M23 Rebellion

Timeline created by Djones421
  • Colonel Sultani Mukenga

    Colonel Sultani Mukenga
    Colonel Sutani Mukenga joined the M23 Rebels
  • Attack of Bunagana

    Attack of Bunagana
    M23 rebels attack and took control of the town of Bunagana
  • Town of Rutshuru

    Town of Rutshuru
    M23 Rebels attack and capture the town of Rutshuru
  • Hostility From Government Forces

    Hostility From Government Forces
    As Rebels began to get close, government forces begin to give/exchange weaponry with M23 rebels, which were fired around Kibumba and Rugari
  • MONUSCO Helicopters

    MONUSCO Helicopters
    MONUSCO helicopter gunships were deployed to support government forces as they fought to hold off a rebel attack south of Kibumba, flying 17 sorties and firing more than 500 rockets and missiles
  • M23 Forces Assault

    M23 Forces Assault
    M23 forces began an assault against army positions in Goma, sending mortar shells and machine gun fire into the city which was still being defended by the government army
  • Congolese Army Units

    Congolese Army Units
    Congolese army units were reported to be holding defensive positions in the city centre and the airport armed with tanks and machine guns
  • The Attack of Goma

    The Attack of Goma
    M23 forces entered the city proper, advancing on foot up the main road towards the city centre. Heavy bursts of small arms fire could be heard in the city and near the airport, some say that the airport was captured
  • Congolese Soldiers Switch Sides

    Congolese Soldiers Switch Sides
    Almost 3,000 members of the Congolese army and police forces switched sides in Goma and joined the rebellion as M23 continued its advance, seizing control of the town of Sake and stating that it intends to overthrow the national government
  • Advance Towards Bukavu and Kissangani

    Advance Towards Bukavu and Kissangani
    M23 forces began advancing towards the town of Bukavu, capital of South Kivu state and announce that their next intended target after Bukavu as the city of Kisangani, the capital of Orientale Province
  • Retaking The City

    Retaking The City
    Government forces launched a counterattack to retake the city of Goma, leading to heavy clashes with M23 forces there
  • Leaving Goma

    Leaving Goma
    M23 rebels pulled out of Goma, later under Congolese army control
  • Bringing Peace to DRC

    Bringing Peace to DRC
    Leaders of 11 African nations signed an agreement designed to bring peace to the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Among the signers were Rwanda and Uganda, both of whom had been accused of aiding the rebellion, a charge the nations deny
  • Disagreement of Peace

    Disagreement of Peace
    disagreement between factions of the M23 about how to react to the peace agreement led to violence. M23's political leader, Jean-Marie Runiga Lugerero, was sacked.[57] In a statement signed by M23's military leader, Sultani Makenga, he was accused of treason because of "financial embezzlement, divisions, ethnic hatred, deceit and political immaturity"
  • Monusco Intervention Brigade

    Monusco Intervention Brigade
    The United Nations Security Council authorized the deployment of an intervention brigade within MONUSCO to carry out targeted offensive operations, with or without the Congolese national army, against armed groups that threaten peace in eastern DRC
  • The Arrest of Bosco Ntaganda

    The Arrest of Bosco Ntaganda
    Bosco Ntaganda turned himself in to the U.S. embassy in Kigali, Rwanda, where he requested transfer to the International Criminal Court in The Hague
  • Bosco's Detainment

    Bosco's Detainment
    On March 22, Bosco Ntaganda was detained by the ICC before he made his first appearance in front of the Court four days later
  • Reattacking Goma

    Reattacking Goma
    Fighting continued for the first time in six months as M23 attacked the government's forces north of Goma.which had recently seized it from them.
  • The Death of Government Forces

    The Death of Government Forces
    At least 15 rebels and 4 government soldiers were killed in the fighting on as both sides traded artillery fire in the town of Mutaho near Goma after rebels tried to retake it from the government
  • Army Assault

    Army Assault
    M23 fought back against what it said was an army assault involving aircraft and artillery. Government forces used heavy weapons against the rebels in the town of Muja, just north of Goma
  • Military Help Taken From Rwanda

    Military Help Taken From Rwanda
    The U.S. government announces that it would cut military aid to Rwanda. U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues Stephen Rapp stated that Rwandan authorities could be charged for "aiding and abetting" war crimes: "There is a line that one can cross under international law where you can be held responsible for aiding a group in a way that makes possible their commission of atrocities." Rwanda denied that it was backing the rebels, calling the accusation an attempt to make
  • MI 24 Gunship against Rumangabo

    MI 24 Gunship against Rumangabo
    MI 24 government's gunships, piloted by Ukrainian soldiers from high altitudes, inflicting heavy civilian casualties near the village of Rumangabo
  • The Stand-Down From M23 Soldiers

    The Stand-Down From M23 Soldiers
    According to the DR Congo government, 25 Rwandan members of M23 have surrendered as part of a total of over 370 M23 soldiers that have allegedly surrendered
  • Warning Towards the Congolese Army

    Warning Towards the Congolese Army
    The Congolese Army were given a 48 hour ultimatum by the UN to leave Goma or face "use of force"
  • Fighting Against Peace

    Fighting Against Peace
    Between 21 and 29 August, heavy fighting outside Goma left 57 rebels, 10–23 government soldiers, 14 civilians and one Tanzanian U.N. peacekeeper dead. 720 government soldiers and 10 U.N. peacekeepers were also wounded
  • Government Forces Weaponry

    Government Forces Weaponry
    Rwanda claimed that the DRC government forces fired tank and mortar shells across the border into its territory. The DRC government confirmed the incident, but claimed that Rwanda shelled its own territory to justify a wider-scale intervention in the DRC
  • Military Aid Payment Witheld

    Military Aid Payment Witheld
    The United Kingdom's international development secretary Justine Greening declared that UK government decided to withhold a multimillion-dollar aid payment to Rwanda over allegations that it is backing M23 rebels. Rwandan Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo replied that the measure "is based on allegations of faulty reports which we have said for the last six months are wrong