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  • Period: 800 BCE to 146 BCE

    Greece music

    music had a great development and an art closely linked to theatrical representation
  • 1 BCE

    Jesuschrist birth

  • Period: 400 to 1400

    Middle age

    Medieval music encompasses the sacred and secular music of Western Europe during the Middle Ages,[1] from approximately the 6th to 15th centuries. the two eras comprise what musicologists generally term as early music, preceding the common practice period. Following the traditional division of the Middle Ages, medieval music can be divided into Early (500–1150), High (1000–1300), and Late (1300–1400) medieval music.
  • 476

    end of ancient age

  • 800


    polyphony is a type of musical texture consisting of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice, monophony, or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords, homophony.
  • 900

    gregorian chant creation

    Gregorian chant or Ara Garen is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions. Although popular legend credits Pope Gregory I with inventing Gregorian chant, scholars believe that it
  • 1033

    Guido d´Arezzo

    was an Italian music theorist and pedagogue of High medieval music. A Benedictine monk, he is regarded as the inventor—or by some, developer—of the modern staff notation that had a massive influence on the development of Western musical notation and practice.[1][2] Perhaps the most significant European writer on music between Boethius and Johannes Tinctoris,[3] after the former's De institutione musica, Guido's Micrologus was most widely distributed medieval treatise on music.[4]
  • 1089

    Hildegard of Bingen

    also known as Saint Hildegard and the Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German Benedictine abbess and polymath active as a writer, composer, philosopher, mystic, visionary, and as a medical writer and practitioner during the High Middle Ages.[1][2] She is one of the best-known composers of sacred monophony, as well as the most recorded in modern history.[3] She has been considered by scholars to be the founder of scientific natural history in Germany.[4]
  • 1151


    was the first known significant composer of polyphonic organum. He was probably French, probably lived and worked in Paris at the Notre Dame Cathedral and was the earliest member of the Notre Dame school of polyphony and the ars antiqua style who is known by name. The name Léonin is derived from "Leoninus," which is the Latin diminutive of the name Leo; therefore it is likely that Léonin's given French name was Léo.
  • 1190

    Bernart de Ventadorn

    was a French poet-composer troubadour of the classical age of troubadour poetry.[1] Generally regarded as the most important troubadour in both poetry and music,[1] his 18 extant melodies of 45 known poems in total is the most to survive from any 12th-century troubadour.[2] He is remembered for his mastery as well as popularization of the trobar leu style, and for his prolific cançons,
  • 1200

    Ars antiqua

    The first polyphonic form : organum
  • 1200


    was a composer associated with the Notre Dame school of polyphony in Paris and the broader ars antiqua musical style of high medieval music. He is credited with developing the polyphonic practices of his predecessor Léonin, with the introduction of three and four-part harmonies.
  • 1284

    Alfonso X

    was King of Castile, León and Galicia from 30 May 1252 until his death in 1284. During the election of 1257, a dissident faction chose him to be king of Germany on 1 April. He renounced his claim to Germany in 1275, and in creating an alliance with the Kingdom of England in 1254, his claim on the Duchy of Gascony as well.
  • 1300

    Ars nova

    Ars nova (Latin for new art)[2] refers to a musical style which flourished in the Kingdom of France and its surroundings during the Late Middle Ages. More particularly, it refers to the period between the preparation of the Roman de Fauvel (1310s) and the death of composer Guillaume de Machaut in 1377.
  • 1377

    Guillaume de Machaut

    was a French composer and poet who was the central figure of the ars nova style in late medieval music. His dominance of the genre is such that modern musicologists use his death to separate the ars nova from the subsequent ars subtilior movement.[1] Regarded as the most significant French composer and poet of the 14th century,[2][3] he is often seen as the century's leading European composer.[4]
  • 1397

    Fransesco Landini

    also known by many names) was an Italian composer, poet, organist, singer and instrument maker who was a central figure of the Trecento style in late Medieval music. One of the most revered composers of the second half of the 14th century, he was by far the most famous composer in Italy.
  • 1400

    Johannes Gutenberg

    He was a German goldsmith, inventor of the modern printing press.
  • Period: 1400 to


    Is a period in European history marking the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity and covering the 15th and 16th centuries, characterized by an effort to revive and surpass ideas and achievements of classical antiquity.
  • Jul 12, 1468

    Juan del Encina

    He was a poet, musician and playwright of the Spanish Renaissance at the time of the Catholic Monarchs. Along with the Gipuzkoan Juan de Anchieta, he is considered one of the greatest exponents of religious and secular polyphony in Spain at the end of the 15th century and beginning of the 16th. He reached great lyrical heights in his glosses and carols to which his invention is attributed.
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Martín Lutero

    He was a theologian, philosopher and Augustinian Catholic friar who began and promoted the Protestant Reformation in Germany and whose teachings inspired the theological and cultural doctrine called Lutheranism.
  • 1500

    Cristóbal de Morales

    He was a Spanish Catholic priest and chapel master, being the main representative of the Andalusian polyphonic school and one of the three greats, together with Tomás Luis de Victoria and Francisco Guerrero, of the Spanish polyphonic composition of the Renaissance.
  • 1510

    Antonio de Cabezón

    He was a blind Spanish organist, harpist and composer of the Renaissance.
  • Feb 3, 1525

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    He was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known representative of the 16th-century Roman School of musical composition. He had a lasting influence on the development of church and secular music in Europe.
  • 1533

    Andrea Gabrieli

    She was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance. The uncle of the somewhat more famous Giovanni Gabrieli, he was the first internationally renowned member of the Venetian School of composers, and was extremely influential in spreading the Venetian style in Italy as well as in Germany.
  • 1544

    Maddalena Casulana

    was an Italian composer, violinist, and singer of the late Renaissance. She was the first female composer to have an entire exclusive volume of her music printed and published in Western music history.
  • 1548

    Tomás Luis de Victoria

    He was a Catholic priest, chapel master and famous polyphonic composer of the Spanish Renaissance. He has been considered one of the most important and advanced composers of his time, with an innovative style.
  • 1556

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    was an Italian composer and organist, born and died in Venice. One of the most influential musicians of his time, he represents the culmination of the Venetian school, taking part in the transition from Renaissance music to Baroque music.
  • Mar 8, 1566

    Carlo Gesualdo

    He was an Italian composer, one of the most significant figures in the music of the late Renaissance with intensely expressive madrigals and pieces of sacred music with a chromatism that would not be heard again until the end of the 19th century.
  • Orlando di Lasso

    He was a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. Along with Palestrina and Victoria, he is considered one of the most influential composers of the 16th century.
  • Period: to


    the period or dominant style of Western classical music composed from about 1600 to 1750.[1] The Baroque style followed the Renaissance period, and was followed in turn by the Classical period after a short transition, the galant style. The Baroque period is divided into three major phases: early, middle, and late.
  • Barbara Strozzi

    was an Italian composer and singer of the Baroque Period. During her lifetime, Strozzi published eight volumes of her own music, and had more secular music in print than any other composer of the era.
  • Antonio Vivaldi

    was an Italian composer, virtuoso violinist and impresario of Baroque music.[4] Regarded as one of the greatest Baroque composers, Vivaldi's influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe, giving origin to many imitators and admirers. He pioneered many developments in orchestration, violin technique and programatic music.
  • George Frideric Handel

    was a German-British Baroque composer well known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, concerti grossi, and organ concertos.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for his orchestral music such as the Brandenburg Concertos; instrumental compositions such as the Cello Suites