the middle ages

    The division of the roman empire.
  • 500

    Creation of the universities

    The first true university in the West was founded at Bologna late in the 11th century. It became noted for its teaching of theology.
  • Period: 500 to 1400

    Feudalism

    The nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles.
  • 1000

    Trobadours

    Were educated artists, poets or musicians, in some cases, from the noble families.
  • 1000

    Music notation

    In music theory, musical notation is a series of symbols and markings that inform musicians how to perform a composition.
  • 1054

    Eastern schism

    Is the separation of the pope and the Christianity of the West, of the Christianity of the East and its patriarchs.
  • Period: 1170 to 1310

    Ars antiqua

    During Ars Antiqua (12th and 13th centuries), the first form of polyphony was developed: the organum.
  • 1200

    Five-line stave began to be used

    The standard five-line staff appeared in about 1200 in polyphonic music. Some 16th-century keyboard music used staves of more lines.
  • 1200

    Jongleurs

    Were musicians and actors from poor families who played songs composed by troubadours.
  • Period: 1310 to 1370

    Ars nova

    As the middle class flourished, the popularity of the Church began to decline. Secular music became more important than religious music.
  • 1400

    The five-line stave became the normal stave

  • Period: 1453 to

    The renaissance

    The Modern period started with the fall of the Byzantine empire in 1453, and ended with the French Revolution in 1789.
  • 1454

    Lived a recovery

    After de economic crisis and the catastrophes, the experienced a recovery.
  • Period: 1479 to 1504

    Reign of the catholic king

    Catholic king is the name given to the Queen Isabel I of Castile and King Fernando II of Aragon.
  • 1492

    End middle ages

    Discovery of america.
  • Period: 1500 to 1520

    Quattrocento

    Characterized by anthropocentrism, the rebirth of Antiquity and the support of patrons.
  • 1521

    Dead of Josquin de Prés

    He was a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance, considered the most famous European Renaissance composer.
  • Period: 1543 to

    William Byrd

    Most famous english organist and composer of the Late Renaissance, who is best known for his development of the English madrigal.
  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    Counter- Reformation

    In Italy, the meeting of the Council of Trent and the beginning of the Counter- Reformation.
  • 1556

    Philip II and hegemony

    In Spain, the accession to the throne of Philip II and the beginning of Spanish hegemony (which would last until the Thirty Years War).
  • Period: 1564 to

    William Shakespeare

    William Shakespeare was an English playwright, poet and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist.
  • Beginning of the Baroque

    Pessimistic view of life and the importance of feelings.
  • Don Quixote of La Mancha

    That deals with the condition and exercise of the famous and brave nobleman Don Quixote de La Mancha.
  • Death of Tomás Luis of Victoria

    He was a Catholic priest, chapelmaster and famous polyphonist composer of the Spanish Renaissance.
  • "El mágico prodigioso"

    "El mágico prodigioso" is a drama by Pedro Calderón de la Barca.
  • Period: to

    English Revolution

    It extends from the end of the reign of Charles I of England, through the British Republic and Oliver Cromwell's English Protectorate and ends with the Glorious Revolution.
  • Period: to

    Joann Sebastian Bach

    He was a German composer, organist, haspsichordist, conductor, violinist , singer and teacher of the Baroque period.
  • Period: to

    Joann Sebastian Bach

    He was a German composer, organist, haspsichordist, conductor, violinist, singer and teacher of the Baroque period.
  • The Four Seasons

    It was a group of four concertos for violin and the orchestra by Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi.
  • End of the Baroque

    The death of Johann Sebastian Bach.
  • Period: to

    William Blake

    William Blake was a British poet, painter, and printmaker. Although he remained largely unknown during his lifetime, Blake's work is held in high esteem today.
  • Period: to

    Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson was an American statesman, the seventh president of the United States. Jackson was born at the end of the colonial era somewhere on the still unmarked border of North Carolina and South Carolina.
  • End of the Renaissance.

    Ended with the French revolution.
  • Period: to

    Richard Wagner

    Wilhelm Richard Wagner was a German Romantic composer, conductor, poet, essayist, playwright, and music theorist.
  • The Napoleonic Wars

    The Napoleonic Wars, also called the Coalition Wars, were a series of wars that took place during the time Emperor Napoleon I Bonaparte ruled France.
  • Beginning of the Romantic period.

    Romanticism, attitude or intellectual orientation that characterized many works of literature, painting, music etc.
  • The Raven

    The Raven is a narrative poem written by Edgar Allan Poe. It constitutes his most famous poetic composition, since it gave him international recognition.
  • La Campanella

    La Campanella is a study for piano composed by the pianist and composer Franz Liszt.
  • End of the Romanticism period

    The English Romantic Period ended with the coronation of Queen Victoria.
  • Beginning of the 20th century

    The 20th century was dominated by significant events that defined the modern era .
  • Period: to

    John Cage

    John Cage was an American composer, music theorist, artist and philosopher. Pioneer of random music, of electronic music.
  • Period: to

    First World War

    World War I was one of the greatest watersheds of the 20th century geopolitical history. It led to fall of four great imperial dynasties
  • Period: to

    Dylan Thomas

    Dylan Marlais Thomas was a British poet, short writer and playwright. Famous for being a bohemian.
  • Russian Revolution

    The Russian Revolution was one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century.
  • End of the Romanticism period

    The English Romantic Period ended with the coronation of Queen Victoria.
  • The Second Coming

    The Second Coming is a poem written by the Irish poet W.B. Yeats.
  • Etudes Australes

    Etudes Australes is a set of solo piano studies by John Cage, composed in 1974-1975 for Grete Sultan.
  • End of the 20th century

    The end of the Twentieth Century is a monumental installation by the German artist Joseph Beuys from 1983, at the Hamburger Bahnhof.