Office of Special Education (OSEP) (1965)Congress adds Title VI to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 creating a Bureau of Education for the Handicapped.
PARC v. Pennsylvania and Mills v. D.C. Board of Education (1972)Two significant supreme court decisions [PARC v. Pennsylvania (1972) and Mills v. D.C. Board of Education (1972)] apply the equal protection argument to students with disabilities. The courts take the position that children with disabilities have an equal right to access education as their non-disabled peers
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973Requires that schools not discriminate
against children with disabilities and provide them with reasonable accommodations. Reasonable accommodations include untimed tests, sitting in front of
the class, modified homework and the provision of necessary services. Typically,
children covered under Section 504 either have less severe disabilities than those covered
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (1974)Parents are allowed to have access to all personally identifiable information collected, maintained, or used by a school district regarding their child.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (1975)Under IDEA, in order for a child to be eligible for special education, they must be in one of the
• serious emotional disturbance
• learning disabilities
• traumatic brain injury
• vision and hearing impairments
• physical disabilities
• other health impairments.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990).Rquires all educational institutions, other than those operated by
religious organizations, to meet the needs of children with psychiatric disorders.
No Child Left Behind (2001)This law calls for all students, including students with disabilities, to be proficient in math and reading by the year 2014.